E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Review Article

Online Publishing Date:
23 / 09 / 2023

 


Impact of diabetes and hypertension for the development of cardiovascular diseases: a systematic review

Md Sayed Ali Sheikh, Basil Mohammed Alomair, Rana Bndar A. Amsaiab, Wejdan Madallah A. Alhirsan, Alashjaee, Rasha Harbi, Alashjaee, Faisal Harbi, Nouf Nashmi M. Alazmi, Alhanof Ahmed Y. Althari, Rahaf Hamdan A. Alsabilah, Ohoud Mohammed F. Alsahli, Mona Fahad M. Aljarallah, Renad Bandar A. Almusayyab.


Abstract
This study aimed to systematically evaluate the evidence respecting the association of risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among patients with diabetes and hypertension (HTN). Articles were searched from 2015 to 2022 through PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase. The inclusion criteria included risk factors such as hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), blood pressure measurement, body mass index, determining the glomerular filtration rate(GER), and blood lipid profile in patients with HTN and diabetes. The quality of the study was assessed by assessment Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS). After thorough research, only seven out of 170 articles were selected. The systolic blood pressure (SBP) and GER were calculated. All studies’ quality was good under the NOS criteria. Generally, high HbA1c: 138 mmHg, high or low GFR: >60 ml/minute/1.75 m2), and increasing SBP (SBP from 120 to 139 to ≥140 mmHg) are great risk factors for CVD among diabetes and HTN patients. No data on blood lipid profile and body mass index was available among the selected studies. It was concluded that relatively well-controlled HTN and diabetes might reduce the risk factors for the development of CVD.

Key words: Cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension, impact, systemic review.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sheikh MSA, Alomair BM, Amsaiab RBA, Alhirsan WMA, Alashjaee , Harbi R, Alashjaee , Harbi F, Alazmi NNM, Althari AAY, Alsabilah RHA, Alsahli OMF, Aljarallah MFM, Almusayyab RBA. Impact of diabetes and hypertension for the development of cardiovascular diseases: a systematic review. IJMDC. 2023; 7(11): 1556-1561. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692024748


Web Style

Sheikh MSA, Alomair BM, Amsaiab RBA, Alhirsan WMA, Alashjaee , Harbi R, Alashjaee , Harbi F, Alazmi NNM, Althari AAY, Alsabilah RHA, Alsahli OMF, Aljarallah MFM, Almusayyab RBA. Impact of diabetes and hypertension for the development of cardiovascular diseases: a systematic review. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=165270 [Access: February 28, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692024748


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sheikh MSA, Alomair BM, Amsaiab RBA, Alhirsan WMA, Alashjaee , Harbi R, Alashjaee , Harbi F, Alazmi NNM, Althari AAY, Alsabilah RHA, Alsahli OMF, Aljarallah MFM, Almusayyab RBA. Impact of diabetes and hypertension for the development of cardiovascular diseases: a systematic review. IJMDC. 2023; 7(11): 1556-1561. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692024748



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sheikh MSA, Alomair BM, Amsaiab RBA, Alhirsan WMA, Alashjaee , Harbi R, Alashjaee , Harbi F, Alazmi NNM, Althari AAY, Alsabilah RHA, Alsahli OMF, Aljarallah MFM, Almusayyab RBA. Impact of diabetes and hypertension for the development of cardiovascular diseases: a systematic review. IJMDC. (2023), [cited February 28, 2024]; 7(11): 1556-1561. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692024748



Harvard Style

Sheikh, M. S. A., Alomair, . B. M., Amsaiab, . R. B. A., Alhirsan, . W. M. A., Alashjaee, ., Harbi, . R., Alashjaee, ., Harbi, . F., Alazmi, . N. N. M., Althari, . A. A. Y., Alsabilah, . R. H. A., Alsahli, . O. M. F., Aljarallah, . M. F. M. & Almusayyab, . R. B. A. (2023) Impact of diabetes and hypertension for the development of cardiovascular diseases: a systematic review. IJMDC, 7 (11), 1556-1561. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692024748



Turabian Style

Sheikh, Md Sayed Ali, Basil Mohammed Alomair, Rana Bndar A. Amsaiab, Wejdan Madallah A. Alhirsan, Alashjaee, Rasha Harbi, Alashjaee, Faisal Harbi, Nouf Nashmi M. Alazmi, Alhanof Ahmed Y. Althari, Rahaf Hamdan A. Alsabilah, Ohoud Mohammed F. Alsahli, Mona Fahad M. Aljarallah, and Renad Bandar A. Almusayyab. 2023. Impact of diabetes and hypertension for the development of cardiovascular diseases: a systematic review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 7 (11), 1556-1561. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692024748



Chicago Style

Sheikh, Md Sayed Ali, Basil Mohammed Alomair, Rana Bndar A. Amsaiab, Wejdan Madallah A. Alhirsan, Alashjaee, Rasha Harbi, Alashjaee, Faisal Harbi, Nouf Nashmi M. Alazmi, Alhanof Ahmed Y. Althari, Rahaf Hamdan A. Alsabilah, Ohoud Mohammed F. Alsahli, Mona Fahad M. Aljarallah, and Renad Bandar A. Almusayyab. "Impact of diabetes and hypertension for the development of cardiovascular diseases: a systematic review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 7 (2023), 1556-1561. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692024748



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sheikh, Md Sayed Ali, Basil Mohammed Alomair, Rana Bndar A. Amsaiab, Wejdan Madallah A. Alhirsan, Alashjaee, Rasha Harbi, Alashjaee, Faisal Harbi, Nouf Nashmi M. Alazmi, Alhanof Ahmed Y. Althari, Rahaf Hamdan A. Alsabilah, Ohoud Mohammed F. Alsahli, Mona Fahad M. Aljarallah, and Renad Bandar A. Almusayyab. "Impact of diabetes and hypertension for the development of cardiovascular diseases: a systematic review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 7.11 (2023), 1556-1561. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692024748



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sheikh, M. S. A., Alomair, . B. M., Amsaiab, . R. B. A., Alhirsan, . W. M. A., Alashjaee, ., Harbi, . R., Alashjaee, ., Harbi, . F., Alazmi, . N. N. M., Althari, . A. A. Y., Alsabilah, . R. H. A., Alsahli, . O. M. F., Aljarallah, . M. F. M. & Almusayyab, . R. B. A. (2023) Impact of diabetes and hypertension for the development of cardiovascular diseases: a systematic review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 7 (11), 1556-1561. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1692024748





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