Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(4): 564-573

Chronic kidney disease: awareness in the Saudi population

Authors: Nasser Yousef Alhowaish, Yazeed Abdullah Alhusainy.

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients’ knowledge and awareness of their kidney status are essential in the early detection and identification, early referral and early management of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We conducted this study to determine CKD awareness in the general Saudi population. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of healthy Saudi adults 18 years old and above from two different public places in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between March and April 2018. A validated self-administered questionnaire assessing seven domains (anatomy, physiology, etiology, presentation, progression, treatment, and resources available) was used. Results: Among the 438 respondents surveyed, 43 (9.8%) scored ≥ 6 points out of 7 maximum points for the overall knowledge score, 177 respondents (40.4%) scored a total of 4 and 5 out of 7 points for the total knowledge score, and 218 (49.8%) respondents scored below 4 points. The overall level of knowledge was significantly correlated with education and being employed. A higher level of knowledge was associated with a higher level of education (university level). Regression analysis showed that having less than a university degree was a significant factor in poor knowledge in six domains, including anatomy, physiology, etiology, progression, treatment, and available resources. Conclusion: Knowledge of CKD in the Saudi population remains low. Only half of our surveyed respondents had sufficient knowledge and awareness of CKD. Knowledge of CKD tends to be lower among people who are less educated and unemployed. A strategic and targeted approach for information dissemination campaigns is needed to educate the general public, particularly those who are less educated and those in the unemployed sector of the community.

Keywords:
Chronic kidney disease, awareness, knowledge, risk, Saudi Arabia


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Chronic kidney disease: awareness in the Saudi population


Authors
Nasser Yousef Alhowaish
Medical Resident, Internal Medicine Department, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Yazeed Abdullah Alhusainy
Medical Resident, Internal Medicine Department, King Faisal Specialized Hospital & Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Nasser Yousef Alhowaish, Medical Resident, Internal Medicine Department, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; nayuaish@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 02 Oct 2021
Accepted 16 Jan 2022
Published online 16 Jan 2022
Published in print 03 Mar 2022

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Pubmed Style

Alhowaish NY, Alhusainy YA. Chronic kidney disease: awareness in the Saudi population. IJMDC. 2022; 6(4): 564-573. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633179977


Web Style

Alhowaish NY, Alhusainy YA. Chronic kidney disease: awareness in the Saudi population. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=129587 [Access: August 18, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633179977


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alhowaish NY, Alhusainy YA. Chronic kidney disease: awareness in the Saudi population. IJMDC. 2022; 6(4): 564-573. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633179977


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alhowaish NY, Alhusainy YA. Chronic kidney disease: awareness in the Saudi population. IJMDC. (2022), [cited August 18, 2022]; 6(4): 564-573. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633179977


Harvard Style

Alhowaish, N. Y. & Alhusainy, . Y. A. (2022) Chronic kidney disease: awareness in the Saudi population. IJMDC, 6 (4), 564-573. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633179977


Turabian Style

Alhowaish, Nasser Yousef, and Yazeed Abdullah Alhusainy. 2022. Chronic kidney disease: awareness in the Saudi population. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (4), 564-573. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633179977


Chicago Style

Alhowaish, Nasser Yousef, and Yazeed Abdullah Alhusainy. "Chronic kidney disease: awareness in the Saudi population." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 564-573. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633179977


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alhowaish, Nasser Yousef, and Yazeed Abdullah Alhusainy. "Chronic kidney disease: awareness in the Saudi population." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.4 (2022), 564-573. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633179977


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alhowaish, N. Y. & Alhusainy, . Y. A. (2022) Chronic kidney disease: awareness in the Saudi population. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (4), 564-573. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1633179977


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