Drug Misused

Authors: Maha M. AL-Nefaei, Ghader E. Jahri, Esraa A. Majrashi, Zainab A. Sairafi, Azahir G. Abualmakarem, Waad W. Alqashqari, Kholoud F. Muhanna, Amnah S. AL-Amri.

ABSTRACT

Background: Drug misuse is a global problem that is referred to the using of drugs in an inaccurate way for large doses and long duration. Drug misuse is associated with depression, anxiety, and specific characteristics of psychopathological behavior. Aim: To discuss the stages, epidemiology, symptoms, and consequences of drug misuse as well as highlight the drug abuse in Saudi Arabia. Methods: Several articles were included in this review; the involved articles were obtained through online research. Results: There were 13 articles included to write the current review; the review was written under titles in the discussion part. Conclusion: Drug addiction is a global issue; it has several consequences and affects the individuals, families, community, and the economy of the countries. Increasing awareness among individuals and patients should be established.

Keywords:
Drug, Abuse, Misuse, Addiction, Saudi Arabia, Consequences.


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Drug Misused


Authors
Maha M AL-Nefaei
Third Year Medical Student, 1437-1438, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ghader E Jahri
Third Year Medical Student, 1437-1438, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Esraa A Majrashi
Third Year Medical Student, 1437-1438, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Zainab A Sairafi
Third Year Medical Student, 1437-1438, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Azahir G Abualmakarem
Third Year Medical Student, 1437-1438, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Waad W Alqashqari
Third Year Medical Student, 1437-1438, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Kholoud F Muhanna
Third Year Medical Student, 1437-1438, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amnah S AL-Amri
Third Year Medical Student, 1437-1438, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Maha M. AL-Nefaei, Third Year Medical Student, 1437-1438, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Mekkah, Saudi Arabia; ; mahalnefaei@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 30 Nov 2020
Accepted 19 Jan 2021
Published online 19 Jan 2021

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Pubmed Style

AL-Nefaei MM, Jahri GE, Majrashi EA, Sairafi ZA, Abualmakarem AG, Alqashqari WW, Muhanna KF, AL-Amri AS. Drug Misused. IJMDC. Online First: 19 Jan, 2021. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606757592


Web Style

AL-Nefaei MM, Jahri GE, Majrashi EA, Sairafi ZA, Abualmakarem AG, Alqashqari WW, Muhanna KF, AL-Amri AS. Drug Misused. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=16426 [Access: August 18, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606757592


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

AL-Nefaei MM, Jahri GE, Majrashi EA, Sairafi ZA, Abualmakarem AG, Alqashqari WW, Muhanna KF, AL-Amri AS. Drug Misused. IJMDC. Online First: 19 Jan, 2021. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606757592


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

AL-Nefaei MM, Jahri GE, Majrashi EA, Sairafi ZA, Abualmakarem AG, Alqashqari WW, Muhanna KF, AL-Amri AS. Drug Misused. IJMDC, [cited August 18, 2022]; Online First: 19 Jan, 2021. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606757592


Harvard Style

AL-Nefaei, M. M., Jahri, . G. E., Majrashi, . E. A., Sairafi, . Z. A., Abualmakarem, . A. G., Alqashqari, . W. W., Muhanna, . K. F. & AL-Amri, . A. S. (2021) Drug Misused. IJMDC, Online First: 19 Jan, 2021. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606757592


Turabian Style

AL-Nefaei, Maha M., Ghader E. Jahri, Esraa A. Majrashi, Zainab A. Sairafi, Azahir G. Abualmakarem, Waad W. Alqashqari, Kholoud F. Muhanna, and Amnah S. AL-Amri. 2021. Drug Misused. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, Online First: 19 Jan, 2021. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606757592


Chicago Style

AL-Nefaei, Maha M., Ghader E. Jahri, Esraa A. Majrashi, Zainab A. Sairafi, Azahir G. Abualmakarem, Waad W. Alqashqari, Kholoud F. Muhanna, and Amnah S. AL-Amri. "Drug Misused." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries Online First: 19 Jan, 2021. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606757592


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

AL-Nefaei, Maha M., Ghader E. Jahri, Esraa A. Majrashi, Zainab A. Sairafi, Azahir G. Abualmakarem, Waad W. Alqashqari, Kholoud F. Muhanna, and Amnah S. AL-Amri. "Drug Misused." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries Online First: 19 Jan, 2021. Web. 18 Aug 2022 doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606757592


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

AL-Nefaei, M. M., Jahri, . G. E., Majrashi, . E. A., Sairafi, . Z. A., Abualmakarem, . A. G., Alqashqari, . W. W., Muhanna, . K. F. & AL-Amri, . A. S. (2021) Drug Misused. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, Online First: 19 Jan, 2021. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606757592


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