Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1721-1733

Factors that may contribute to multiple sclerosis relapse in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Naif Edah Alomairi, Sultan Maged Bamusa, Mohammed Khalid Alzeer, Sultan Saad Alamri.

ABSTRACT

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects approximately 2.5 million individuals worldwide, with an increase in the annual incidence of the disease of seven new cases per 100,000. This study was conducted to identify the factors contributing to MS relapse in Saudi Arabia. Methodology: The study was conducted throughout Saudi Arabia using an online survey with the help of a database for MS patients provided by “Arfa” MS Society in Saudi Arabia, from February to April 2019. A total of 378 MS patients were targeted. Susceptibility was verified by a positive history of an MS relapse with the help of the 2-part Assessing Relapse in MS questionnaire. This was a self-report assessment tool that was developed with the help of many expert MS nurses worldwide. Results: Of 378 study participants, 51.92% of the patients mentioned that the reason for their relapse was stress and anxiety. Depression and low mood have been reported by 32.37% of the patients. Stopping medications became the cause of relapse in 19.23% of the patients, followed by seasonal changes in 14.74%, vitamin D deficiency in 15.20%, and physical effort 11.21% although 43.91% of the patients could not identify the cause of their relapse. Conclusion: Stress and anxiety have been the most reported cause of MS, followed by depression and low mood. This emphasizes the rule of psychological factors on the progression of the disease and the need for a multidisciplinary team to help the patients cope with anxiety and depression.

Keywords:
Multiple sclerosis (MS), relapse, depression, anxiety, Saudi Arabia


View PDF
Factors that may contribute to multiple sclerosis relapse in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Naif Edah Alomairi
Department of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sultan Maged Bamusa
Department of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Khalid Alzeer
Department of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sultan Saad Alamri
Department of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Department of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.; NaifAlomairi78@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 02 Sep 2020
Accepted 24 Sep 2020
Published online 06 Oct 2020
Published in print 05 Nov 2020

How to cite this article?

Export to EndNote Export to refMan

Pubmed Style

Alomairi NE, Bamusa SM, Alzeer MK, Alamri SS. Factors that may contribute to multiple sclerosis relapse in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1721-1733. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578608055


Web Style

Alomairi NE, Bamusa SM, Alzeer MK, Alamri SS. Factors that may contribute to multiple sclerosis relapse in Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=81318 [Access: January 24, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578608055


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alomairi NE, Bamusa SM, Alzeer MK, Alamri SS. Factors that may contribute to multiple sclerosis relapse in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1721-1733. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578608055


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alomairi NE, Bamusa SM, Alzeer MK, Alamri SS. Factors that may contribute to multiple sclerosis relapse in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited January 24, 2021]; 4(11): 1721-1733. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578608055


Harvard Style

Alomairi, N. E., Bamusa, . S. M., Alzeer, . M. K. & Alamri, . S. S. (2020) Factors that may contribute to multiple sclerosis relapse in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (11), 1721-1733. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578608055


Turabian Style

Alomairi, Naif Edah, Sultan Maged Bamusa, Mohammed Khalid Alzeer, and Sultan Saad Alamri. 2020. Factors that may contribute to multiple sclerosis relapse in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1721-1733. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578608055


Chicago Style

Alomairi, Naif Edah, Sultan Maged Bamusa, Mohammed Khalid Alzeer, and Sultan Saad Alamri. "Factors that may contribute to multiple sclerosis relapse in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1721-1733. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578608055


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alomairi, Naif Edah, Sultan Maged Bamusa, Mohammed Khalid Alzeer, and Sultan Saad Alamri. "Factors that may contribute to multiple sclerosis relapse in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.11 (2020), 1721-1733. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578608055


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alomairi, N. E., Bamusa, . S. M., Alzeer, . M. K. & Alamri, . S. S. (2020) Factors that may contribute to multiple sclerosis relapse in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1721-1733. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578608055


Share this article

Click the icon of the social media platform on which you would like to share this article.

Article Statistics

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any part or all of this article please contact the copyright holder, contact@ijmdc.com.

Copyright ©2021 Discover STM Publishing. All Rights Reserved.