E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Case Report

Online Publishing Date: 29 / 12 / 2023

 


Amyand’s hernia unveiled: a case report on perforated appendix within the inguinal hernia sac

Bandar S. Alenezi, Mohammed A. Aljasmi, Mashal Alhoseni, Atef A. Abdelrahim, Hasrath M. Nawaz.


Abstract
Background:
Acute appendicitis (AA) is still a common cause of lower abdominal pain, which frequently leads to emergency room (ER) visits. A case of perforated appendix within the inguinal hernia sac was presented.
Case presentation:
The clinical journey of a 30-year-old male patient with acute right iliac fossa pain suggestive of recurrent appendicitis was detailed in this case report. The patient's complicated medical history, which included dostinex-treated hyperprolactinemia and a previous episode of conservatively managed appendicitis in 2017, sets the stage for complex diagnostic challenges. The patient complained of acute localized tenderness and pain in the right iliac fossa, but no gastrointestinal symptoms, fever, or diarrhea were present. The admission laboratory results showed elevated white blood cells (WBC) (15.2), hemoglobin (Hb) (15.8), and platelet (PLT) (191) levels. Computed tomography scans exposed a perforated appendix within the right inguinal hernial sac surrounded by inflammatory changes. Laparoscopic appendectomy revealed a perforated appendix within the inguinal hernial sac, necessitating omental dissection and drainage. The postoperative course was uneventful, with a 7-day hospital stay and subsequent OPD follow-up. Microscopic examination confirmed acute suppurative appendicitis with periappendicitis aligning with clinical and radiological assessments.
Conclusions:
Amyand's hernia is a rare type of hernia that involves the appendix. A perforated appendix within a groin hernia is unusual and necessitates immediate source control to manage infection and prevent sepsis.

Key words: Amyand’s hernia, perforated, appendix, inguinal sac, case report.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alenezi BS, Aljasmi MA, Alhoseni M, Abdelrahim AA, Nawaz HM. Amyand’s hernia unveiled: a case report on perforated appendix within the inguinal hernia sac. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 912-916. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703018107


Web Style

Alenezi BS, Aljasmi MA, Alhoseni M, Abdelrahim AA, Nawaz HM. Amyand’s hernia unveiled: a case report on perforated appendix within the inguinal hernia sac. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=181956 [Access: February 07, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703018107


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alenezi BS, Aljasmi MA, Alhoseni M, Abdelrahim AA, Nawaz HM. Amyand’s hernia unveiled: a case report on perforated appendix within the inguinal hernia sac. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 912-916. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703018107



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alenezi BS, Aljasmi MA, Alhoseni M, Abdelrahim AA, Nawaz HM. Amyand’s hernia unveiled: a case report on perforated appendix within the inguinal hernia sac. IJMDC. (2024), [cited February 07, 2024]; 8(2): 912-916. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703018107



Harvard Style

Alenezi, B. S., Aljasmi, . M. A., Alhoseni, . M., Abdelrahim, . A. A. & Nawaz, . H. M. (2024) Amyand’s hernia unveiled: a case report on perforated appendix within the inguinal hernia sac. IJMDC, 8 (2), 912-916. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703018107



Turabian Style

Alenezi, Bandar S., Mohammed A. Aljasmi, Mashal Alhoseni, Atef A. Abdelrahim, and Hasrath M. Nawaz. 2024. Amyand’s hernia unveiled: a case report on perforated appendix within the inguinal hernia sac. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 912-916. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703018107



Chicago Style

Alenezi, Bandar S., Mohammed A. Aljasmi, Mashal Alhoseni, Atef A. Abdelrahim, and Hasrath M. Nawaz. "Amyand’s hernia unveiled: a case report on perforated appendix within the inguinal hernia sac." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8 (2024), 912-916. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703018107



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alenezi, Bandar S., Mohammed A. Aljasmi, Mashal Alhoseni, Atef A. Abdelrahim, and Hasrath M. Nawaz. "Amyand’s hernia unveiled: a case report on perforated appendix within the inguinal hernia sac." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8.2 (2024), 912-916. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703018107



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alenezi, B. S., Aljasmi, . M. A., Alhoseni, . M., Abdelrahim, . A. A. & Nawaz, . H. M. (2024) Amyand’s hernia unveiled: a case report on perforated appendix within the inguinal hernia sac. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 912-916. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703018107





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