Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 157-164

Assessment of infant feeding methods and factors influencing it in Makkah region, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Reda Abdelmoaty Goweda, Ibrahim Jameel Alharbi, Mohammed Safar Alhuthali, Anas Abdulaziz Zard, Faisal Maqbol Alhuthali, Fahad Hamed Alsuwayidi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Breastfeeding has a growing interest and it ensures adequate nutrition, especially in developing countries; breastfeeding has the most significant benefit in the prevention of illnesses and reduces mortality. Unfortunately, multiple cities in Saudi Arabia show a low prevalence of exclusively breastfeeding mothers. This study aims to study the factors influencing the choice of exclusive formula feeding or complementary feeding over exclusive breastfeeding in Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: This study used a cross-sectional, community-based survey by sampling technique, which is a structured questionnaire that has been made based on pretested, tested, and older studies through passing the questionnaires to the mothers and then analyzing the data from the questionnaires. Results: 354 mothers responded to this questionnaire. 51.7% were aged between 21 and 30 years 84.7% of the full cohort had a university degree. 40.7% of the mothers were using complementary feeding (a combination of breast and bottle feeding), while only 25.1% were following an exclusive breastfeeding strategy. 9.6% of the mothers had chronic medical conditions. 15% were using medications. 35.3% had infants aged between 1 and 6 months. 65.5% of the mothers had tried breastfeeding earlier, wherein 64.4% started breastfeeding after few hours from delivery and 18.6% of the mothers stated that their breast milk was not sufficient for their babies. Also, 7.1% of the mothers found that their working conditions were not compatible with breastfeeding. Conclusion: The age of mothers and infants, as well as delivery settings, are the most critical factors influencing breastfeeding. Further studies to assess the knowledge of mothers toward the benefits of breastfeeding are needed.

Keywords:
Breastfeeding, bottle feeding, complementary feeding, infants, mothers, factors, prevalence, lactation, delivery, Saudi Arabia


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Assessment of infant feeding methods and factors influencing it in Makkah region, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Reda Abdelmoaty Goweda
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Ibrahim Jameel Alharbi
Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Egypt
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Mohammed Safar Alhuthali
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Anas Abdulaziz Zard
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Faisal Maqbol Alhuthali
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Fahad Hamed Alsuwayidi
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Ibrahim J. Alharbi, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.; ibrahimjaa1996@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 25 Nov 2020
Accepted 03 Dec 2020
Published online 12 Dec 2020
Published in print 11 Jan 2021

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Pubmed Style

Goweda RA, Alharbi IJ, Alhuthali MS, Zard AA, Alhuthali FM, Alsuwayidi FH. Assessment of infant feeding methods and factors influencing it in Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 157-164. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605719300


Web Style

Goweda RA, Alharbi IJ, Alhuthali MS, Zard AA, Alhuthali FM, Alsuwayidi FH. Assessment of infant feeding methods and factors influencing it in Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=5147 [Access: March 07, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605719300


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Goweda RA, Alharbi IJ, Alhuthali MS, Zard AA, Alhuthali FM, Alsuwayidi FH. Assessment of infant feeding methods and factors influencing it in Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 157-164. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605719300


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Goweda RA, Alharbi IJ, Alhuthali MS, Zard AA, Alhuthali FM, Alsuwayidi FH. Assessment of infant feeding methods and factors influencing it in Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited March 07, 2021]; 5(1): 157-164. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605719300


Harvard Style

Goweda, R. A., Alharbi, . I. J., Alhuthali, . M. S., Zard, . A. A., Alhuthali, . F. M. & Alsuwayidi, . F. H. (2021) Assessment of infant feeding methods and factors influencing it in Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (1), 157-164. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605719300


Turabian Style

Goweda, Reda Abdelmoaty, Ibrahim Jameel Alharbi, Mohammed Safar Alhuthali, Anas Abdulaziz Zard, Faisal Maqbol Alhuthali, and Fahad Hamed Alsuwayidi. 2021. Assessment of infant feeding methods and factors influencing it in Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 157-164. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605719300


Chicago Style

Goweda, Reda Abdelmoaty, Ibrahim Jameel Alharbi, Mohammed Safar Alhuthali, Anas Abdulaziz Zard, Faisal Maqbol Alhuthali, and Fahad Hamed Alsuwayidi. "Assessment of infant feeding methods and factors influencing it in Makkah region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 157-164. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605719300


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Goweda, Reda Abdelmoaty, Ibrahim Jameel Alharbi, Mohammed Safar Alhuthali, Anas Abdulaziz Zard, Faisal Maqbol Alhuthali, and Fahad Hamed Alsuwayidi. "Assessment of infant feeding methods and factors influencing it in Makkah region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.1 (2021), 157-164. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605719300


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Goweda, R. A., Alharbi, . I. J., Alhuthali, . M. S., Zard, . A. A., Alhuthali, . F. M. & Alsuwayidi, . F. H. (2021) Assessment of infant feeding methods and factors influencing it in Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 157-164. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605719300


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