Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(4): 999-1006

Routine childhood immunization status in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic: cross-sectional study

Authors: Alanoud Zaid Aljarbou, Nadeef Jafar Alqahtani, Amani Abdulrahman Abu-Alnaja, Abdulaziz Safar Alshahrani, Abdulaziz Abdulrahman Aldayel, Nouf Mohamed Alzawahmah, Hesham Sameh Abozaid, Leen Jafar Alqahtani.

ABSTRACT

Background: The rapidly ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic worldwide is adversely affecting the population, and all health services, hospital visits, and regular check-ups, or even routine childhood immunization programs were disrupted and were not able to commence. The present study aimed at evaluating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on childhood immunization status, aiming to increase the awareness of the importance of vaccination to prevent the outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases. Methodology: In this cross-sectional study, 548 participants were included and selected via convenience sampling. This study’s desired population was parents ≥18 years old who are caring for children their age limit within the routine childhood immunization in Saudi Arabia. Data were collected using a tailored questionnaire. Results: 75.5% of the participants were aware of the Ministry of Health’s recommendation not to delay children vaccination during the COVID-19 pandemic, 41.4% of the participants said that the COVID-19 pandemic affected their children vaccination schedule. 15% reported a delay in the vaccination without rescheduling it and 24.3% reported a delay but they have been rescheduled, 2.1% canceled the rest of their children’s vaccination, and 42.3% attributed the delay of immunization to avoid catching COVID-19. Also, we found that the most affected age group was children at 21.2 months. The following factors were significantly associated with lower childhood vaccination rates: fathers with intermediate school education, fathers with high school education, and being a student. Conclusion: Our findings in this study showed that more than one-third of the participants had been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic regarding their children’s vaccination schedule; the impact presented as delaying or canceling the vaccination.

Keywords:
Routine immunization, children, vaccination, COVID-19


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Routine childhood immunization status in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic: cross-sectional study


Authors
Alanoud Zaid Aljarbou
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nadeef Jafar Alqahtani
Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amani Abdulrahman Abu-Alnaja
Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulaziz Safar Alshahrani
Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulaziz Abdulrahman Aldayel
Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nouf Mohamed Alzawahmah
Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hesham Sameh Abozaid
Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Leen Jafar Alqahtani
Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Abdulaziz Safar Alshahrani, Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; abdulaziz17@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 15 Jan 2021
Accepted 11 Feb 2021
Published online 11 Feb 2021
Published in print 05 Apr 2021

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Pubmed Style

Aljarbou AZ, Alqahtani NJ, Abu-Alnaja AA, Alshahrani AS, Aldayel AA, Alzawahmah NM, Abozaid HS, Alqahtani LJ. Routine childhood immunization status in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic: cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2021; 5(4): 999-1006. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610732779


Web Style

Aljarbou AZ, Alqahtani NJ, Abu-Alnaja AA, Alshahrani AS, Aldayel AA, Alzawahmah NM, Abozaid HS, Alqahtani LJ. Routine childhood immunization status in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic: cross-sectional study. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=45114 [Access: May 08, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610732779


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Aljarbou AZ, Alqahtani NJ, Abu-Alnaja AA, Alshahrani AS, Aldayel AA, Alzawahmah NM, Abozaid HS, Alqahtani LJ. Routine childhood immunization status in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic: cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2021; 5(4): 999-1006. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610732779


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Aljarbou AZ, Alqahtani NJ, Abu-Alnaja AA, Alshahrani AS, Aldayel AA, Alzawahmah NM, Abozaid HS, Alqahtani LJ. Routine childhood immunization status in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic: cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2021), [cited May 08, 2021]; 5(4): 999-1006. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610732779


Harvard Style

Aljarbou, A. Z., Alqahtani, . N. J., Abu-Alnaja, . A. A., Alshahrani, . A. S., Aldayel, . A. A., Alzawahmah, . N. M., Abozaid, . H. S. & Alqahtani, . L. J. (2021) Routine childhood immunization status in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic: cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 5 (4), 999-1006. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610732779


Turabian Style

Aljarbou, Alanoud Zaid, Nadeef Jafar Alqahtani, Amani Abdulrahman Abu-Alnaja, Abdulaziz Safar Alshahrani, Abdulaziz Abdulrahman Aldayel, Nouf Mohamed Alzawahmah, Hesham Sameh Abozaid, and Leen Jafar Alqahtani. 2021. Routine childhood immunization status in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic: cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (4), 999-1006. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610732779


Chicago Style

Aljarbou, Alanoud Zaid, Nadeef Jafar Alqahtani, Amani Abdulrahman Abu-Alnaja, Abdulaziz Safar Alshahrani, Abdulaziz Abdulrahman Aldayel, Nouf Mohamed Alzawahmah, Hesham Sameh Abozaid, and Leen Jafar Alqahtani. "Routine childhood immunization status in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic: cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 999-1006. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610732779


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Aljarbou, Alanoud Zaid, Nadeef Jafar Alqahtani, Amani Abdulrahman Abu-Alnaja, Abdulaziz Safar Alshahrani, Abdulaziz Abdulrahman Aldayel, Nouf Mohamed Alzawahmah, Hesham Sameh Abozaid, and Leen Jafar Alqahtani. "Routine childhood immunization status in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic: cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.4 (2021), 999-1006. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610732779


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Aljarbou, A. Z., Alqahtani, . N. J., Abu-Alnaja, . A. A., Alshahrani, . A. S., Aldayel, . A. A., Alzawahmah, . N. M., Abozaid, . H. S. & Alqahtani, . L. J. (2021) Routine childhood immunization status in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic: cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (4), 999-1006. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610732779


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