IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1996-2001

Prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and causes in Saudi Arabia: a review

Authors: Samiha Fahad Khayyat, Nujud Ayman Boubsit, Munira Mohammed Moed Alalyani, Layan Nizar Alkhayat.

ABSTRACT

This review aims to evaluate the current status of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, comparing it to that of the other countries. In addition, the important causes of tuberculosis (TB) resistance prevalence are discussed, and the need for further research in the development of MDR-TB resistance is evaluated. To evaluate the current status of MDR-TB in Saudi Arabia, data from previous studies of MDR-TB in Saudi Arabia were collected and compared with data collected worldwide regarding the same disease. In the study, various factors that affect the prevalence of MDR-TB were considered, and a brief review of MDR-TB complications is given. Many causes of MDR-TB prevalence in Saudi Arabia are illegal immigration, the misuse of antibiotics by the patients, and the incorrect prescription by the healthcare providers.

Keywords:
Tuberculosis, KSA , MDR-TB, XDR-TB, Adverse effects.


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Prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and causes in Saudi Arabia: a review


Authors
Samiha Fahad Khayyat
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nujud Ayman Boubsit
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Munira Mohammed Moed Alalyani
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Layan Nizar Alkhayat
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Samiha Fahad Khayyat, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.; Samihafkh1@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 13 Sep 2020
Accepted 02 Oct 2020
Published online 13 Oct 2020
Published in print 05 Nov 2020

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Pubmed Style

Khayyat SF, Boubsit NA, Alalyani MMM, Alkhayat LN. Prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and causes in Saudi Arabia: a review. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1996-2001. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599979938


Web Style

Khayyat SF, Boubsit NA, Alalyani MMM, Alkhayat LN. Prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and causes in Saudi Arabia: a review. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=134548 [Access: March 01, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599979938


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khayyat SF, Boubsit NA, Alalyani MMM, Alkhayat LN. Prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and causes in Saudi Arabia: a review. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1996-2001. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599979938


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khayyat SF, Boubsit NA, Alalyani MMM, Alkhayat LN. Prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and causes in Saudi Arabia: a review. IJMDC. (2020), [cited March 01, 2021]; 4(11): 1996-2001. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599979938


Harvard Style

Khayyat, S. F., Boubsit, . N. A., Alalyani, . M. M. M. & Alkhayat, . L. N. (2020) Prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and causes in Saudi Arabia: a review. IJMDC, 4 (11), 1996-2001. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599979938


Turabian Style

Khayyat, Samiha Fahad, Nujud Ayman Boubsit, Munira Mohammed Moed Alalyani, and Layan Nizar Alkhayat. 2020. Prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and causes in Saudi Arabia: a review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1996-2001. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599979938


Chicago Style

Khayyat, Samiha Fahad, Nujud Ayman Boubsit, Munira Mohammed Moed Alalyani, and Layan Nizar Alkhayat. "Prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and causes in Saudi Arabia: a review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1996-2001. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599979938


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khayyat, Samiha Fahad, Nujud Ayman Boubsit, Munira Mohammed Moed Alalyani, and Layan Nizar Alkhayat. "Prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and causes in Saudi Arabia: a review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.11 (2020), 1996-2001. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599979938


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khayyat, S. F., Boubsit, . N. A., Alalyani, . M. M. M. & Alkhayat, . L. N. (2020) Prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and causes in Saudi Arabia: a review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1996-2001. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599979938


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