Original Article

Knowledge, attitude, and practice of foot care in patients with diabetes in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Abdulhfeez Yousef Kelantan, Ali Ahmed Jumah, Bandar Ayidh Alshalawi, Mohammed Abdulwakil Alsulami, Ahmad Tawfiq Almaghrabi, Sultan Azizullah Alsulami.

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetic foot syndrome is one of the prevalent preventable complications of Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Foot complications in diabetes patient could affect their quality of life quality, increase morbidity and accelerate mortality. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends a comprehensive foot examination once per year for diabetic patients. Proper care of the foot in diabetic patients could prevent and delay severe foot complications. The primary objective of the study was to analyze the knowledge, attitude, and practice of foot care in patients with DM in a central rural area of Saudi Arabia. Methodology: This study was conducted in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia including 400 patients who had type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The subjects were evaluated for their knowledge about foot care and footwear practices. A structured and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. Results: The present study found that 97.75% of the patients had awareness of the disease, and 94.25% were aware of the complications of the DM. In 25% of the patients, foot care examination and education regarding foot complications were not suggested by their treating physicians. Further, 47% of the patients did was not having any awareness regarding the annual examination of feet by the physician and self-examination available for diabetic patients. Conclusion: Awareness of diabetes mellitus and its complications such as diabetic foot care is very essential for diabetic patients. Specific educational strategies should be established for both the consultant physician and the general population to create awareness for effective foot care.

Keywords:
Attitude, diabetes, foot care, knowledge, practice


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Knowledge, attitude, and practice of foot care in patients with diabetes in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Abdulhfeez Yousef Kelantan
King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ali Ahmed Jumah
King AKing Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Bandar Ayidh Alshalawi
King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Abdulwakil Alsulami
King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ahmad Tawfiq Almaghrabi
King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sultan Azizullah Alsulami
bdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, Saudi Arabia; a.y.kelantan@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 06 Feb 2019
Accepted 09 Feb 2019
Published online 09 Feb 2019

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Pubmed Style

Kelantan AY, Jumah AA, Alshalawi BA, Alsulami MA, Almaghrabi AT, Alsulami SA. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of foot care in patients with diabetes in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. Online First: 09 Feb, 2019. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549451400


Web Style

Kelantan AY, Jumah AA, Alshalawi BA, Alsulami MA, Almaghrabi AT, Alsulami SA. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of foot care in patients with diabetes in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=30014 [Access: August 18, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549451400


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kelantan AY, Jumah AA, Alshalawi BA, Alsulami MA, Almaghrabi AT, Alsulami SA. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of foot care in patients with diabetes in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. Online First: 09 Feb, 2019. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549451400


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kelantan AY, Jumah AA, Alshalawi BA, Alsulami MA, Almaghrabi AT, Alsulami SA. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of foot care in patients with diabetes in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, [cited August 18, 2022]; Online First: 09 Feb, 2019. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549451400


Harvard Style

Kelantan, A. Y., Jumah, . A. A., Alshalawi, . B. A., Alsulami, . M. A., Almaghrabi, . A. T. & Alsulami, . S. A. (2019) Knowledge, attitude, and practice of foot care in patients with diabetes in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, Online First: 09 Feb, 2019. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549451400


Turabian Style

Kelantan, Abdulhfeez Yousef, Ali Ahmed Jumah, Bandar Ayidh Alshalawi, Mohammed Abdulwakil Alsulami, Ahmad Tawfiq Almaghrabi, and Sultan Azizullah Alsulami. 2019. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of foot care in patients with diabetes in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, Online First: 09 Feb, 2019. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549451400


Chicago Style

Kelantan, Abdulhfeez Yousef, Ali Ahmed Jumah, Bandar Ayidh Alshalawi, Mohammed Abdulwakil Alsulami, Ahmad Tawfiq Almaghrabi, and Sultan Azizullah Alsulami. "Knowledge, attitude, and practice of foot care in patients with diabetes in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries Online First: 09 Feb, 2019. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549451400


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kelantan, Abdulhfeez Yousef, Ali Ahmed Jumah, Bandar Ayidh Alshalawi, Mohammed Abdulwakil Alsulami, Ahmad Tawfiq Almaghrabi, and Sultan Azizullah Alsulami. "Knowledge, attitude, and practice of foot care in patients with diabetes in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries Online First: 09 Feb, 2019. Web. 18 Aug 2022 doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549451400


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kelantan, A. Y., Jumah, . A. A., Alshalawi, . B. A., Alsulami, . M. A., Almaghrabi, . A. T. & Alsulami, . S. A. (2019) Knowledge, attitude, and practice of foot care in patients with diabetes in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, Online First: 09 Feb, 2019. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549451400


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