Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 891-898

Public awareness, knowledge, and misconception of IV Contrast and their risk in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

Authors: Yahea Alzahrani, Seham Hassan Almalki, Shahad Khalid Alhomaiani, Tasneem Hassan Elsayed, Abdullah Hassan Almalki.

ABSTRACT

Background: Intravenous contrast plays a significant role in the radiographic examination for different radiological modalities. It can result in more accurate and precise diagnoses compared to non-contrast examination. However, many patients refuse to undergo a radiographic examination with contrast due to some misconceptions or myths about intravenous contrasts. Accordingly, the awareness of the public toward using intravenous contrast is essential. The objective of the study was to explore the public awareness of intravenous contrast and its risks in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A self-administered structured questionnaire was distributed online during May and June 2020, which included questions on socio-demographic data of the responders, assessment of knowledge about intravenous contrast, and reasons for refusing the administration of contrast. Data analysis was executed through SPSS program version 26. Results: A total of 9,912 responders participated in this study. The average age was 30.37 10.1 years old. The most prevalent medical condition was asthma in 6.2%, and only 20.2% had allergies. Among the participants, 13.2% thought their knowledge was sufficient, while 45.7% did not know about it, where 17.5% got their information from the radiology doctor. As for previous investigations, 3.5% refused to undergo the investigation when they were asked to do so because of being afraid of the side effects. Of those who had an examination (8%), 79.9% had side effects after the IV contrast. Females (p-value = 0.001), Saudi residents (p-value < 0.001), living in Eastern area (p-value < 0.001), having no medical conditions (p-value < 0.001), not having any radiographic investigation with contrast, and getting information from doctors (p-value < 0.001), all were factors for significantly better level of knowledge about IV contrasts. However, there was non-significant correlation between gender and knowledge (p-value = 0.084). Conclusion: The awareness and knowledge of the Saudi public about IV contrasts are insufficient. It is recommended to improve knowledge through awareness campaigns and measuring the difference in knowledge before and after these campaigns.

Keywords:
Intravenous contrast, risk, awareness, knowledge, and misconception.


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Public awareness, knowledge, and misconception of IV Contrast and their risk in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study


Authors
Yahea Alzahrani
Associate Professor of Radiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Seham Hassan Almalki
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Shahad Khalid Alhomaiani
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Tasneem Hassan Elsayed
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Abdullah Hassan Almalki
College of Medicine, Albaha University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Tasneem Elsayed, Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.; Tasneem.elsayed197@yahoo.com

Publication history
Received 27 Jan 2021
Accepted 01 Feb 2021
Published online 22 Feb 2021
Published in print 04 Mar 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alzahrani Y, Almalki SH, Alhomaiani SK, Elsayed TH, Almalki AH. Public awareness, knowledge, and misconception of IV Contrast and their risk in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 891-898. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1611765788


Web Style

Alzahrani Y, Almalki SH, Alhomaiani SK, Elsayed TH, Almalki AH. Public awareness, knowledge, and misconception of IV Contrast and their risk in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=49811 [Access: April 22, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1611765788


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alzahrani Y, Almalki SH, Alhomaiani SK, Elsayed TH, Almalki AH. Public awareness, knowledge, and misconception of IV Contrast and their risk in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 891-898. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1611765788


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alzahrani Y, Almalki SH, Alhomaiani SK, Elsayed TH, Almalki AH. Public awareness, knowledge, and misconception of IV Contrast and their risk in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2021), [cited April 22, 2021]; 5(3): 891-898. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1611765788


Harvard Style

Alzahrani, Y., Almalki, . S. H., Alhomaiani, . S. K., Elsayed, . T. H. & Almalki, . A. H. (2021) Public awareness, knowledge, and misconception of IV Contrast and their risk in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 5 (3), 891-898. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1611765788


Turabian Style

Alzahrani, Yahea, Seham Hassan Almalki, Shahad Khalid Alhomaiani, Tasneem Hassan Elsayed, and Abdullah Hassan Almalki. 2021. Public awareness, knowledge, and misconception of IV Contrast and their risk in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 891-898. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1611765788


Chicago Style

Alzahrani, Yahea, Seham Hassan Almalki, Shahad Khalid Alhomaiani, Tasneem Hassan Elsayed, and Abdullah Hassan Almalki. "Public awareness, knowledge, and misconception of IV Contrast and their risk in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 891-898. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1611765788


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alzahrani, Yahea, Seham Hassan Almalki, Shahad Khalid Alhomaiani, Tasneem Hassan Elsayed, and Abdullah Hassan Almalki. "Public awareness, knowledge, and misconception of IV Contrast and their risk in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.3 (2021), 891-898. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1611765788


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alzahrani, Y., Almalki, . S. H., Alhomaiani, . S. K., Elsayed, . T. H. & Almalki, . A. H. (2021) Public awareness, knowledge, and misconception of IV Contrast and their risk in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 891-898. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1611765788


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