E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date: 04 / 11 / 2023

 


Awareness, prevalence, and risk factors of hernia in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Abdullah Alsoghair, Sumaya Alhussain, Rayan Almogheer, Seba Almotlaq, Shouq Alabdullatif, Raghad Alanazi, Abdulrhman Bashir Hussamuldin, Yara Majed Alzahrani.


Abstract
Background: Abdominal wall hernia has many types, such as umbilical, para-umbilical, epigastric, femoral, and inguinal, and has a variety of risk factors, including obesity. This study aims to analyze the prevalence, risk factors, and comorbidities among patients of both sexes of the Saudi Arabian population.
Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study. The target population is adult males and females. A total sample of 421 patients. They are included according to their age. Assessing the prevalence with associated risk factors and comorbidity. Data were collected through an online questionnaire via a Google form. From June to August 2023. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of abdominal hernia and identify the risk factors and comorbidities that increase incidence.
Results: In the study, we collected data from 421 participants in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We found that the prevalence of hernia was 14.01%, where 64.8% of participants were female, and 32.1% were older than 51. There was a variation of knowledge between the participants regarding some of the risk factors. The majority knew about the relationship between hernia occurrence and being asthmatic, constipation, pregnancy, and heavy weightlifting. However, most showed no knowledge about being diabetic and a smoker being a risk factor for having a hernia.
Conclusion: The findings showed that a large number did not have enough information about hernia or had hernia before; the majority knew the treatment of hernia is surgical and know the risk factors, such as heavy weightlifting, constipation, pregnancy, labor, and asthma, can lead to hernia. However, most of them did not know how to smoke, and being diabetic might lead to a hernia.

Key words: Hernia, Riyadh, Prevalence, Risk factors.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alsoghair A, Alhussain S, Almogheer R, Almotlaq S, Alabdullatif S, Alanazi R, Hussamuldin AB, Alzahrani YM. Awareness, prevalence, and risk factors of hernia in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2023; 7(12): 1790-1795. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692260810


Web Style

Alsoghair A, Alhussain S, Almogheer R, Almotlaq S, Alabdullatif S, Alanazi R, Hussamuldin AB, Alzahrani YM. Awareness, prevalence, and risk factors of hernia in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=165764 [Access: February 07, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692260810


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alsoghair A, Alhussain S, Almogheer R, Almotlaq S, Alabdullatif S, Alanazi R, Hussamuldin AB, Alzahrani YM. Awareness, prevalence, and risk factors of hernia in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2023; 7(12): 1790-1795. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692260810



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alsoghair A, Alhussain S, Almogheer R, Almotlaq S, Alabdullatif S, Alanazi R, Hussamuldin AB, Alzahrani YM. Awareness, prevalence, and risk factors of hernia in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2023), [cited February 07, 2024]; 7(12): 1790-1795. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692260810



Harvard Style

Alsoghair, A., Alhussain, . S., Almogheer, . R., Almotlaq, . S., Alabdullatif, . S., Alanazi, . R., Hussamuldin, . A. B. & Alzahrani, . Y. M. (2023) Awareness, prevalence, and risk factors of hernia in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 7 (12), 1790-1795. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692260810



Turabian Style

Alsoghair, Abdullah, Sumaya Alhussain, Rayan Almogheer, Seba Almotlaq, Shouq Alabdullatif, Raghad Alanazi, Abdulrhman Bashir Hussamuldin, and Yara Majed Alzahrani. 2023. Awareness, prevalence, and risk factors of hernia in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 7 (12), 1790-1795. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692260810



Chicago Style

Alsoghair, Abdullah, Sumaya Alhussain, Rayan Almogheer, Seba Almotlaq, Shouq Alabdullatif, Raghad Alanazi, Abdulrhman Bashir Hussamuldin, and Yara Majed Alzahrani. "Awareness, prevalence, and risk factors of hernia in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 7 (2023), 1790-1795. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692260810



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alsoghair, Abdullah, Sumaya Alhussain, Rayan Almogheer, Seba Almotlaq, Shouq Alabdullatif, Raghad Alanazi, Abdulrhman Bashir Hussamuldin, and Yara Majed Alzahrani. "Awareness, prevalence, and risk factors of hernia in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 7.12 (2023), 1790-1795. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692260810



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alsoghair, A., Alhussain, . S., Almogheer, . R., Almotlaq, . S., Alabdullatif, . S., Alanazi, . R., Hussamuldin, . A. B. & Alzahrani, . Y. M. (2023) Awareness, prevalence, and risk factors of hernia in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 7 (12), 1790-1795. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692260810





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