E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
04 / 07 / 2023

 


Prevalence of acne vulgaris and its association with lifestyle among the general population of Jazan city, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

Ahmad Assiri, Mohammed Alameer, Basem Zogel, Faisal Abusageah, Hamzah Abu Hadi, Afnan Qasem Maashi, Ali Ahmed Jerah, Faisal Ahmed Otaif, Yasser Mohammed Shmakhi, Hamzah Nasser Mathkur, Mohammed Hadadi, Ahmed Nasser Alharbi.


Abstract
Background: Acne vulgaris is a common cutaneous disorder caused by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands. It is characterized by the presence of open and closed comedones, oily skin, pimples, and scarring. It mainly affects the skin with numerous oil glands, including the face, chest, and back. The risk factors for acne include genetic, hormonal, and lifestyle factors. Although acne is a benign condition, it has a worldwide prevalence of approximately 10%. Herein, we aimed to study the prevalence of acne vulgaris and its association with lifestyle in the general population.
Methods: This cross-sectional study used a self-administered electronically distributed questionnaire to assess the association between acne vulgaris and lifestyle among the general population in the Jazan region.
Results: A total of 462 residents of Jazan responded [270 females (58.4%) and 192 males (41.6%)]. The mean age was 25.52 years (SD = 7.7). Approximately 63.6% of our respondents suffered from acne, which affected the cheeks (75.9%). Acne was significantly associated with skin type, use of facial cleansers, body mass index, family history, stress, and fast food intake. However, 64.6% of the respondents did not visit a doctor for acne. Furthermore, 25.9% of the respondents did not use any medications, whereas 31% used topical medications.
Conclusion: Approximately two-thirds of the study participants had acne. Therefore, more efforts are needed to assess the cause of the high prevalence of acne in our region and to determine the related risk factors to minimize its incidence by conducting educational programs.

Key words: Acne, acne vulgaris, lifestyle, Saudi Arabia, Jazan.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Assiri A, Alameer M, Zogel B, Abusageah F, Hadi HA, Maashi AQ, Jerah AA, Otaif FA, Shmakhi YM, Mathkur HN, Hadadi M, Alharbi AN. Prevalence of acne vulgaris and its association with lifestyle among the general population of Jazan city, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2023; 7(10): 1305-1312. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1683495519


Web Style

Assiri A, Alameer M, Zogel B, Abusageah F, Hadi HA, Maashi AQ, Jerah AA, Otaif FA, Shmakhi YM, Mathkur HN, Hadadi M, Alharbi AN. Prevalence of acne vulgaris and its association with lifestyle among the general population of Jazan city, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=152459 [Access: June 04, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1683495519


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Assiri A, Alameer M, Zogel B, Abusageah F, Hadi HA, Maashi AQ, Jerah AA, Otaif FA, Shmakhi YM, Mathkur HN, Hadadi M, Alharbi AN. Prevalence of acne vulgaris and its association with lifestyle among the general population of Jazan city, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2023; 7(10): 1305-1312. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1683495519



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Assiri A, Alameer M, Zogel B, Abusageah F, Hadi HA, Maashi AQ, Jerah AA, Otaif FA, Shmakhi YM, Mathkur HN, Hadadi M, Alharbi AN. Prevalence of acne vulgaris and its association with lifestyle among the general population of Jazan city, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2023), [cited June 04, 2024]; 7(10): 1305-1312. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1683495519



Harvard Style

Assiri, A., Alameer, . M., Zogel, . B., Abusageah, . F., Hadi, . H. A., Maashi, . A. Q., Jerah, . A. A., Otaif, . F. A., Shmakhi, . Y. M., Mathkur, . H. N., Hadadi, . M. & Alharbi, . A. N. (2023) Prevalence of acne vulgaris and its association with lifestyle among the general population of Jazan city, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 7 (10), 1305-1312. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1683495519



Turabian Style

Assiri, Ahmad, Mohammed Alameer, Basem Zogel, Faisal Abusageah, Hamzah Abu Hadi, Afnan Qasem Maashi, Ali Ahmed Jerah, Faisal Ahmed Otaif, Yasser Mohammed Shmakhi, Hamzah Nasser Mathkur, Mohammed Hadadi, and Ahmed Nasser Alharbi. 2023. Prevalence of acne vulgaris and its association with lifestyle among the general population of Jazan city, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 7 (10), 1305-1312. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1683495519



Chicago Style

Assiri, Ahmad, Mohammed Alameer, Basem Zogel, Faisal Abusageah, Hamzah Abu Hadi, Afnan Qasem Maashi, Ali Ahmed Jerah, Faisal Ahmed Otaif, Yasser Mohammed Shmakhi, Hamzah Nasser Mathkur, Mohammed Hadadi, and Ahmed Nasser Alharbi. "Prevalence of acne vulgaris and its association with lifestyle among the general population of Jazan city, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 7 (2023), 1305-1312. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1683495519



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Assiri, Ahmad, Mohammed Alameer, Basem Zogel, Faisal Abusageah, Hamzah Abu Hadi, Afnan Qasem Maashi, Ali Ahmed Jerah, Faisal Ahmed Otaif, Yasser Mohammed Shmakhi, Hamzah Nasser Mathkur, Mohammed Hadadi, and Ahmed Nasser Alharbi. "Prevalence of acne vulgaris and its association with lifestyle among the general population of Jazan city, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 7.10 (2023), 1305-1312. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1683495519



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Assiri, A., Alameer, . M., Zogel, . B., Abusageah, . F., Hadi, . H. A., Maashi, . A. Q., Jerah, . A. A., Otaif, . F. A., Shmakhi, . Y. M., Mathkur, . H. N., Hadadi, . M. & Alharbi, . A. N. (2023) Prevalence of acne vulgaris and its association with lifestyle among the general population of Jazan city, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 7 (10), 1305-1312. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1683495519





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