Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1912-1917

COVID-19 pandemic effects on diabetic patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Abdulrahman Abdulmhsen Alshaikh, Maisa Mohammed Abdullah Mallawi, Shahad Yousef Abdulhamed Aljuhani, Rawan Yaqob Ibrahim Mohammed Kareem Alkhotani, Nesrin Mazi Awad Aljohani, Doaa Ahmed Aljehani, Lena Mohammed Jalal Alsayyad, Rawan Ahmed Abdullah Alghamdi, Albatool Mohammed Abdullah Baz, Maha Hamied Atyan Alsayed, Rasha Abdulaziz Alluhaybi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a recently emerged global catastrophe costing thousands of lives and making millions of people sick all over the world. This study aimed to assess the COVID-19 effects on diabetic patients and to explore its effects on follow-up visits, medication refills, and psychological impacts on diabetic adults and adolescent patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: In this cross-sectional study, 234 adult/adolescent male and female diabetic patients, with Saudi or non-Saudi residency, were randomly enrolled. A pre-tested questionnaire was used for data collection in 2020. Results: Majority of the participants were female (67.9%), and in the age group of 46-65 years (59%). About 53.4% of the participants reported that they had received guidance about self-management of diabetes from governmental or nongovernmental organizations during the COVID-19 lockdown and the major source of guidance was physicians (70.5%). Only 49.6% of the participants monitored their blood glucose regularly during the lockdown, once or twice per day (44.8%, 28.4%, respectively) and 70.5% did not face any difficulties in finding the monitoring accessories. Regarding the impact of the lockdown on the follow-up visits, 152 participants (65%) pre-scheduled their follow-up visits with their physicians. Of the total participants, 57.7% feared that they would contract COVID-19 infection more than non-diabetic people and 23.5% reported disturbances in their sleep cycles that happened many times. Conclusion: Many patients reported a change in their lifestyle and eating habits, which may predispose them to difficulties in their glycemic control.

Keywords:
COVID-19, COVID-19 pandemic, diabetic patients, diabetes


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COVID-19 pandemic effects on diabetic patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Abdulrahman Abdulmhsen Alshaikh
Professor of Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Medical consultant and Endocrinologist at King Abdulaziz University Hospital and Fakeeh Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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Maisa Mohammed Abdullah Mallawi
Medical intern, Ibn Sina National collage, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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Shahad Yousef Abdulhamed Aljuhani
Medical intern, Ibn Sina National Collage, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rawan Yaqob Ibrahim Mohammed Kareem Alkhotani
Medical intern, Ibn Sina National collage, Jeddah, Saudi ArabiaC
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nesrin Mazi Awad Aljohani
Medical intern, Ibn Sina National Collage, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Doaa Ahmed Aljehani
Medical intern, Ibn Sina National Collage, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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Lena Mohammed Jalal Alsayyad
Medical intern, Ibn Sina National Collage, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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Rawan Ahmed Abdullah Alghamdi
Medical intern, Ibn Sina National Collage, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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Albatool Mohammed Abdullah Baz
Medical intern, Ibn Sina National Collage, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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Maha Hamied Atyan Alsayed
Medical intern, Ibn Sina National Collage, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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Rasha Abdulaziz Alluhaybi
Research supervisor, Supervisor of Hematology at King Fahd General Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Abdulrahman Abdulmhsen Alshaikh, Professor of Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Medical consultant and Endocrinologist at King Abdulaziz University Hospital and Fakeeh Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.; Drsh1409@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 01 Oct 2020
Accepted 19 Oct 2020
Published online 27 Oct 2020
Published in print 05 Nov 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alshaikh AA, Mallawi MMA, Aljuhani SYA, , Aljohani NMA, Aljehani DA, Alsayyad LMJ, Alghamdi RAA, Baz AMA, Alsayed MHA, Alluhaybi RA. COVID-19 pandemic effects on diabetic patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1912-1917. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601567409


Web Style

Alshaikh AA, Mallawi MMA, Aljuhani SYA, , Aljohani NMA, Aljehani DA, Alsayyad LMJ, Alghamdi RAA, Baz AMA, Alsayed MHA, Alluhaybi RA. COVID-19 pandemic effects on diabetic patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=3867 [Access: January 24, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601567409


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alshaikh AA, Mallawi MMA, Aljuhani SYA, , Aljohani NMA, Aljehani DA, Alsayyad LMJ, Alghamdi RAA, Baz AMA, Alsayed MHA, Alluhaybi RA. COVID-19 pandemic effects on diabetic patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1912-1917. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601567409


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alshaikh AA, Mallawi MMA, Aljuhani SYA, , Aljohani NMA, Aljehani DA, Alsayyad LMJ, Alghamdi RAA, Baz AMA, Alsayed MHA, Alluhaybi RA. COVID-19 pandemic effects on diabetic patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited January 24, 2021]; 4(11): 1912-1917. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601567409


Harvard Style

Alshaikh, A. A., Mallawi, . M. M. A., Aljuhani, . S. Y. A., , Aljohani, . N. M. A., Aljehani, . D. A., Alsayyad, . L. M. J., Alghamdi, . R. A. A., Baz, . A. M. A., Alsayed, . M. H. A. & Alluhaybi, . R. A. (2020) COVID-19 pandemic effects on diabetic patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (11), 1912-1917. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601567409


Turabian Style

Alshaikh, Abdulrahman Abdulmhsen, Maisa Mohammed Abdullah Mallawi, Shahad Yousef Abdulhamed Aljuhani, Rawan Yaqob Ibrahim Mohammed Kareem Alkhotani, Nesrin Mazi Awad Aljohani, Doaa Ahmed Aljehani, Lena Mohammed Jalal Alsayyad, Rawan Ahmed Abdullah Alghamdi, Albatool Mohammed Abdullah Baz, Maha Hamied Atyan Alsayed, and Rasha Abdulaziz Alluhaybi. 2020. COVID-19 pandemic effects on diabetic patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1912-1917. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601567409


Chicago Style

Alshaikh, Abdulrahman Abdulmhsen, Maisa Mohammed Abdullah Mallawi, Shahad Yousef Abdulhamed Aljuhani, Rawan Yaqob Ibrahim Mohammed Kareem Alkhotani, Nesrin Mazi Awad Aljohani, Doaa Ahmed Aljehani, Lena Mohammed Jalal Alsayyad, Rawan Ahmed Abdullah Alghamdi, Albatool Mohammed Abdullah Baz, Maha Hamied Atyan Alsayed, and Rasha Abdulaziz Alluhaybi. "COVID-19 pandemic effects on diabetic patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1912-1917. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601567409


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alshaikh, Abdulrahman Abdulmhsen, Maisa Mohammed Abdullah Mallawi, Shahad Yousef Abdulhamed Aljuhani, Rawan Yaqob Ibrahim Mohammed Kareem Alkhotani, Nesrin Mazi Awad Aljohani, Doaa Ahmed Aljehani, Lena Mohammed Jalal Alsayyad, Rawan Ahmed Abdullah Alghamdi, Albatool Mohammed Abdullah Baz, Maha Hamied Atyan Alsayed, and Rasha Abdulaziz Alluhaybi. "COVID-19 pandemic effects on diabetic patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.11 (2020), 1912-1917. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601567409


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alshaikh, A. A., Mallawi, . M. M. A., Aljuhani, . S. Y. A., , Aljohani, . N. M. A., Aljehani, . D. A., Alsayyad, . L. M. J., Alghamdi, . R. A. A., Baz, . A. M. A., Alsayed, . M. H. A. & Alluhaybi, . R. A. (2020) COVID-19 pandemic effects on diabetic patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1912-1917. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601567409


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