Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 942-949

Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Rawan A. Alosaimy, Murouj A. Almaghrabi, Ahaad M. Basahal, Amjad A. Alharthi, Bashaer S. Khawandanah, Ghofran T. Zamil, Ruba O. Alansari, Amna A. Alotiby.

ABSTRACT

Background: Food allergy is a costly health issue that can have a negative impact on a patient’s well-being. The current study aims to evaluate the quality of life of patients with food allergies using the healthcare system, coping strategies, management knowledge, and environmental safety. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional, survey-based study, including patients with food allergies in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. To achieve the study’s aim, an online survey with 21-items was created and distributed between April and June 2021. Data were exported automatically to Excel onto Statistical Package for the Social Sciences for analysis. Results: A total of 90 food allergy patients were included. About two-thirds (67.8%) had anaphylaxis. The most common reported food allergies were eggs and seafood equally (44.4% for each), followed by some types of fruits (41.1%), then nuts (25.6%). Regarding using the healthcare system, (63.3%) were diagnosed with food allergy by a doctor, and only (13.3%) routinely followed up. Excellent management knowledge was detected among (65.6%) of the participants. Around a third (36.7%) have at workplace/school a certified first-aid provider for allergic food reactions. For coping strategies, the patients were open to sharing their health condition with their family and friends (88.9% and 51.1%, respectively) compared to carrying a card or a self-injection of epinephrine (1.1% for each item). Conclusion: The current study revealed excellent levels of knowledge among food-allergic patients. Nevertheless, poor practices toward the healthcare systems and inadequate environmental safety were observed. Educational projects for food-allergic patients are critical.

Keywords:
Quality of life, coping, safety, food allergy, Saudi Arabia


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Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Rawan A Alosaimy
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Murouj A Almaghrabi
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ahaad M Basahal
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amjad A Alharthi
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Bashaer S Khawandanah
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ghofran T Zamil
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ruba O Alansari
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Amna A Alotiby
Department of Haematology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Department of Haematology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.; aamogaty@uqu.edu.sa

Publication history
Received 17 Apr 2022
Accepted 25 Apr 2022
Published online 24 May 2022
Published in print 08 Jul 2022

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Pubmed Style

Alosaimy RA, Almaghrabi MA, Basahal AM, Alharthi AA, Khawandanah BS, Zamil GT, Alansari RO, Alotiby AA. Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 942-949. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401


Web Style

Alosaimy RA, Almaghrabi MA, Basahal AM, Alharthi AA, Khawandanah BS, Zamil GT, Alansari RO, Alotiby AA. Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=18479 [Access: August 18, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alosaimy RA, Almaghrabi MA, Basahal AM, Alharthi AA, Khawandanah BS, Zamil GT, Alansari RO, Alotiby AA. Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 942-949. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alosaimy RA, Almaghrabi MA, Basahal AM, Alharthi AA, Khawandanah BS, Zamil GT, Alansari RO, Alotiby AA. Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2022), [cited August 18, 2022]; 6(7): 942-949. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401


Harvard Style

Alosaimy, R. A., Almaghrabi, . M. A., Basahal, . A. M., Alharthi, . A. A., Khawandanah, . B. S., Zamil, . G. T., Alansari, . R. O. & Alotiby, . A. A. (2022) Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 6 (7), 942-949. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401


Turabian Style

Alosaimy, Rawan A., Murouj A. Almaghrabi, Ahaad M. Basahal, Amjad A. Alharthi, Bashaer S. Khawandanah, Ghofran T. Zamil, Ruba O. Alansari, and Amna A. Alotiby. 2022. Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (7), 942-949. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401


Chicago Style

Alosaimy, Rawan A., Murouj A. Almaghrabi, Ahaad M. Basahal, Amjad A. Alharthi, Bashaer S. Khawandanah, Ghofran T. Zamil, Ruba O. Alansari, and Amna A. Alotiby. "Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 942-949. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alosaimy, Rawan A., Murouj A. Almaghrabi, Ahaad M. Basahal, Amjad A. Alharthi, Bashaer S. Khawandanah, Ghofran T. Zamil, Ruba O. Alansari, and Amna A. Alotiby. "Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.7 (2022), 942-949. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alosaimy, R. A., Almaghrabi, . M. A., Basahal, . A. M., Alharthi, . A. A., Khawandanah, . B. S., Zamil, . G. T., Alansari, . R. O. & Alotiby, . A. A. (2022) Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (7), 942-949. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401


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