E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
02 / 10 / 2023

 


Practice patterns of fundoscopic examination for diabetic retinopathy screening in primary care, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia

Abdullah Almaqhawi, Waad Alotaibi, Aeshah Alomair, Albandari Alotaibi, Tahani Alharbi.


Abstract
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a significant public health issue. It carries a variety of serious complications, the most prevalent of which is diabetic retinopathy.
Methods: This cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted at primary healthcare centers (PHCs). Responses were obtained using a structured, multi-point questionnaire with closed-ended questions. Informed consent and ethical approval were obtained. The data were analyzed using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences version 26.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY).
Results: Study participants comprised 103 family physicians, of whom 59.2% were male and 40.8% were female. Among them, 42.7% were practicing in rural areas. Data indicated that most participants (89.3%) had good overall knowledge regarding DM, but only 57.3% demonstrated good practice in terms of fundus examination.
Conclusion: This study indicated limitations in terms of family physicians’ pattern of fundoscopy examination in their patients with DM. Establishing an optometry clinic within each PHC might be a reasonable solution to this problem.

Key words: Diabetic Retinopathy, Family physicians, Fundoscopic examination, Diabetes Mellitus patients, practice patterns.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Almaqhawi A, Alotaibi W, Alomair A, Alotaibi A, Alharbi T. Practice patterns of fundoscopic examination for diabetic retinopathy screening in primary care, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2023; 7(12): 1651-1659. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692361199


Web Style

Almaqhawi A, Alotaibi W, Alomair A, Alotaibi A, Alharbi T. Practice patterns of fundoscopic examination for diabetic retinopathy screening in primary care, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=165930 [Access: June 05, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692361199


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Almaqhawi A, Alotaibi W, Alomair A, Alotaibi A, Alharbi T. Practice patterns of fundoscopic examination for diabetic retinopathy screening in primary care, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2023; 7(12): 1651-1659. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692361199



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Almaqhawi A, Alotaibi W, Alomair A, Alotaibi A, Alharbi T. Practice patterns of fundoscopic examination for diabetic retinopathy screening in primary care, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2023), [cited June 05, 2024]; 7(12): 1651-1659. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692361199



Harvard Style

Almaqhawi, A., Alotaibi, . W., Alomair, . A., Alotaibi, . A. & Alharbi, . T. (2023) Practice patterns of fundoscopic examination for diabetic retinopathy screening in primary care, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 7 (12), 1651-1659. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692361199



Turabian Style

Almaqhawi, Abdullah, Waad Alotaibi, Aeshah Alomair, Albandari Alotaibi, and Tahani Alharbi. 2023. Practice patterns of fundoscopic examination for diabetic retinopathy screening in primary care, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 7 (12), 1651-1659. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692361199



Chicago Style

Almaqhawi, Abdullah, Waad Alotaibi, Aeshah Alomair, Albandari Alotaibi, and Tahani Alharbi. "Practice patterns of fundoscopic examination for diabetic retinopathy screening in primary care, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 7 (2023), 1651-1659. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692361199



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Almaqhawi, Abdullah, Waad Alotaibi, Aeshah Alomair, Albandari Alotaibi, and Tahani Alharbi. "Practice patterns of fundoscopic examination for diabetic retinopathy screening in primary care, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 7.12 (2023), 1651-1659. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692361199



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Almaqhawi, A., Alotaibi, . W., Alomair, . A., Alotaibi, . A. & Alharbi, . T. (2023) Practice patterns of fundoscopic examination for diabetic retinopathy screening in primary care, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 7 (12), 1651-1659. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692361199





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