How COVID-19 affects children: a review article

Authors: Ahmed Abdullah Altowairqi, braa Esam F Habeeb, Khalid Abduallah Altwairqi, Mohammed Abdulrahman Alharthi, Asil Bakr Alsharif, Abdulrahman Mohammed Alsuwayhiri, Rawahah Fadhladeen K Jan.

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has affected 550,369 confirmed cases, with 8,856 fatalities. COVID-19 was more common in adults over 15 during the early outbreak, and the proportion of confirmed cases among youngsters was relatively low. In addition, children with COVID-19 are asymptomatic or have mild clinical symptoms compared to adults. The present study reviewed the clinical features, signs, symptoms, and effect of COVID-19 in children. This review was performed through an electronic literature search for relevant studies identified using keywords on the MEDLINE database between 2020 and 2021, inclusive: COVID-19, COVID-19 in children, Coronavirus, novel Coronavirus in children, COVID-19 symptoms in children, COVID-19 effect in children. Similar keywords were used to peruse and identify relevant articles on Google Scholar. The articles were chosen based on defined inclusion criteria. The current review included papers published between 2020 and 2021. The review was written under specific titles in the discussion part.This review concluded that children of all ages are susceptible to getting COVID-19 due to human-to-human transmission. COVID-19 has a milder clinical course, quicker recovery, and a better prognosis in children than adults. Infants less than one year and children with underlying chronic disorders were at higher risk of having severe forms of COVID-19. Septic shock, toxic encephalopathy, multiple organ failure syndromes, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and status epilepticus were the most common consequences identified in children with severe forms of COVID-19. Infection prevention by isolation of diseased children is critical, as is thorough surveillance, early diagnosis of illness complications, and the ability to treat patients on time while preventing secondary dissemination.

Keywords:
COVID-19, COVID-19 in children, coronavirus, novel coronavirus in children, COVID-19 symptoms in children, COVID-19 effect in children.


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How COVID-19 affects children: a review article


Authors
Ahmed Abdullah Altowairqi
King Faisal Medical Complex, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

braa Esam F Habeeb
King Faisal Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khalid Abduallah Altwairqi
King Faisal Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Abdulrahman Alharthi
Maternity and Children Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Asil Bakr Alsharif
Maternity and Children Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulrahman Mohammed Alsuwayhiri
Maternity and Children Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rawahah Fadhladeen K Jan
Maternity and Children Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. King Faisal Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia; Braa2.hh@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 03 Jan 2022
Accepted 22 Jan 2022
Published online 22 Jan 2022

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Pubmed Style

Altowairqi AA, Habeeb bEF, Altwairqi KA, MAA, Alsharif AB, AMA, Jan RFK. How COVID-19 affects children: a review article. IJMDC. Online First: 22 Jan, 2022. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641244478


Web Style

Altowairqi AA, Habeeb bEF, Altwairqi KA, MAA, Alsharif AB, AMA, Jan RFK. How COVID-19 affects children: a review article. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=140408 [Access: August 18, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641244478


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Altowairqi AA, Habeeb bEF, Altwairqi KA, MAA, Alsharif AB, AMA, Jan RFK. How COVID-19 affects children: a review article. IJMDC. Online First: 22 Jan, 2022. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641244478


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Altowairqi AA, Habeeb bEF, Altwairqi KA, MAA, Alsharif AB, AMA, Jan RFK. How COVID-19 affects children: a review article. IJMDC, [cited August 18, 2022]; Online First: 22 Jan, 2022. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641244478


Harvard Style

Altowairqi, A. A., Habeeb, . b. E. F., Altwairqi, . K. A., , . M. A. A., Alsharif, . A. B., , . A. M. A. & Jan, . R. F. K. (2022) How COVID-19 affects children: a review article. IJMDC, Online First: 22 Jan, 2022. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641244478


Turabian Style

Altowairqi, Ahmed Abdullah, braa Esam F Habeeb, Khalid Abduallah Altwairqi, Mohammed Abdulrahman Alharthi, Asil Bakr Alsharif, Abdulrahman Mohammed Alsuwayhiri, and Rawahah Fadhladeen K Jan. 2022. How COVID-19 affects children: a review article. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, Online First: 22 Jan, 2022. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641244478


Chicago Style

Altowairqi, Ahmed Abdullah, braa Esam F Habeeb, Khalid Abduallah Altwairqi, Mohammed Abdulrahman Alharthi, Asil Bakr Alsharif, Abdulrahman Mohammed Alsuwayhiri, and Rawahah Fadhladeen K Jan. "How COVID-19 affects children: a review article." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries Online First: 22 Jan, 2022. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641244478


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Altowairqi, Ahmed Abdullah, braa Esam F Habeeb, Khalid Abduallah Altwairqi, Mohammed Abdulrahman Alharthi, Asil Bakr Alsharif, Abdulrahman Mohammed Alsuwayhiri, and Rawahah Fadhladeen K Jan. "How COVID-19 affects children: a review article." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries Online First: 22 Jan, 2022. Web. 18 Aug 2022 doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641244478


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Altowairqi, A. A., Habeeb, . b. E. F., Altwairqi, . K. A., , . M. A. A., Alsharif, . A. B., , . A. M. A. & Jan, . R. F. K. (2022) How COVID-19 affects children: a review article. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, Online First: 22 Jan, 2022. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1641244478


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