E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
07 / 06 / 2023

 


Prevalence and risk factors of anterior cruciate ligament injuries among football team players in Bisha City, Saudi Arabia

Zenat Ahmed Khired, Hazem Shalan Alshahrani, Nawaf Mohammed Altayyib, Abdullah Hassan Alsuayri, Ayman DhaifAllah Alamri, Abdullah Saeed Alahmari, Mohammed Ali Alqarni, Saud Khshaim Alsaadi.


Abstract
Objective: This study aimed to assess the prevalence and risk factors of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury among football players in Bisha city, Saudi Arabia.
Methods: A total of 160 participants were included in this study. The football players were selected from the “Bisha Sport Club” team. Data were collected from the participants using a questionnaire, distributed by the researchers.
Results: Most of the participants were between 20 and 24 years (56.3%) and between 25 and 29 years (28.7%). The prevalence of knee ligament injury was 48.8%. The ACL was injured in 46.2% of participants and the posterior cruciate ligament in 17.9%. Around 20.5% had a partial tear while 30.8% had a complete tear. The diagnosis was established by clinical examination alone in 20.5%, 30.8% by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) alone, and 33.3% by both clinical examination and MRI. The most observed signs and symptoms were pop sound in 53.8%, sharp pain in 46.2%, and inability to move the leg in 38.5%.
Conclusion: The prevalence of ACL injury is common among football players in Saudi Arabia; therefore, there is a need to raise awareness among them about this type of injury to decrease its complications.

Key words: ACL injury, football players, prevalence, risk factors, Saudi Arabia.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khired ZA, Alshahrani HS, Altayyib NM, Alsuayri AH, Alamri AD, Alahmari AS, Alqarni MA, Alsaadi SK. Prevalence and risk factors of anterior cruciate ligament injuries among football team players in Bisha City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2023; 7(10): 1325-1332. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684008114


Web Style

Khired ZA, Alshahrani HS, Altayyib NM, Alsuayri AH, Alamri AD, Alahmari AS, Alqarni MA, Alsaadi SK. Prevalence and risk factors of anterior cruciate ligament injuries among football team players in Bisha City, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=153232 [Access: July 14, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684008114


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khired ZA, Alshahrani HS, Altayyib NM, Alsuayri AH, Alamri AD, Alahmari AS, Alqarni MA, Alsaadi SK. Prevalence and risk factors of anterior cruciate ligament injuries among football team players in Bisha City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2023; 7(10): 1325-1332. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684008114



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khired ZA, Alshahrani HS, Altayyib NM, Alsuayri AH, Alamri AD, Alahmari AS, Alqarni MA, Alsaadi SK. Prevalence and risk factors of anterior cruciate ligament injuries among football team players in Bisha City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2023), [cited July 14, 2024]; 7(10): 1325-1332. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684008114



Harvard Style

Khired, Z. A., Alshahrani, . H. S., Altayyib, . N. M., Alsuayri, . A. H., Alamri, . A. D., Alahmari, . A. S., Alqarni, . M. A. & Alsaadi, . S. K. (2023) Prevalence and risk factors of anterior cruciate ligament injuries among football team players in Bisha City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 7 (10), 1325-1332. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684008114



Turabian Style

Khired, Zenat Ahmed, Hazem Shalan Alshahrani, Nawaf Mohammed Altayyib, Abdullah Hassan Alsuayri, Ayman DhaifAllah Alamri, Abdullah Saeed Alahmari, Mohammed Ali Alqarni, and Saud Khshaim Alsaadi. 2023. Prevalence and risk factors of anterior cruciate ligament injuries among football team players in Bisha City, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 7 (10), 1325-1332. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684008114



Chicago Style

Khired, Zenat Ahmed, Hazem Shalan Alshahrani, Nawaf Mohammed Altayyib, Abdullah Hassan Alsuayri, Ayman DhaifAllah Alamri, Abdullah Saeed Alahmari, Mohammed Ali Alqarni, and Saud Khshaim Alsaadi. "Prevalence and risk factors of anterior cruciate ligament injuries among football team players in Bisha City, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 7 (2023), 1325-1332. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684008114



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khired, Zenat Ahmed, Hazem Shalan Alshahrani, Nawaf Mohammed Altayyib, Abdullah Hassan Alsuayri, Ayman DhaifAllah Alamri, Abdullah Saeed Alahmari, Mohammed Ali Alqarni, and Saud Khshaim Alsaadi. "Prevalence and risk factors of anterior cruciate ligament injuries among football team players in Bisha City, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 7.10 (2023), 1325-1332. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684008114



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khired, Z. A., Alshahrani, . H. S., Altayyib, . N. M., Alsuayri, . A. H., Alamri, . A. D., Alahmari, . A. S., Alqarni, . M. A. & Alsaadi, . S. K. (2023) Prevalence and risk factors of anterior cruciate ligament injuries among football team players in Bisha City, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 7 (10), 1325-1332. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684008114





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