Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 261-266

The level of knowledge about primary immunodeficiency diseases among medical students in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Nawaf Abdullah Alghamdi, Abdulrahman Alajlan, Nawaf Almuzaini, Fatmah Othman, Fayhan Al Roqi, Hamad Alkhalaf.

ABSTRACT

Background: Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs) are monogenic disorders that affect the immune system and increase the susceptibility to infections. The lack of knowledge about PIDs is the main cause of the delayed diagnosis that leads to subsequent increments in morbidity and mortality. Thereby, this study aimed to evaluate the knowledge about PIDs in medical students in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted by recruiting university undergraduate students (3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th-year medical students) from four universities in Riyadh, from February to March 2020. A questionnaire was distributed to the participants through mediators in each university. Results: A total of 387 students participated in the study. The majority (69%) was 21-23 years old and a little more than half were female (52%). The students’ knowledge score ranged from 3 to 33, with a mean of 14.1±5.6. The sample was classified based on the level of knowledge into two groups: below-average group and average/above-average group with a cut-off point of 60% of the total score. The majority (83%, n = 322) was in the below-average group, while 17% (n = 65) were in the average/above-average group. The number of average/above-average knowledge participants was highest among the 6th-year students as compared to the other academic years (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The results indicated a lack of knowledge about PIDs among medical students. PIDs should be emphasized more in medical education.

Keywords:
Knowledge, immunodeficiency, medical students, Riyadh


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The level of knowledge about primary immunodeficiency diseases among medical students in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Nawaf Abdullah Alghamdi
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulrahman Alajlan
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nawaf Almuzaini
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Fatmah Othman
College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Fayhan Al Roqi
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hamad Alkhalaf
King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Hamad Alkhalaf, Department of Pediatrics, King Abdullah Specialized Children’s Hospital, Ministry of the National Guard - Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; khalafha@ngha.med.sa

Publication history
Received 06 Dec 2020
Accepted 15 Dec 2020
Published online 23 Dec 2020
Published in print 11 Jan 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alghamdi NA, Alajlan A, Almuzaini N, Othman F, Roqi FA, Alkhalaf H. The level of knowledge about primary immunodeficiency diseases among medical students in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 261-266. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607186256


Web Style

Alghamdi NA, Alajlan A, Almuzaini N, Othman F, Roqi FA, Alkhalaf H. The level of knowledge about primary immunodeficiency diseases among medical students in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=21933 [Access: February 25, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607186256


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alghamdi NA, Alajlan A, Almuzaini N, Othman F, Roqi FA, Alkhalaf H. The level of knowledge about primary immunodeficiency diseases among medical students in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 261-266. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607186256


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alghamdi NA, Alajlan A, Almuzaini N, Othman F, Roqi FA, Alkhalaf H. The level of knowledge about primary immunodeficiency diseases among medical students in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited February 25, 2021]; 5(1): 261-266. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607186256


Harvard Style

Alghamdi, N. A., Alajlan, . A., Almuzaini, . N., Othman, . F., Roqi, . F. A. & Alkhalaf, . H. (2021) The level of knowledge about primary immunodeficiency diseases among medical students in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (1), 261-266. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607186256


Turabian Style

Alghamdi, Nawaf Abdullah, Abdulrahman Alajlan, Nawaf Almuzaini, Fatmah Othman, Fayhan Al Roqi, and Hamad Alkhalaf. 2021. The level of knowledge about primary immunodeficiency diseases among medical students in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 261-266. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607186256


Chicago Style

Alghamdi, Nawaf Abdullah, Abdulrahman Alajlan, Nawaf Almuzaini, Fatmah Othman, Fayhan Al Roqi, and Hamad Alkhalaf. "The level of knowledge about primary immunodeficiency diseases among medical students in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 261-266. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607186256


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alghamdi, Nawaf Abdullah, Abdulrahman Alajlan, Nawaf Almuzaini, Fatmah Othman, Fayhan Al Roqi, and Hamad Alkhalaf. "The level of knowledge about primary immunodeficiency diseases among medical students in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.1 (2021), 261-266. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607186256


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alghamdi, N. A., Alajlan, . A., Almuzaini, . N., Othman, . F., Roqi, . F. A. & Alkhalaf, . H. (2021) The level of knowledge about primary immunodeficiency diseases among medical students in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 261-266. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607186256


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