Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(4): 1046-1050

The awareness and knowledge differences of multiple sclerosis among health-related students in Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah City, Saudi Arabia: an analytic cross-sectional study

Authors: Abdulrahman Kabli, Salah Bakry, Suhayb Bakry, Amal Alkhotani.

ABSTRACT

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an organ-specific inflammatory disease that predominantly affects the central nervous system and is considered the main cause of chronic neurologic disability in young and middle- aged adults. While MS prevalence in Saudi Arabia is significantly increasing, public awareness remains generally poor, and such limited understanding is also observed among students within health-related disciplines. Our study aims to carry out a survey of students from different health-related colleges in the Makkah region of western Saudi Arabia. We compared the rates of awareness and determinants of MS knowledge and consequently recommended strategies to improve this gap in awareness. Methods: This survey-based, cross-sectional study was conducted at Umm Al-Qura University in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. A structured questionnaire including questions on MS knowledge was administered. Results: In total, 397 students participated in this study, aged between 18 and 25 years. A total of 262 (66.2%) participants were male and 134 (33.8%) were female. The majority of respondents were 5th-year students within the College of Medicine, while 2nd-year students and those within the College of Pharmacy and the College of Nursing were the least represented. Moreover, the association between level of awareness and participant age and academic year was significantly positive (p-value = 0.001). Conclusions: Consequently, participant age and academic year represented a significant level of awareness in comparison with other demographic categories.

Keywords:
Multiple sclerosis, medical students, awareness, knowledge, Makkah city, Saudi Arabia


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The awareness and knowledge differences of multiple sclerosis among health-related students in Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah City, Saudi Arabia: an analytic cross-sectional study


Authors
Abdulrahman Kabli
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Salah Bakry
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Suhayb Bakry
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amal Alkhotani
Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Umm Al- Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Abdulrahman Kabli, Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia; abdualrahmankabli@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 20 Feb 2021
Accepted 06 Mar 2021
Published online 16 Mar 2021
Published in print 05 Apr 2021

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Pubmed Style

Kabli A, Bakry S, Bakry S, Alkhotani A. The awareness and knowledge differences of multiple sclerosis among health-related students in Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah City, Saudi Arabia: an analytic cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2021; 5(4): 1046-1050. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1613389457


Web Style

Kabli A, Bakry S, Bakry S, Alkhotani A. The awareness and knowledge differences of multiple sclerosis among health-related students in Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah City, Saudi Arabia: an analytic cross-sectional study. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=56167 [Access: May 08, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1613389457


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kabli A, Bakry S, Bakry S, Alkhotani A. The awareness and knowledge differences of multiple sclerosis among health-related students in Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah City, Saudi Arabia: an analytic cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2021; 5(4): 1046-1050. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1613389457


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kabli A, Bakry S, Bakry S, Alkhotani A. The awareness and knowledge differences of multiple sclerosis among health-related students in Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah City, Saudi Arabia: an analytic cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2021), [cited May 08, 2021]; 5(4): 1046-1050. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1613389457


Harvard Style

Kabli, A., Bakry, . S., Bakry, . S. & Alkhotani, . A. (2021) The awareness and knowledge differences of multiple sclerosis among health-related students in Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah City, Saudi Arabia: an analytic cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 5 (4), 1046-1050. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1613389457


Turabian Style

Kabli, Abdulrahman, Salah Bakry, Suhayb Bakry, and Amal Alkhotani. 2021. The awareness and knowledge differences of multiple sclerosis among health-related students in Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah City, Saudi Arabia: an analytic cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (4), 1046-1050. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1613389457


Chicago Style

Kabli, Abdulrahman, Salah Bakry, Suhayb Bakry, and Amal Alkhotani. "The awareness and knowledge differences of multiple sclerosis among health-related students in Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah City, Saudi Arabia: an analytic cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1046-1050. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1613389457


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kabli, Abdulrahman, Salah Bakry, Suhayb Bakry, and Amal Alkhotani. "The awareness and knowledge differences of multiple sclerosis among health-related students in Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah City, Saudi Arabia: an analytic cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.4 (2021), 1046-1050. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1613389457


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kabli, A., Bakry, . S., Bakry, . S. & Alkhotani, . A. (2021) The awareness and knowledge differences of multiple sclerosis among health-related students in Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah City, Saudi Arabia: an analytic cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (4), 1046-1050. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1613389457


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