Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(4): 1034-1039

The knowledge, attitude and practice regarding diabetes and diabetic retinopathy among the medical students in Qassim University

Authors: Saad Althiabi, Faisal A. Althwiny, Asma S. Alshutily, Abdulaziz J. Aljbreen.

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common health issue with high prevalence rate throughout the world. One of the most common complication of DM is diabetic retinopathy (DR). It is one of the most common cause of blindness in patients with DM. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge of medical students in Al Qassim University about DM and DR. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students at Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed among medical students. Questionnaire was composed of the basic demographic data, assessment of the knowledge and attitude regarding DM and DR. Data were gathered and coded in MS Excel and all statistical analyses were performed using Statistical Packages for Software Sciences version 21. Results: A total of 306 medical students were recruited (49.3% males vs. 50.7% females). Poor knowledge was detected among 52.3% of medical students (mean score: 2.34; SD = 1.43, out of 5 points), while the rest had good knowledge (47.7%). With regards to the attitude, 69.3% had positive attitude, while 30.7% were negative. Age group in years, academic year level, source(s) of DM and DR information, and attended courses related to DM and DR were the factors associated with both knowledge and attitude. Conclusion: While an optimistic attitude was observed among medical students with regards to DM and DR, their knowledge about them was deemed insufficient. Better outlook regarding DM and DR can be observed among senior students.

Keywords:
Knowledge, attitude, practice, diabetes, diabetic retinopathy


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The knowledge, attitude and practice regarding diabetes and diabetic retinopathy among the medical students in Qassim University


Authors
Saad Althiabi
Consultant Ophthalmology, Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Faisal A Althwiny
Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Asma S Alshutily
Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulaziz J Aljbreen
Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Faisal Ahmed Althwiny, Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia.; f.a.thwiny@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 03 Feb 2021
Accepted 04 Mar 2021
Published online 31 Mar 2021
Published in print 05 Apr 2021

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Pubmed Style

Althiabi S, Althwiny FA, Alshutily AS, Aljbreen AJ. The knowledge, attitude and practice regarding diabetes and diabetic retinopathy among the medical students in Qassim University. IJMDC. 2021; 5(4): 1034-1039. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1612391795


Web Style

Althiabi S, Althwiny FA, Alshutily AS, Aljbreen AJ. The knowledge, attitude and practice regarding diabetes and diabetic retinopathy among the medical students in Qassim University. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=52034 [Access: May 08, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1612391795


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Althiabi S, Althwiny FA, Alshutily AS, Aljbreen AJ. The knowledge, attitude and practice regarding diabetes and diabetic retinopathy among the medical students in Qassim University. IJMDC. 2021; 5(4): 1034-1039. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1612391795


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Althiabi S, Althwiny FA, Alshutily AS, Aljbreen AJ. The knowledge, attitude and practice regarding diabetes and diabetic retinopathy among the medical students in Qassim University. IJMDC. (2021), [cited May 08, 2021]; 5(4): 1034-1039. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1612391795


Harvard Style

Althiabi, S., Althwiny, . F. A., Alshutily, . A. S. & Aljbreen, . A. J. (2021) The knowledge, attitude and practice regarding diabetes and diabetic retinopathy among the medical students in Qassim University. IJMDC, 5 (4), 1034-1039. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1612391795


Turabian Style

Althiabi, Saad, Faisal A. Althwiny, Asma S. Alshutily, and Abdulaziz J. Aljbreen. 2021. The knowledge, attitude and practice regarding diabetes and diabetic retinopathy among the medical students in Qassim University. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (4), 1034-1039. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1612391795


Chicago Style

Althiabi, Saad, Faisal A. Althwiny, Asma S. Alshutily, and Abdulaziz J. Aljbreen. "The knowledge, attitude and practice regarding diabetes and diabetic retinopathy among the medical students in Qassim University." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1034-1039. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1612391795


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Althiabi, Saad, Faisal A. Althwiny, Asma S. Alshutily, and Abdulaziz J. Aljbreen. "The knowledge, attitude and practice regarding diabetes and diabetic retinopathy among the medical students in Qassim University." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.4 (2021), 1034-1039. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1612391795


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Althiabi, S., Althwiny, . F. A., Alshutily, . A. S. & Aljbreen, . A. J. (2021) The knowledge, attitude and practice regarding diabetes and diabetic retinopathy among the medical students in Qassim University. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (4), 1034-1039. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1612391795


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