E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
01 / 01 / 2024

 


The association between tobacco use and depression among medical students at King Saud University

Shatha A. Alduraywish, Khalid Abdulhadi Aldossari, Naif Abdulhadi Aldossari, Meshal Khalid Alghamdi, Mohammed Alothmani, Bader Aliyyar, Omar Odeh.


Abstract
Objective:
To assess the association between tobacco use and depression among medical students.
Methods:
A cross-sectional study was performed between September, 2020 and April, 2021 using a self-administered questionnaire, distributed to 390 enrolled medical students at King Saud University. Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI) instrument was used to assess depressive symptoms. Smoking status and sociodemographic details were also documented.
Results:
Out of 390 participants, 24.4% (n = 94) participants had depressive symptoms. Based on smoking status, majority of the study participants were non-smokers (88.9%), while only (11.1%) were current smokers, and out of non-smokers, (3.5%) were former smokers (n=12). The prevalence of depressive symptoms among smokers was 30.2% (n=13). The study showed that current smokers were 1.4 times more likely to have depressive symptoms than nonsmokers, the overall Beck’s depression Inventory score for all study participants was 11. Based on this, it was categorized as mild mood disturbance. However, this association was not statistically significant (p value= 0.34). Students in the first year had the highest BDI scores, and the students in the fourth year had the lowest BDI scores.
Conclusion:
The prevalence of depressive symptoms among medical students was 24.4% (n= 94). The association between depression and smoking was not statistically significant. Further studies with larger sample size are needed to explore this association among medical students. Medical universities are encouraged to provide adequate psychosocial support for their students including culturally appropriate programs.

Key words: Association, tobacco use, depression, medical students, Saudi Arabia.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alduraywish SA, Aldossari KA, Aldossari NA, Alghamdi MK, Alothmani M, Aliyyar B, Odeh O. The association between tobacco use and depression among medical students at King Saud University. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 732-736. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703256197


Web Style

Alduraywish SA, Aldossari KA, Aldossari NA, Alghamdi MK, Alothmani M, Aliyyar B, Odeh O. The association between tobacco use and depression among medical students at King Saud University. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=182331 [Access: July 15, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703256197


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alduraywish SA, Aldossari KA, Aldossari NA, Alghamdi MK, Alothmani M, Aliyyar B, Odeh O. The association between tobacco use and depression among medical students at King Saud University. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 732-736. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703256197



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alduraywish SA, Aldossari KA, Aldossari NA, Alghamdi MK, Alothmani M, Aliyyar B, Odeh O. The association between tobacco use and depression among medical students at King Saud University. IJMDC. (2024), [cited July 15, 2024]; 8(2): 732-736. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703256197



Harvard Style

Alduraywish, S. A., Aldossari, . K. A., Aldossari, . N. A., Alghamdi, . M. K., Alothmani, . M., Aliyyar, . B. & Odeh, . O. (2024) The association between tobacco use and depression among medical students at King Saud University. IJMDC, 8 (2), 732-736. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703256197



Turabian Style

Alduraywish, Shatha A., Khalid Abdulhadi Aldossari, Naif Abdulhadi Aldossari, Meshal Khalid Alghamdi, Mohammed Alothmani, Bader Aliyyar, and Omar Odeh. 2024. The association between tobacco use and depression among medical students at King Saud University. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 732-736. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703256197



Chicago Style

Alduraywish, Shatha A., Khalid Abdulhadi Aldossari, Naif Abdulhadi Aldossari, Meshal Khalid Alghamdi, Mohammed Alothmani, Bader Aliyyar, and Omar Odeh. "The association between tobacco use and depression among medical students at King Saud University." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8 (2024), 732-736. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703256197



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alduraywish, Shatha A., Khalid Abdulhadi Aldossari, Naif Abdulhadi Aldossari, Meshal Khalid Alghamdi, Mohammed Alothmani, Bader Aliyyar, and Omar Odeh. "The association between tobacco use and depression among medical students at King Saud University." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8.2 (2024), 732-736. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703256197



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alduraywish, S. A., Aldossari, . K. A., Aldossari, . N. A., Alghamdi, . M. K., Alothmani, . M., Aliyyar, . B. & Odeh, . O. (2024) The association between tobacco use and depression among medical students at King Saud University. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 732-736. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703256197





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