Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 876-884

Public awareness towards depression in Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Nashmi Salom Aletesh, Sultan Abdulrahman Alamrani, Osama Hamza Alshreef, Ziyad Mohammed Alsharif, Mujahed Mohammed Alshehri, Hajar Mohammad Nasser Falah, Rose Mahmood Ali, Yara Nashmi Al-Etesh, Shahd Saud Faleh Almubarak.

ABSTRACT

Background: Depression is a common illness worldwide, affecting about 10% of the population with more than 264 million people being globally affected. Thereby, this study aimed to assess the public awareness towards depression in Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia, and to explore the relationship between the level of awareness and different socio-demographic factors. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among the general public of Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia, during the time period of December 2020 to January 2021. The estimated sample size was 384 and was adjusted to 422 to compensate for the 10% non-response rate. The study was conducted using an online self-administered questionnaire via Google Form. Results: Out of the total 425 participants, 56.2% were males. The most commonly reported source of information towards depression in Al- jouf area was social media (58.6%). In addition, 16.7% of participants had a history of diagnosis with depression. The participants who correctly answered 75% of the awareness questions were 26.4%. The majority of the participants (96.2%) knew at least one symptom of depression. Almost 62.4% of participants knew that females are more susceptible to depression, 75.3% agreed it could affect children and young adults, and 76.5% thought that a person who faces difficult situations is more susceptible to depression. The most commonly reported barriers that prevent depressed patients from seeking help was the stigma of psychiatric illness (37.4%). Conclusion: The general population in Al-Jouf has a moderate-to-low level of awareness towards depression, and still, there is a high level of stigma associated with depression and the practice of seeking medical treatment. So more campaigns for improvement public awareness toward depression are needed.

Keywords:
Depression, awareness, public, Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia.


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Public awareness towards depression in Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Nashmi Salom Aletesh
Family Medicine Specialist, Department of Family medicine, Al jouf Post-Graduate Family Medicine Program, Al jouf, Saudi Arabia
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Sultan Abdulrahman Alamrani
Medical Student, Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
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Osama Hamza Alshreef
General Practitioner at Medical Services in Ministry of Interior, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Ziyad Mohammed Alsharif
Medical Intern, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Mujahed Mohammed Alshehri
Medical Intern, Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Hajar Mohammad Nasser Falah
Medical Intern, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
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Rose Mahmood Ali
Medical Intern, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Yara Nashmi Al-Etesh
Medical Intern, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria
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Shahd Saud Faleh Almubarak
Medical Intern, Al Jouf university, Al Jouf, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Nashmi Salom Aletesh, Family Medicine Specialist, Department of Family medicine, Al jouf Post-Graduate Family Medicine Program, Al jouf, Saudi Arabia.; ns2006@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 18 Jan 2021
Accepted 29 Jan 2021
Published online 08 Feb 2021
Published in print 04 Mar 2021

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Pubmed Style

Aletesh NS, Alamrani SA, Alshreef OH, Alsharif ZM, Alshehri MM, Falah HMN, Ali RM, Al-Etesh YN, Almubarak SSF. Public awareness towards depression in Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 876-884. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610991870


Web Style

Aletesh NS, Alamrani SA, Alshreef OH, Alsharif ZM, Alshehri MM, Falah HMN, Ali RM, Al-Etesh YN, Almubarak SSF. Public awareness towards depression in Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=46397 [Access: April 22, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610991870


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Aletesh NS, Alamrani SA, Alshreef OH, Alsharif ZM, Alshehri MM, Falah HMN, Ali RM, Al-Etesh YN, Almubarak SSF. Public awareness towards depression in Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 876-884. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610991870


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Aletesh NS, Alamrani SA, Alshreef OH, Alsharif ZM, Alshehri MM, Falah HMN, Ali RM, Al-Etesh YN, Almubarak SSF. Public awareness towards depression in Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited April 22, 2021]; 5(3): 876-884. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610991870


Harvard Style

Aletesh, N. S., Alamrani, . S. A., Alshreef, . O. H., Alsharif, . Z. M., Alshehri, . M. M., Falah, . H. M. N., Ali, . R. M., Al-Etesh, . Y. N. & Almubarak, . S. S. F. (2021) Public awareness towards depression in Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (3), 876-884. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610991870


Turabian Style

Aletesh, Nashmi Salom, Sultan Abdulrahman Alamrani, Osama Hamza Alshreef, Ziyad Mohammed Alsharif, Mujahed Mohammed Alshehri, Hajar Mohammad Nasser Falah, Rose Mahmood Ali, Yara Nashmi Al-Etesh, and Shahd Saud Faleh Almubarak. 2021. Public awareness towards depression in Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 876-884. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610991870


Chicago Style

Aletesh, Nashmi Salom, Sultan Abdulrahman Alamrani, Osama Hamza Alshreef, Ziyad Mohammed Alsharif, Mujahed Mohammed Alshehri, Hajar Mohammad Nasser Falah, Rose Mahmood Ali, Yara Nashmi Al-Etesh, and Shahd Saud Faleh Almubarak. "Public awareness towards depression in Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 876-884. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610991870


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Aletesh, Nashmi Salom, Sultan Abdulrahman Alamrani, Osama Hamza Alshreef, Ziyad Mohammed Alsharif, Mujahed Mohammed Alshehri, Hajar Mohammad Nasser Falah, Rose Mahmood Ali, Yara Nashmi Al-Etesh, and Shahd Saud Faleh Almubarak. "Public awareness towards depression in Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.3 (2021), 876-884. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610991870


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Aletesh, N. S., Alamrani, . S. A., Alshreef, . O. H., Alsharif, . Z. M., Alshehri, . M. M., Falah, . H. M. N., Ali, . R. M., Al-Etesh, . Y. N. & Almubarak, . S. S. F. (2021) Public awareness towards depression in Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 876-884. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610991870


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