Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(4): 329-334

Hypertension and associated morbidity in Saudi Arabia; a cross-sectional study

Authors: Heba Yaser Ali Alsaghah, Mariyah Jaffer Mohammed Alkhabbaz, Noor Abbas Mohammed AlAithan, Manal Mohammed Siraj Uddin; Safiah Abbas Ali Alramadan, Ohood Ahmed Taher Albahrani, Maha Salem Ghali Albalawi, Roya Ahmed Hamed Akef, Amal Mohammed Hamad Alessa, Sara Bahjat Jamal Almadani.

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypertension is a major public health problem due to its high prevalence all around the globe. It is well established that hypertension and obesity are nearly related, and a higher commonness of hypertension happens in the fat contrasted with their non-stout partner. The main objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of hypertension and its relation to body mass index (BMI) among Saudi Nationals in Saudi Arabia and to examine the association between hypertension and other chronic diseases in the studied population. Methodology: A cross-sectional study carried out on Saudi Nationals, Saudi Arabia during the period from 1 March to 30 June 2018, the samples included of both sex aged between 6 - 65 years. Data collected using a pre-designed online questionnaire that was distributed online, on social media among participants. Data analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) program (version 22), the chi-square test was used, the p-value considered significant if less than 0.05. Results: The majority (63.5%) of the studied population aged between 21-40 years, 75.9% were females, the total prevalence of hypertension among the studied population was 8.9%. DM was found in 31.6% of hypertension cases, Hyperlipidemia in 69.5%, Atherosclerosis in 4.2%, and cerebrovascular stroke in 4.2%. Most (78.9%) of cases were on medical treatment of hypertension, but 62.1% only follow the physician instructions. Only 51.6% of cases used one drug, 21.1% used two drugs, 6.4% used three drugs and dietary and herbal treatment was found in 15.7% of cases. Most (83.2%) of hypertension cases were females, 77.9%% aged 21-40 years, 25.3% had overweight, 41.1% obese and 28.4% had morbid obesity. Conclusion: In the Saudi population, the total prevalence of hypertension among the studied population was 8.9%. Female sex, increased age, diabetes mellitus (DM), overweight, obesity, and morbid obesity were significantly associated with hypertension.

Keywords:
Hypertension, associated morbidity, diabetes mellitus, overweight, obesity, morbid obesity.


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Hypertension and associated morbidity in Saudi Arabia; a cross-sectional study


Authors
Heba Yaser Ali Alsaghah
Medical Intern, Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mariyah Jaffer Mohammed Alkhabbaz
Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia-Makkah
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Noor Abbas Mohammed AlAithan
Al Maarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Manal Mohammed Siraj Uddin; Safiah Abbas Ali Alramadan
Al Maarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ohood Ahmed Taher Albahrani
GP at Jubail General Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Maha Salem Ghali Albalawi
Medical Intern, Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Roya Ahmed Hamed Akef
Tabouk University, Tabouk, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amal Mohammed Hamad Alessa
Medical intern, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sara Bahjat Jamal Almadani
Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia; heba.sagha@gmail.com

Publication history
Published online 01 Jan 1970
Received 16 Dec 2018
Accepted 30 Jan 2019
Published in print 24 Mar 2019

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Pubmed Style

Alsaghah HYA, Alkhabbaz MJM, AlAithan NAM, Uddin MMS, Alramadan SAA, Albahrani OAT, Albalawi MSG, Akef RAH, Alessa AMH, Almadani SBJ. Hypertension and associated morbidity in Saudi Arabia; a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2019; 3(4): 329-334. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545001141


Web Style

Alsaghah HYA, Alkhabbaz MJM, AlAithan NAM, Uddin MMS, Alramadan SAA, Albahrani OAT, Albalawi MSG, Akef RAH, Alessa AMH, Almadani SBJ. Hypertension and associated morbidity in Saudi Arabia; a cross-sectional study. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=21810 [Access: December 01, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545001141


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alsaghah HYA, Alkhabbaz MJM, AlAithan NAM, Uddin MMS, Alramadan SAA, Albahrani OAT, Albalawi MSG, Akef RAH, Alessa AMH, Almadani SBJ. Hypertension and associated morbidity in Saudi Arabia; a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2019; 3(4): 329-334. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545001141


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alsaghah HYA, Alkhabbaz MJM, AlAithan NAM, Uddin MMS, Alramadan SAA, Albahrani OAT, Albalawi MSG, Akef RAH, Alessa AMH, Almadani SBJ. Hypertension and associated morbidity in Saudi Arabia; a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2019), [cited December 01, 2021]; 3(4): 329-334. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545001141


Harvard Style

Alsaghah, H. Y. A., Alkhabbaz, . M. J. M., AlAithan, . N. A. M., Uddin, . M. M. S., Alramadan, . S. A. A., Albahrani, . O. A. T., Albalawi, . M. S. G., Akef, . R. A. H., Alessa, . A. M. H. & Almadani, . S. B. J. (2019) Hypertension and associated morbidity in Saudi Arabia; a cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 3 (4), 329-334. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545001141


Turabian Style

Alsaghah, Heba Yaser Ali, Mariyah Jaffer Mohammed Alkhabbaz, Noor Abbas Mohammed AlAithan, Manal Mohammed Siraj Uddin, Safiah Abbas Ali Alramadan, Ohood Ahmed Taher Albahrani, Maha Salem Ghali Albalawi, Roya Ahmed Hamed Akef, Amal Mohammed Hamad Alessa, and Sara Bahjat Jamal Almadani. 2019. Hypertension and associated morbidity in Saudi Arabia; a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (4), 329-334. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545001141


Chicago Style

Alsaghah, Heba Yaser Ali, Mariyah Jaffer Mohammed Alkhabbaz, Noor Abbas Mohammed AlAithan, Manal Mohammed Siraj Uddin, Safiah Abbas Ali Alramadan, Ohood Ahmed Taher Albahrani, Maha Salem Ghali Albalawi, Roya Ahmed Hamed Akef, Amal Mohammed Hamad Alessa, and Sara Bahjat Jamal Almadani. "Hypertension and associated morbidity in Saudi Arabia; a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 329-334. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545001141


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alsaghah, Heba Yaser Ali, Mariyah Jaffer Mohammed Alkhabbaz, Noor Abbas Mohammed AlAithan, Manal Mohammed Siraj Uddin, Safiah Abbas Ali Alramadan, Ohood Ahmed Taher Albahrani, Maha Salem Ghali Albalawi, Roya Ahmed Hamed Akef, Amal Mohammed Hamad Alessa, and Sara Bahjat Jamal Almadani. "Hypertension and associated morbidity in Saudi Arabia; a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.4 (2019), 329-334. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545001141


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alsaghah, H. Y. A., Alkhabbaz, . M. J. M., AlAithan, . N. A. M., Uddin, . M. M. S., Alramadan, . S. A. A., Albahrani, . O. A. T., Albalawi, . M. S. G., Akef, . R. A. H., Alessa, . A. M. H. & Almadani, . S. B. J. (2019) Hypertension and associated morbidity in Saudi Arabia; a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (4), 329-334. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545001141


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