Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(9): 1111-1121

The demographic data, clinical manifestations, management, and outcomes in children with brucellosis in AlQassim Region, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Ibrahim Ali AlRashidi, Ali Ahmad Aldakhil, Arwa Ahmed Alodheilah, Maha Mohammed Aldhilan, Raneem Hamoud Alzaghran, Kadi Mohammed Alfurayh, Rabab Abdallah Alswyan.

ABSTRACT

Background: Brucellosis is an infectious disease transmitted by animals to humans and affects both genders and all age groups. In children, the most common symptoms are excessive sweating, chills, bone ache, and painful or swollen joints. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the demographic data, clinical manifestations, main risk factors, management, and outcomes in children with brucellosis in Buraidah, AlQassim region, Saudi Arabia. Methods: The medical records of all children (<14 years) with confirmed brucellosis from January 2021 to December 2021 at Maternity and Children hospital in Buraidah were studied retrospectively. Results: Total 16 participants were involved in the study and most of them 10 (62.5%), were males. The mean age was found to be 8.2 ± 4.6 years. A family history of brucellosis was found in 11 (68.8%) participants, and 12 (75%) had a history of raw milk consumption. Limping was the most reported physical finding (25%), and brucella was isolated from blood in about four (25%) of the participants. The brucellosis titer was > 1/360 in nine (56.3%) participants. The most reported clinical symptom was fever (62.5%), myalgia and arthralgia (50%). The most typical combination therapy was doxycycline with rifampicin. Age, gender, and area of residence were not found to be significantly associated with brucellosis. Conclusion: Brucellosis has a wide range of clinical presentation involving multiple organ systems. A family history of brucellosis and positive raw milk consumption are important risk factors in increasing risk of brucellosis.

Keywords:
Demographic data, Clinical manifestations, Risk factors, Management, Children, Brucellosis


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The demographic data, clinical manifestations, management, and outcomes in children with brucellosis in AlQassim Region, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Ibrahim Ali AlRashidi
Assistant Professor, Pediatrics, Qassim University Buraidah, Saudi Arabia
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Ali Ahmad Aldakhil
Maternity and Children Hospital, Qassim, Buriadah, Saudi Arabia
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Arwa Ahmed Alodheilah
Medical Student, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
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Maha Mohammed Aldhilan
Medical Student, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
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Raneem Hamoud Alzaghran
Medical Student, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
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Kadi Mohammed Alfurayh
Medical Student, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
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Rabab Abdallah Alswyan
Medical Student, Qassim, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. IBRAHIM ALI ALRASHIDI , Assistant professor of pediatrics ,Qassim university Buraidah, Saudi Arabia; 2914@qu.edu.sa

Publication history
Received 23 Jul 2022
Accepted 09 Aug 2022
Published online 12 Sep 2022
Published in print 23 Sep 2022

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Pubmed Style

AlRashidi IA, Aldakhil AA, Alodheilah AA, Aldhilan MM, Alzaghran RH, Alfurayh KM, Alswyan RA. The demographic data, clinical manifestations, management, and outcomes in children with brucellosis in AlQassim Region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(9): 1111-1121. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1657891121


Web Style

AlRashidi IA, Aldakhil AA, Alodheilah AA, Aldhilan MM, Alzaghran RH, Alfurayh KM, Alswyan RA. The demographic data, clinical manifestations, management, and outcomes in children with brucellosis in AlQassim Region, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=77807 [Access: December 03, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1657891121


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

AlRashidi IA, Aldakhil AA, Alodheilah AA, Aldhilan MM, Alzaghran RH, Alfurayh KM, Alswyan RA. The demographic data, clinical manifestations, management, and outcomes in children with brucellosis in AlQassim Region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(9): 1111-1121. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1657891121


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

AlRashidi IA, Aldakhil AA, Alodheilah AA, Aldhilan MM, Alzaghran RH, Alfurayh KM, Alswyan RA. The demographic data, clinical manifestations, management, and outcomes in children with brucellosis in AlQassim Region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2022), [cited December 03, 2022]; 6(9): 1111-1121. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1657891121


Harvard Style

AlRashidi, I. A., Aldakhil, . A. A., Alodheilah, . A. A., Aldhilan, . M. M., Alzaghran, . R. H., Alfurayh, . K. M. & Alswyan, . R. A. (2022) The demographic data, clinical manifestations, management, and outcomes in children with brucellosis in AlQassim Region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 6 (9), 1111-1121. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1657891121


Turabian Style

AlRashidi, Ibrahim Ali, Ali Ahmad Aldakhil, Arwa Ahmed Alodheilah, Maha Mohammed Aldhilan, Raneem Hamoud Alzaghran, Kadi Mohammed Alfurayh, and Rabab Abdallah Alswyan. 2022. The demographic data, clinical manifestations, management, and outcomes in children with brucellosis in AlQassim Region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (9), 1111-1121. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1657891121


Chicago Style

AlRashidi, Ibrahim Ali, Ali Ahmad Aldakhil, Arwa Ahmed Alodheilah, Maha Mohammed Aldhilan, Raneem Hamoud Alzaghran, Kadi Mohammed Alfurayh, and Rabab Abdallah Alswyan. "The demographic data, clinical manifestations, management, and outcomes in children with brucellosis in AlQassim Region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 1111-1121. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1657891121


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

AlRashidi, Ibrahim Ali, Ali Ahmad Aldakhil, Arwa Ahmed Alodheilah, Maha Mohammed Aldhilan, Raneem Hamoud Alzaghran, Kadi Mohammed Alfurayh, and Rabab Abdallah Alswyan. "The demographic data, clinical manifestations, management, and outcomes in children with brucellosis in AlQassim Region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.9 (2022), 1111-1121. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1657891121


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

AlRashidi, I. A., Aldakhil, . A. A., Alodheilah, . A. A., Aldhilan, . M. M., Alzaghran, . R. H., Alfurayh, . K. M. & Alswyan, . R. A. (2022) The demographic data, clinical manifestations, management, and outcomes in children with brucellosis in AlQassim Region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (9), 1111-1121. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1657891121


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