Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(4): 1085-1091

Prevalence of squint in primary school children and its associated sociodemographic factors in Sakaka City, Aljouf Region, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Rawand Waleed S. Alnuman, Farah Saleh N. Alhablani, Elaf Mubarak Alaswad Alruwaili, Ghadah Ayad A. Alruwaili, Rawan Rafi Alruwaili, Rahaf Mohammed J. Alruwail, Khaled Abd Elsalam Zaky.

ABSTRACT

Background: Squint or strabismus is a disorder in which the eyes do not face the same direction, and is caused by a nerve injury or dysfunction of the muscles that control the eyes. Thereby, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of squint, together with its clinical manifestations and treatment characteristics in children, and its association with socio-economic factors in Sakaka city, Aljouf. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 328 children from four primary schools (two girls schools and two boys schools) in Sakaka. An online questionnaire was distributed consisting of socio-demographic characteristics, history of strabismus, and the treatment used. Results: Out of the 328 participants, 54.9% were female. The prevalence of strabismus was 21%. Majority had an inward squint (44.9%). There was a significant association between age and prevalence of strabismus (p = 0.027 < 0.05) as a high rate of squint was seen in children between 6 and 7 years old. Another significant relationship was seen between the history of parents with squint and the prevalence of strabismus with highest incidences of squint reported in children whose both parents had a squint. Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between strabismus prevalence with age and history of parents with squint.

Keywords:
Squint, strabismus, children, prevalence


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Prevalence of squint in primary school children and its associated sociodemographic factors in Sakaka City, Aljouf Region, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Rawand Waleed S Alnuman
Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
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Farah Saleh N Alhablani
Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
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Elaf Mubarak Alaswad Alruwaili
Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
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Ghadah Ayad A Alruwaili
Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
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Rawan Rafi Alruwaili
Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
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Rahaf Mohammed J Alruwail
Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
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Khaled Abd Elsalam Zaky
Supervisor of Ophthalmology Department, Collage of Medicine, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Rawand Waleed S Alnuman, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia.; alwalidrawand@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 10 Mar 2021
Accepted 17 Mar 2021
Published online 28 Mar 2021
Published in print 05 Apr 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alnuman RWS, Alhablani FSN, Alruwaili EMA, Alruwaili GAA, Alruwaili RR, Alruwail RMJ, Zaky KAE. Prevalence of squint in primary school children and its associated sociodemographic factors in Sakaka City, Aljouf Region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(4): 1085-1091. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615415320


Web Style

Alnuman RWS, Alhablani FSN, Alruwaili EMA, Alruwaili GAA, Alruwaili RR, Alruwail RMJ, Zaky KAE. Prevalence of squint in primary school children and its associated sociodemographic factors in Sakaka City, Aljouf Region, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=62911 [Access: May 08, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615415320


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alnuman RWS, Alhablani FSN, Alruwaili EMA, Alruwaili GAA, Alruwaili RR, Alruwail RMJ, Zaky KAE. Prevalence of squint in primary school children and its associated sociodemographic factors in Sakaka City, Aljouf Region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(4): 1085-1091. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615415320


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alnuman RWS, Alhablani FSN, Alruwaili EMA, Alruwaili GAA, Alruwaili RR, Alruwail RMJ, Zaky KAE. Prevalence of squint in primary school children and its associated sociodemographic factors in Sakaka City, Aljouf Region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited May 08, 2021]; 5(4): 1085-1091. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615415320


Harvard Style

Alnuman, R. W. S., Alhablani, . F. S. N., Alruwaili, . E. M. A., Alruwaili, . G. A. A., Alruwaili, . R. R., Alruwail, . R. M. J. & Zaky, . K. A. E. (2021) Prevalence of squint in primary school children and its associated sociodemographic factors in Sakaka City, Aljouf Region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (4), 1085-1091. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615415320


Turabian Style

Alnuman, Rawand Waleed S., Farah Saleh N. Alhablani, Elaf Mubarak Alaswad Alruwaili, Ghadah Ayad A. Alruwaili, Rawan Rafi Alruwaili, Rahaf Mohammed J. Alruwail, and Khaled Abd Elsalam Zaky. 2021. Prevalence of squint in primary school children and its associated sociodemographic factors in Sakaka City, Aljouf Region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (4), 1085-1091. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615415320


Chicago Style

Alnuman, Rawand Waleed S., Farah Saleh N. Alhablani, Elaf Mubarak Alaswad Alruwaili, Ghadah Ayad A. Alruwaili, Rawan Rafi Alruwaili, Rahaf Mohammed J. Alruwail, and Khaled Abd Elsalam Zaky. "Prevalence of squint in primary school children and its associated sociodemographic factors in Sakaka City, Aljouf Region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1085-1091. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615415320


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alnuman, Rawand Waleed S., Farah Saleh N. Alhablani, Elaf Mubarak Alaswad Alruwaili, Ghadah Ayad A. Alruwaili, Rawan Rafi Alruwaili, Rahaf Mohammed J. Alruwail, and Khaled Abd Elsalam Zaky. "Prevalence of squint in primary school children and its associated sociodemographic factors in Sakaka City, Aljouf Region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.4 (2021), 1085-1091. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615415320


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alnuman, R. W. S., Alhablani, . F. S. N., Alruwaili, . E. M. A., Alruwaili, . G. A. A., Alruwaili, . R. R., Alruwail, . R. M. J. & Zaky, . K. A. E. (2021) Prevalence of squint in primary school children and its associated sociodemographic factors in Sakaka City, Aljouf Region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (4), 1085-1091. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615415320


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