Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 249-254

Exploration of Saudi's general population's awareness about paracetamol (acetaminophen) overuse headache: a cross-sectional inquiry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Basim Alharbi, Irfan Anjum, Ali Altasan, Mohammed Alhussain, Hussain Alshammasi, Abdulaziz Alfunaysan, Emad Masudi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Medication overuse headache is a secondary aggravating headache that is caused as a result of continuous overuse of abortive treatment for other pre-existing primary headaches. Overuse of simple analgesics, including paracetamol, could lead to medication overuse headache. Therefore, this study aimed to measure the community awareness toward paracetamol overuse headache. Methodology: It was a cross-sectional study conducted through an Arabic printed self-administered questionnaire across the whole of Riyadh city. The questionnaire consisted of questions related to demographic data, chronic headache, and medication. The assessment of participantsí awareness was conducted by listing the side effects as multiple choices including chronic headache. Results: A total of 323 participants were recruited, of which 118 (36.5%) reported of chronic headache. The use of paracetamol to relieve headache was reported by 228 (71.3%) participants. Being male increased the chances of using paracetamol by 93%; the age group between 31 and 40 years showed a significant effect and had less than 61% chance of using paracetamol. Almost 87.6% of the participants failed to recognize chronic headache as a side effect of using paracetamol. Conclusion: The current study showed a lack of Saudi community awareness toward paracetamol overuse headache, which indicated the importance of raising awareness.

Keywords:
Awareness, medication overuse headache, headache, paracetamol, MOH


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Exploration of Saudi's general population's awareness about paracetamol (acetaminophen) overuse headache: a cross-sectional inquiry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Basim Alharbi
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Irfan Anjum
College of Science and Health Professions, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ali Altasan
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Alhussain
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hussain Alshammasi
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulaziz Alfunaysan
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Emad Masudi
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Irfan Anjum, College of Science and Health Professions, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; Irfan.anjum@gmmh.nhs.uk

Publication history
Received 04 Dec 2020
Accepted 18 Dec 2020
Published online 07 Jan 2021
Published in print 11 Jan 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alharbi B, Anjum I, Altasan A, Alhussain M, Alshammasi H, Alfunaysan A, Masudi E. Exploration of Saudi's general population's awareness about paracetamol (acetaminophen) overuse headache: a cross-sectional inquiry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 249-254. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607078616


Web Style

Alharbi B, Anjum I, Altasan A, Alhussain M, Alshammasi H, Alfunaysan A, Masudi E. Exploration of Saudi's general population's awareness about paracetamol (acetaminophen) overuse headache: a cross-sectional inquiry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=20758 [Access: March 07, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607078616


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alharbi B, Anjum I, Altasan A, Alhussain M, Alshammasi H, Alfunaysan A, Masudi E. Exploration of Saudi's general population's awareness about paracetamol (acetaminophen) overuse headache: a cross-sectional inquiry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 249-254. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607078616


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alharbi B, Anjum I, Altasan A, Alhussain M, Alshammasi H, Alfunaysan A, Masudi E. Exploration of Saudi's general population's awareness about paracetamol (acetaminophen) overuse headache: a cross-sectional inquiry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited March 07, 2021]; 5(1): 249-254. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607078616


Harvard Style

Alharbi, B., Anjum, . I., Altasan, . A., Alhussain, . M., Alshammasi, . H., Alfunaysan, . A. & Masudi, . E. (2021) Exploration of Saudi's general population's awareness about paracetamol (acetaminophen) overuse headache: a cross-sectional inquiry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (1), 249-254. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607078616


Turabian Style

Alharbi, Basim, Irfan Anjum, Ali Altasan, Mohammed Alhussain, Hussain Alshammasi, Abdulaziz Alfunaysan, and Emad Masudi. 2021. Exploration of Saudi's general population's awareness about paracetamol (acetaminophen) overuse headache: a cross-sectional inquiry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 249-254. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607078616


Chicago Style

Alharbi, Basim, Irfan Anjum, Ali Altasan, Mohammed Alhussain, Hussain Alshammasi, Abdulaziz Alfunaysan, and Emad Masudi. "Exploration of Saudi's general population's awareness about paracetamol (acetaminophen) overuse headache: a cross-sectional inquiry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 249-254. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607078616


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alharbi, Basim, Irfan Anjum, Ali Altasan, Mohammed Alhussain, Hussain Alshammasi, Abdulaziz Alfunaysan, and Emad Masudi. "Exploration of Saudi's general population's awareness about paracetamol (acetaminophen) overuse headache: a cross-sectional inquiry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.1 (2021), 249-254. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607078616


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alharbi, B., Anjum, . I., Altasan, . A., Alhussain, . M., Alshammasi, . H., Alfunaysan, . A. & Masudi, . E. (2021) Exploration of Saudi's general population's awareness about paracetamol (acetaminophen) overuse headache: a cross-sectional inquiry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 249-254. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607078616


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