Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1839-1847

Parental stress in Mecca, Saudi Arabia during the 2020 COVID pandemic lockdown: a cross-sectional study

Authors: Ghady Algethami, Murouj Almaghrabi, Ahdab Bawashkhah, Arwa Abba, Maram Alshareef.

ABSTRACT

Background: Lockdown measures were taken in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, from March to June 2020 to contain the spread of coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19). Parents experienced more stress as they remained at home with their children, and the present study aimed to assess parentsí perceived stress levels and their contributing factors. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from June to July 2020. The instrument used was a self-reported questionnaire comprised of the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale. Results: Most participants were females (75.81%) aged 40-49 years (43.1%). The most affected group were females aged 30-39. More than half of the participants reported moderate stress levels (68.1%); however, only (4.7%) reported high-stress levels. A higher educational level and not working or studying were associated with perceived higher stress levels. Conclusion: This study showed high to moderate stress levels among parents in Mecca during the COVID-19 pandemic. Further research is needed to determine if these perceived stress levels have been resolved and if further interventions could benefit parents.

Keywords:
Perceived stress, quarantine, parental stress, mental health, COVID-19


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Parental stress in Mecca, Saudi Arabia during the 2020 COVID pandemic lockdown: a cross-sectional study


Authors
Ghady Algethami
College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Murouj Almaghrabi
College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ahdab Bawashkhah
College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Arwa Abba
College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Maram Alshareef
Department of Community Medicine and Pilgrims Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Ghady Algethami, College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.; ghady.khalid.algethami@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 19 Jun 2021
Accepted 08 Oct 2021
Published online 08 Oct 2021
Published in print 18 Nov 2021

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Pubmed Style

Algethami G, Almaghrabi M, Bawashkhah A, Abba A, Alshareef M. Parental stress in Mecca, Saudi Arabia during the 2020 COVID pandemic lockdown: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1839-1847. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623614607


Web Style

Algethami G, Almaghrabi M, Bawashkhah A, Abba A, Alshareef M. Parental stress in Mecca, Saudi Arabia during the 2020 COVID pandemic lockdown: a cross-sectional study. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=87873 [Access: January 28, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623614607


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Algethami G, Almaghrabi M, Bawashkhah A, Abba A, Alshareef M. Parental stress in Mecca, Saudi Arabia during the 2020 COVID pandemic lockdown: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1839-1847. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623614607


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Algethami G, Almaghrabi M, Bawashkhah A, Abba A, Alshareef M. Parental stress in Mecca, Saudi Arabia during the 2020 COVID pandemic lockdown: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2021), [cited January 28, 2022]; 5(11): 1839-1847. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623614607


Harvard Style

Algethami, G., Almaghrabi, . M., Bawashkhah, . A., Abba, . A. & Alshareef, . M. (2021) Parental stress in Mecca, Saudi Arabia during the 2020 COVID pandemic lockdown: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 5 (11), 1839-1847. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623614607


Turabian Style

Algethami, Ghady, Murouj Almaghrabi, Ahdab Bawashkhah, Arwa Abba, and Maram Alshareef. 2021. Parental stress in Mecca, Saudi Arabia during the 2020 COVID pandemic lockdown: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1839-1847. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623614607


Chicago Style

Algethami, Ghady, Murouj Almaghrabi, Ahdab Bawashkhah, Arwa Abba, and Maram Alshareef. "Parental stress in Mecca, Saudi Arabia during the 2020 COVID pandemic lockdown: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1839-1847. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623614607


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Algethami, Ghady, Murouj Almaghrabi, Ahdab Bawashkhah, Arwa Abba, and Maram Alshareef. "Parental stress in Mecca, Saudi Arabia during the 2020 COVID pandemic lockdown: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.11 (2021), 1839-1847. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623614607


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Algethami, G., Almaghrabi, . M., Bawashkhah, . A., Abba, . A. & Alshareef, . M. (2021) Parental stress in Mecca, Saudi Arabia during the 2020 COVID pandemic lockdown: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1839-1847. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623614607


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