Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 678-684

Assessment of knowledge toward sickle cell disease and musculoskeletal complications among Saudi citizens in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

Authors: Nawaf Ahmed Alkatali, Abdullah Bader Aldulami, Mortadah Hadi Alsalman.

ABSTRACT

Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is hemoglobinopathy, a hereditary condition that follows an autosomal recessive pattern. SCD results from a point mutation in the β-globin chain of haemoglobin, causing the hydrophilic amino acid glutamic acid to be replaced with the hydrophobic amino acid valine. The current study aimed to assess the knowledge of SCD and musculoskeletal complications among Saudi citizens in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted for all eligible Saudi citizens in the Eastern region of Saudi Arabia from June to August 2021. Data were collected through an online questionnaire after obtaining consent from the participant. Data gathered included sociodemographic characteristics, history of SCD complaints, participants knowledge regarding SCD, and musculoskeletal complications of the disease. Results: A total of 465 Saudi participants who fulfilled the inclusion criteria completed the study questionnaire, including 300 (64.5%) patients, men and 165 (35.5%) women. A total of 141 (30.3%) respondents reported that they complained of SCD. Overall, 302 (64.9%) participants had overall good general knowledge. Considering knowledge of musculoskeletal complications, 140 (30.1%) participants had good knowledge levels, while 211 (45.4%) participants had good overall knowledge regarding SCD. Conclusion: TThe current study revealed that Saudi citizens in the Eastern region had average knowledge regarding SCD and its complications. Although they had a better knowledge level for the nature and epidemiology of SCD in Saudi Arabia, their knowledge regarding musculoskeletal complications was poor.

Keywords:
Sickle cell disease, complications, musculoskeletal, knowledge, Saudi Arabia, eastern provinces


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Assessment of knowledge toward sickle cell disease and musculoskeletal complications among Saudi citizens in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study


Authors
Nawaf Ahmed Alkatali
General partitioner, Oyun City Hospital, Alahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdullah Bader Aldulami
Medical Intern, King Faisel University, Alahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mortadah Hadi Alsalman
Internal Medicine Department (hematology), King Faisel University, Alahsa, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. General partitioner, Oyun City Hospital, Alahsa, Saudi Arabia.; Nawaf7811@hotmail.com;

Publication history
Received 08 Jan 2022
Accepted 19 Jan 2022
Published online 19 Jan 2022
Published in print 11 Apr 2022

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Pubmed Style

Alkatali NA, Aldulami AB, Alsalman MH. Assessment of knowledge toward sickle cell disease and musculoskeletal complications among Saudi citizens in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 678-684. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641630361


Web Style

Alkatali NA, Aldulami AB, Alsalman MH. Assessment of knowledge toward sickle cell disease and musculoskeletal complications among Saudi citizens in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=140963 [Access: July 03, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641630361


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alkatali NA, Aldulami AB, Alsalman MH. Assessment of knowledge toward sickle cell disease and musculoskeletal complications among Saudi citizens in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 678-684. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641630361


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alkatali NA, Aldulami AB, Alsalman MH. Assessment of knowledge toward sickle cell disease and musculoskeletal complications among Saudi citizens in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2022), [cited July 03, 2022]; 6(5): 678-684. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641630361


Harvard Style

Alkatali, N. A., Aldulami, . A. B. & Alsalman, . M. H. (2022) Assessment of knowledge toward sickle cell disease and musculoskeletal complications among Saudi citizens in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 6 (5), 678-684. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641630361


Turabian Style

Alkatali, Nawaf Ahmed, Abdullah Bader Aldulami, and Mortadah Hadi Alsalman. 2022. Assessment of knowledge toward sickle cell disease and musculoskeletal complications among Saudi citizens in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (5), 678-684. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641630361


Chicago Style

Alkatali, Nawaf Ahmed, Abdullah Bader Aldulami, and Mortadah Hadi Alsalman. "Assessment of knowledge toward sickle cell disease and musculoskeletal complications among Saudi citizens in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 678-684. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641630361


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alkatali, Nawaf Ahmed, Abdullah Bader Aldulami, and Mortadah Hadi Alsalman. "Assessment of knowledge toward sickle cell disease and musculoskeletal complications among Saudi citizens in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.5 (2022), 678-684. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641630361


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alkatali, N. A., Aldulami, . A. B. & Alsalman, . M. H. (2022) Assessment of knowledge toward sickle cell disease and musculoskeletal complications among Saudi citizens in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (5), 678-684. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641630361


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