E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
29 / 12 / 2023

 


Impact of diet and lifestyle on type-2 diabetes and its complications in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 2023

Shouq Z. AlShihab, Yara A. Alaasmi, Farah M. Alrifai, Saud A. Assiri, Ali Z. Alshihab, Bader M. Al-Rashoud, Abdulaziz A. Aljammaz, Abdulmalik A. Qasim, Arshi K. Mirza, Waqar Farooqi.


Abstract
Objective:
This study aimed to determine how diet and lifestyle choices affect type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its consequences among adult Saudi Arabians living in Riyadh.
Methods:
This was an observational and descriptive cross sectional study conducted through an interview-based questionnaire among 250 type-2 diabetic patients aged 18 years and above. The study was conducted at King Khaled University Hospital, Riyadh. The research questionnaire collected information about patient’s demographic data, signs, symptoms, and complications related to T2DM as well as evaluation of participants' diet, diabetic status, and lifestyle.
Results:
Most of the participants were males (68.4%). In terms of age distribution, the largest group consisted of individuals aged 35 to 64 years (49%) participants. Further, 46.5% patients reported being satisfied with overall health, in which 37.8% expressed a desire to be more active.
Conclusion:
The patients need more awareness about the outcomes of diabetes, importance of regular follow up for better standard health program, and adherence to both lifestyle and medications prescribed.

Key words: Diabetes, lifestyle, diet, complications, Saudi Arabia.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

AlShihab SZ, Alaasmi YA, Alrifai FM, Assiri SA, Alshihab AZ, Al-Rashoud BM, Aljammaz AA, Qasim AA, Mirza AK, Farooqi W. Impact of diet and lifestyle on type-2 diabetes and its complications in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 2023. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 706-714. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703013888


Web Style

AlShihab SZ, Alaasmi YA, Alrifai FM, Assiri SA, Alshihab AZ, Al-Rashoud BM, Aljammaz AA, Qasim AA, Mirza AK, Farooqi W. Impact of diet and lifestyle on type-2 diabetes and its complications in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 2023. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=181950 [Access: July 14, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703013888


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

AlShihab SZ, Alaasmi YA, Alrifai FM, Assiri SA, Alshihab AZ, Al-Rashoud BM, Aljammaz AA, Qasim AA, Mirza AK, Farooqi W. Impact of diet and lifestyle on type-2 diabetes and its complications in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 2023. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 706-714. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703013888



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

AlShihab SZ, Alaasmi YA, Alrifai FM, Assiri SA, Alshihab AZ, Al-Rashoud BM, Aljammaz AA, Qasim AA, Mirza AK, Farooqi W. Impact of diet and lifestyle on type-2 diabetes and its complications in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 2023. IJMDC. (2024), [cited July 14, 2024]; 8(2): 706-714. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703013888



Harvard Style

AlShihab, S. Z., Alaasmi, . Y. A., Alrifai, . F. M., Assiri, . S. A., Alshihab, . A. Z., Al-Rashoud, . B. M., Aljammaz, . A. A., Qasim, . A. A., Mirza, . A. K. & Farooqi, . W. (2024) Impact of diet and lifestyle on type-2 diabetes and its complications in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 2023. IJMDC, 8 (2), 706-714. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703013888



Turabian Style

AlShihab, Shouq Z., Yara A. Alaasmi, Farah M. Alrifai, Saud A. Assiri, Ali Z. Alshihab, Bader M. Al-Rashoud, Abdulaziz A. Aljammaz, Abdulmalik A. Qasim, Arshi K. Mirza, and Waqar Farooqi. 2024. Impact of diet and lifestyle on type-2 diabetes and its complications in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 2023. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 706-714. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703013888



Chicago Style

AlShihab, Shouq Z., Yara A. Alaasmi, Farah M. Alrifai, Saud A. Assiri, Ali Z. Alshihab, Bader M. Al-Rashoud, Abdulaziz A. Aljammaz, Abdulmalik A. Qasim, Arshi K. Mirza, and Waqar Farooqi. "Impact of diet and lifestyle on type-2 diabetes and its complications in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 2023." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8 (2024), 706-714. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703013888



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

AlShihab, Shouq Z., Yara A. Alaasmi, Farah M. Alrifai, Saud A. Assiri, Ali Z. Alshihab, Bader M. Al-Rashoud, Abdulaziz A. Aljammaz, Abdulmalik A. Qasim, Arshi K. Mirza, and Waqar Farooqi. "Impact of diet and lifestyle on type-2 diabetes and its complications in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 2023." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8.2 (2024), 706-714. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703013888



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

AlShihab, S. Z., Alaasmi, . Y. A., Alrifai, . F. M., Assiri, . S. A., Alshihab, . A. Z., Al-Rashoud, . B. M., Aljammaz, . A. A., Qasim, . A. A., Mirza, . A. K. & Farooqi, . W. (2024) Impact of diet and lifestyle on type-2 diabetes and its complications in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 2023. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 706-714. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1703013888





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