E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date: 03 / 01 / 2024

 


Prevalence and associated risk factors of STEMI and NSTEMI at NGHA Cardiac Center, Riyadh

Mohammed Balghith, Abdullah Mohammed Alsubaie, Malek Sultan Alshammari, Moayad Rajab Alzahrani, Mohammed Hassan Alawad, Sultan Mohammed Alamri, Bandar Abdulaziz Aljehaiman.


Abstract
Background:
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a global health concern, and their incidence has been on the rise in the Middle East due to lifestyle changes and risk factors. Each year, millions of people suffer from ST-elevation Myocardial infarction (STEMI) and Non-ST-elevation Myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), both of which are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and associated risk factors of STEMI and NSTEMI.
Methods:
This retrospective cross-sectional observational study investigates the associated risk factors for STEMI and NSTEMI in cardiac patients. Utilizing patient data extracted from electronic medical records (EMRs) of a tertiary care hospital's cardiac care unit, dependent variables, and independent variables were recorded.
Results:
Out of the 363 cardiac patients, gender strongly influenced diagnosis, with males more likely to have STEMI (17.2%) and females having NSTEMI (83.18%). Hypertension and hyperlipidemia were also significantly associated (95.31% HTN, 91.73% HPL). Smoking displayed no significant association. Diabetes Mellitus (DM), particularly when accompanied by obesity, was significantly associated with NSTEMI (89.70% DM with obesity). Obesity alone did not show significance. Previous PCI and CABG did not significantly predict diagnosis. Age strongly influenced diagnosis, with the 61-80 age group predominantly diagnosed with NSTEMI (55.81%).
Conclusion:
Gender, HTN, HPL, DM (especially when considering obesity), and age group appear to be strong predictors, while smoking, obesity alone, and a history of previous PCI or CABG do not have significant effects on admission diagnosis.

Key words: Acute coronary syndrome, STEMI, NSTEMI, hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, CABG, PCI.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

MB, AMA, Alshammari MS, Alzahrani MR, Alawad MH, Alamri SM, Aljehaiman BA. Prevalence and associated risk factors of STEMI and NSTEMI at NGHA Cardiac Center, Riyadh. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 560-565. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701190258


Web Style

MB, AMA, Alshammari MS, Alzahrani MR, Alawad MH, Alamri SM, Aljehaiman BA. Prevalence and associated risk factors of STEMI and NSTEMI at NGHA Cardiac Center, Riyadh. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=179156 [Access: February 07, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701190258


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

MB, AMA, Alshammari MS, Alzahrani MR, Alawad MH, Alamri SM, Aljehaiman BA. Prevalence and associated risk factors of STEMI and NSTEMI at NGHA Cardiac Center, Riyadh. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 560-565. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701190258



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

MB, AMA, Alshammari MS, Alzahrani MR, Alawad MH, Alamri SM, Aljehaiman BA. Prevalence and associated risk factors of STEMI and NSTEMI at NGHA Cardiac Center, Riyadh. IJMDC. (2024), [cited February 07, 2024]; 8(2): 560-565. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701190258



Harvard Style

, M. B., , . A. M. A., Alshammari, . M. S., Alzahrani, . M. R., Alawad, . M. H., Alamri, . S. M. & Aljehaiman, . B. A. (2024) Prevalence and associated risk factors of STEMI and NSTEMI at NGHA Cardiac Center, Riyadh. IJMDC, 8 (2), 560-565. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701190258



Turabian Style

, Mohammed Balghith, Abdullah Mohammed Alsubaie, Malek Sultan Alshammari, Moayad Rajab Alzahrani, Mohammed Hassan Alawad, Sultan Mohammed Alamri, and Bandar Abdulaziz Aljehaiman. 2024. Prevalence and associated risk factors of STEMI and NSTEMI at NGHA Cardiac Center, Riyadh. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 560-565. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701190258



Chicago Style

, Mohammed Balghith, Abdullah Mohammed Alsubaie, Malek Sultan Alshammari, Moayad Rajab Alzahrani, Mohammed Hassan Alawad, Sultan Mohammed Alamri, and Bandar Abdulaziz Aljehaiman. "Prevalence and associated risk factors of STEMI and NSTEMI at NGHA Cardiac Center, Riyadh." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8 (2024), 560-565. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701190258



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Mohammed Balghith, Abdullah Mohammed Alsubaie, Malek Sultan Alshammari, Moayad Rajab Alzahrani, Mohammed Hassan Alawad, Sultan Mohammed Alamri, and Bandar Abdulaziz Aljehaiman. "Prevalence and associated risk factors of STEMI and NSTEMI at NGHA Cardiac Center, Riyadh." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8.2 (2024), 560-565. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701190258



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, M. B., , . A. M. A., Alshammari, . M. S., Alzahrani, . M. R., Alawad, . M. H., Alamri, . S. M. & Aljehaiman, . B. A. (2024) Prevalence and associated risk factors of STEMI and NSTEMI at NGHA Cardiac Center, Riyadh. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 560-565. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701190258





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