Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(6): 813-823

Epidemiological, clinical, treatments, and outcome of patients infected with COVID-19 in Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Sahar Hasan Alsharif, Rehab Mohammed Gaafar, Shuaa Yunis Mandili, Nizar Alsharif, Mohammad Kamel Alharazi, Fawaz Hamdi Aljehani, Khalid Abdullah Alafif.

ABSTRACT

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) started in China at the end of 2019 and has occurred as a substantial and severe threat to global health. We aimed to evaluate the clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory findings of SARS-CoV-2 infected patients in early period of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in Saudi Arabia to direct us in help, understand, limit and treat COVID-19 across Saudi Arabia and around the world. Methods: This descriptive, hospital-based study collected all confirmed COVID-19 infected patients in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, Al-Noor specialist Hospital from March 2 to April 30, 2020. Results: One hundred and fifty one patients (mean age 45.9 ± 16.5), 70.8% of them were male identified to be COVID-19 positive. The common signs and symptoms at presentation were cough, fever, fatigue, and shortness of breath. Total leucocytes counts and lymphocyte counts, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were higher in the older adults than in younger adults patients. Conclusions: In the series of infected patients in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, old age and male gender could be affecting the severity of symptoms, disordered laboratory parameters and duration of admission in hospital. The blood group O- had the highest level of infection. Azithromycin and Oseltamivir improve the outcome of most patients.

Keywords:
COVID-19, Symptoms, Comorbidities, Saudi Arabia, Epidemiology.


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Epidemiological, clinical, treatments, and outcome of patients infected with COVID-19 in Makkah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Sahar Hasan Alsharif
Senior registrar, Alnoor Specialist Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rehab Mohammed Gaafar
Consultant Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Shuaa Yunis Mandili
Senior registrar, Ministry of Health, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nizar Alsharif
Assistant Professor, Al Baha University, Al Baha, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammad Kamel Alharazi
Consultant Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Fawaz Hamdi Aljehani
Dermatology Consultant, King Abdulaziz Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khalid Abdullah Alafif
Dermatology consultant, Alnoor Specialist Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Senior Registrar, Alnoor Specialist Hospital, Makkah Al-Mukarramah, Saudi Arabia.; S.H.Alsharif@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 16 Feb 2022
Accepted 07 Mar 2022
Published online 16 May 2022
Published in print 04 Jun 2022

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Pubmed Style

Alsharif SH, Gaafar RM, Mandili SY, Alsharif N, Alharazi MK, Aljehani FH, Alafif KA. Epidemiological, clinical, treatments, and outcome of patients infected with COVID-19 in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(6): 813-823. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1645021665


Web Style

Alsharif SH, Gaafar RM, Mandili SY, Alsharif N, Alharazi MK, Aljehani FH, Alafif KA. Epidemiological, clinical, treatments, and outcome of patients infected with COVID-19 in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=71480 [Access: August 18, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1645021665


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alsharif SH, Gaafar RM, Mandili SY, Alsharif N, Alharazi MK, Aljehani FH, Alafif KA. Epidemiological, clinical, treatments, and outcome of patients infected with COVID-19 in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(6): 813-823. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1645021665


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alsharif SH, Gaafar RM, Mandili SY, Alsharif N, Alharazi MK, Aljehani FH, Alafif KA. Epidemiological, clinical, treatments, and outcome of patients infected with COVID-19 in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2022), [cited August 18, 2022]; 6(6): 813-823. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1645021665


Harvard Style

Alsharif, S. H., Gaafar, . R. M., Mandili, . S. Y., Alsharif, . N., Alharazi, . M. K., Aljehani, . F. H. & Alafif, . K. A. (2022) Epidemiological, clinical, treatments, and outcome of patients infected with COVID-19 in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 6 (6), 813-823. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1645021665


Turabian Style

Alsharif, Sahar Hasan, Rehab Mohammed Gaafar, Shuaa Yunis Mandili, Nizar Alsharif, Mohammad Kamel Alharazi, Fawaz Hamdi Aljehani, and Khalid Abdullah Alafif. 2022. Epidemiological, clinical, treatments, and outcome of patients infected with COVID-19 in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (6), 813-823. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1645021665


Chicago Style

Alsharif, Sahar Hasan, Rehab Mohammed Gaafar, Shuaa Yunis Mandili, Nizar Alsharif, Mohammad Kamel Alharazi, Fawaz Hamdi Aljehani, and Khalid Abdullah Alafif. "Epidemiological, clinical, treatments, and outcome of patients infected with COVID-19 in Makkah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 813-823. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1645021665


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alsharif, Sahar Hasan, Rehab Mohammed Gaafar, Shuaa Yunis Mandili, Nizar Alsharif, Mohammad Kamel Alharazi, Fawaz Hamdi Aljehani, and Khalid Abdullah Alafif. "Epidemiological, clinical, treatments, and outcome of patients infected with COVID-19 in Makkah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.6 (2022), 813-823. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1645021665


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alsharif, S. H., Gaafar, . R. M., Mandili, . S. Y., Alsharif, . N., Alharazi, . M. K., Aljehani, . F. H. & Alafif, . K. A. (2022) Epidemiological, clinical, treatments, and outcome of patients infected with COVID-19 in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (6), 813-823. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1645021665


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