IJMDC. 2021; 5(6): 1332-1338

Cutaneous manifestations associated with coronavirus disease-19: a review

Authors: Sultan Alshammari, Sultan Alanazi, Khalid Alanazi, Ammar Khalifa, Yara Alfehaid, Khalid Alabdulwahab.

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) is a universal pandemic caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2; its first appearance was recorded in December 2019 in Wuhan (China). Although pulmonary validity is the principal center of examinations through the beginning of COVID-19 infection, cutaneous signs have been described in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic. Notwithstanding an expansion in correlation, many vaguely persist about the description, frequency, and pathogenesis of those dermatological indications. Our review discusses the cutaneous signs correlated with COVID-19, including types of lesions and classifications of rashes. A web-based search utilizing the advanced characteristics of different databases like PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane electronic databases was carried out.

Keywords:
Coronavirus disease-19, cutaneous, manifestations, classification, rashes


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Cutaneous manifestations associated with coronavirus disease-19: a review


Authors
Sultan Alshammari
AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sultan Alanazi
AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khalid Alanazi
AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ammar Khalifa
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Yara Alfehaid
Dermatology Department, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khalid Alabdulwahab
Dermatology Department, King Salman Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Sultan Alshammari, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; su.ltan86@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 07 Mar 2021
Accepted 24 Mar 2021
Published online 14 Jun 2021
Published in print 29 Jun 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alshammari S, Alanazi S, Alanazi K, Khalifa A, Alfehaid Y, Alabdulwahab K. Cutaneous manifestations associated with coronavirus disease-19: a review. IJMDC. 2021; 5(6): 1332-1338. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615149138


Web Style

Alshammari S, Alanazi S, Alanazi K, Khalifa A, Alfehaid Y, Alabdulwahab K. Cutaneous manifestations associated with coronavirus disease-19: a review. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=62072 [Access: September 19, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615149138


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alshammari S, Alanazi S, Alanazi K, Khalifa A, Alfehaid Y, Alabdulwahab K. Cutaneous manifestations associated with coronavirus disease-19: a review. IJMDC. 2021; 5(6): 1332-1338. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615149138


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alshammari S, Alanazi S, Alanazi K, Khalifa A, Alfehaid Y, Alabdulwahab K. Cutaneous manifestations associated with coronavirus disease-19: a review. IJMDC. (2021), [cited September 19, 2021]; 5(6): 1332-1338. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615149138


Harvard Style

Alshammari, S., Alanazi, . S., Alanazi, . K., Khalifa, . A., Alfehaid, . Y. & Alabdulwahab, . K. (2021) Cutaneous manifestations associated with coronavirus disease-19: a review. IJMDC, 5 (6), 1332-1338. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615149138


Turabian Style

Alshammari, Sultan, Sultan Alanazi, Khalid Alanazi, Ammar Khalifa, Yara Alfehaid, and Khalid Alabdulwahab. 2021. Cutaneous manifestations associated with coronavirus disease-19: a review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (6), 1332-1338. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615149138


Chicago Style

Alshammari, Sultan, Sultan Alanazi, Khalid Alanazi, Ammar Khalifa, Yara Alfehaid, and Khalid Alabdulwahab. "Cutaneous manifestations associated with coronavirus disease-19: a review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1332-1338. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615149138


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alshammari, Sultan, Sultan Alanazi, Khalid Alanazi, Ammar Khalifa, Yara Alfehaid, and Khalid Alabdulwahab. "Cutaneous manifestations associated with coronavirus disease-19: a review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.6 (2021), 1332-1338. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615149138


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alshammari, S., Alanazi, . S., Alanazi, . K., Khalifa, . A., Alfehaid, . Y. & Alabdulwahab, . K. (2021) Cutaneous manifestations associated with coronavirus disease-19: a review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (6), 1332-1338. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1615149138


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