Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1844-1846

Impact of distance learning during COVID-19 on the anxiety of college students of Almaarefa University

Authors: Khaldoun I. Marwa, Hanadi Abdullah AlKthiri, Hassan Idriss Shicker, Banan Yakoub Neyaz, Amkalthom Hussian Almohammed Ali, Hakimah Abdulrahman Albalawi, Sarah Hassan Alhilal.

ABSTRACT

Background: On 8 March, 2020, the Saudi Ministry of Education announced the closure of schools and universities around the Kingdom to control the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as preventive and precautionary measures. On 18 March, 2020, Almaarefa University started the distance learning method for all students, including clinical medical students. This study aimed to assess the anxiety of college students with regard to the distance learning method in Almaarefa University during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This study is a descriptive cross-sectional study. We distributed a closed-ended questionnaire to 149 students of Almaarefa University. The assessment of anxiety was carried out using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) Scale. Results: One hundred and forty-nine students responded to an online questionnaire. The anxiety level, using GAD-7 Scale, was found to be moderate in 36.2%, mild in 32.2%, severe in 22.8%, and normal in 8.7%. Clinical phase students had the highest level of anxiety than basic science students and interns. The adaptive coping strategies used by students during COVID-19 were watching shows and movies (70.7%), sports and exercise (49.3%), cooking (48%), drawing (21.3%), developing new skills (38%), and attending educational webinars (36%). Conclusion: The anxiety levels of the 149 students of Almaarefa University were assessed via the GAD-7 Scale, which found that the highest level was the moderate level, followed by mild, severe, and normal levels. The adaptive coping strategies used by students during COVID-19 were mostly watching shows and movies, sports and exercise, and cooking. Future studies with a bigger sample size assessing the depression score are recommended.

Keywords:
COVID-19, GAD-7 Anxiety, collages students.


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Impact of distance learning during COVID-19 on the anxiety of college students of Almaarefa University


Authors
Khaldoun I Marwa
Consultant Psychiatrist College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hanadi Abdullah AlKthiri
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hassan Idriss Shicker
General Sciences and English Language Department, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Banan Yakoub Neyaz
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amkalthom Hussian Almohammed Ali
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hakimah Abdulrahman Albalawi
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sarah Hassan Alhilal
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Hanadi AlKthiri, College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.; hanadi-alkthiri@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 25 Sep 2020
Accepted 11 Oct 2020
Published online 16 Oct 2020
Published in print 05 Nov 2020

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Pubmed Style

Marwa KI, AlKthiri HA, Shicker HI, Neyaz BY, Ali AHA, Albalawi HA, Alhilal SH. Impact of distance learning during COVID-19 on the anxiety of college students of Almaarefa University. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1844-1846. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601032316


Web Style

Marwa KI, AlKthiri HA, Shicker HI, Neyaz BY, Ali AHA, Albalawi HA, Alhilal SH. Impact of distance learning during COVID-19 on the anxiety of college students of Almaarefa University. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=137857 [Access: January 24, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601032316


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Marwa KI, AlKthiri HA, Shicker HI, Neyaz BY, Ali AHA, Albalawi HA, Alhilal SH. Impact of distance learning during COVID-19 on the anxiety of college students of Almaarefa University. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1844-1846. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601032316


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Marwa KI, AlKthiri HA, Shicker HI, Neyaz BY, Ali AHA, Albalawi HA, Alhilal SH. Impact of distance learning during COVID-19 on the anxiety of college students of Almaarefa University. IJMDC. (2020), [cited January 24, 2021]; 4(11): 1844-1846. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601032316


Harvard Style

Marwa, K. I., AlKthiri, . H. A., Shicker, . H. I., Neyaz, . B. Y., Ali, . A. H. A., Albalawi, . H. A. & Alhilal, . S. H. (2020) Impact of distance learning during COVID-19 on the anxiety of college students of Almaarefa University. IJMDC, 4 (11), 1844-1846. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601032316


Turabian Style

Marwa, Khaldoun I., Hanadi Abdullah AlKthiri, Hassan Idriss Shicker, Banan Yakoub Neyaz, Amkalthom Hussian Almohammed Ali, Hakimah Abdulrahman Albalawi, and Sarah Hassan Alhilal. 2020. Impact of distance learning during COVID-19 on the anxiety of college students of Almaarefa University. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1844-1846. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601032316


Chicago Style

Marwa, Khaldoun I., Hanadi Abdullah AlKthiri, Hassan Idriss Shicker, Banan Yakoub Neyaz, Amkalthom Hussian Almohammed Ali, Hakimah Abdulrahman Albalawi, and Sarah Hassan Alhilal. "Impact of distance learning during COVID-19 on the anxiety of college students of Almaarefa University." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1844-1846. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601032316


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Marwa, Khaldoun I., Hanadi Abdullah AlKthiri, Hassan Idriss Shicker, Banan Yakoub Neyaz, Amkalthom Hussian Almohammed Ali, Hakimah Abdulrahman Albalawi, and Sarah Hassan Alhilal. "Impact of distance learning during COVID-19 on the anxiety of college students of Almaarefa University." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.11 (2020), 1844-1846. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601032316


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Marwa, K. I., AlKthiri, . H. A., Shicker, . H. I., Neyaz, . B. Y., Ali, . A. H. A., Albalawi, . H. A. & Alhilal, . S. H. (2020) Impact of distance learning during COVID-19 on the anxiety of college students of Almaarefa University. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1844-1846. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601032316


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