Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1540-1548

Complementary and alternative medicine as preferable management of epilepsy among the population of Makkah City: a cross-sectional study

Authors: Bushra Albarnawi, Khadija Habib, Majd Almehmadi, Asmaa Alsaeigh, Albaraa Ashoor, Amal Alkhotani.

ABSTRACT

Background: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) usage is widespread. Epilepsy patients may believe in administering CAM as a therapy. However, evidence-based data about frequency, types, and drivers for CAM use are scarce. This study aimed at evaluating CAM as preferable management of epilepsy among the population of Makkah City. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study conducted In Makkah, involving adult patients aged ≥18 years diagnosed with epilepsy using a survey questionnaire for 10 months in 2021. Results: Out of the screened patients, a total of 131 patients fulfilled inclusion criteria, (100%) agreed to participate in the study with a mean age (±SD) of 31.4 ± 12.3 years, and 76 (58%) patients were males. About 56.5% of the patients tried using any type of CAM. The most commonly used CAM types were religious healers (78.4%), followed by herbal (56.8%), cupping (33.8%), and acupuncture (33.8%). 52.7% reported that they had no benefit. In comparison, 28.4% reported feeling better and more relaxed, 17.6% experienced staying positive, 12.2% of patients had reduced symptoms or side effects, and 9.5% had more feeling of being in control. Most patients (86.5%) had no complications from CAM. No significant predictive factors were detected for the use of CAM as regards age, gender, education, employment, seizure frequency, and duration, in addition to a family history of epilepsy or usage or compliance to antiepileptic drugs. Conclusion: Almost half of the people with epilepsy used CAM, mainly through religious healers or herbal medicine. Half of them reported no benefit from CAM usage. Most of them had no complications.

Keywords:
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), adults, epilepsy, religious healers, herbal medicine, cupping, acupuncture.


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Complementary and alternative medicine as preferable management of epilepsy among the population of Makkah City: a cross-sectional study


Authors
Bushra Albarnawi
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University (UQU), Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khadija Habib
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University (UQU), Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Majd Almehmadi
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University (UQU), Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Asmaa Alsaeigh
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University (UQU), Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Albaraa Ashoor
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University (UQU), Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amal Alkhotani
Department of Medicine, Medical College, Umm Alqura University (UQU) Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University (UQU), Makkah, Saudi Arabia.; Bushrabr43.bb@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 23 Oct 2022
Accepted 01 Nov 2022
Published online 10 Nov 2022
Published in print 26 Nov 2022

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Pubmed Style

Albarnawi B, Habib K, Almehmadi M, Alsaeigh A, Ashoor A, Alkhotani A. Complementary and alternative medicine as preferable management of epilepsy among the population of Makkah City: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1540-1548. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1666541102


Web Style

Albarnawi B, Habib K, Almehmadi M, Alsaeigh A, Ashoor A, Alkhotani A. Complementary and alternative medicine as preferable management of epilepsy among the population of Makkah City: a cross-sectional study. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=123913 [Access: January 29, 2023]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1666541102


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Albarnawi B, Habib K, Almehmadi M, Alsaeigh A, Ashoor A, Alkhotani A. Complementary and alternative medicine as preferable management of epilepsy among the population of Makkah City: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1540-1548. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1666541102


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Albarnawi B, Habib K, Almehmadi M, Alsaeigh A, Ashoor A, Alkhotani A. Complementary and alternative medicine as preferable management of epilepsy among the population of Makkah City: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2022), [cited January 29, 2023]; 6(12): 1540-1548. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1666541102


Harvard Style

Albarnawi, B., Habib, . K., Almehmadi, . M., Alsaeigh, . A., Ashoor, . A. & Alkhotani, . A. (2022) Complementary and alternative medicine as preferable management of epilepsy among the population of Makkah City: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 6 (12), 1540-1548. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1666541102


Turabian Style

Albarnawi, Bushra, Khadija Habib, Majd Almehmadi, Asmaa Alsaeigh, Albaraa Ashoor, and Amal Alkhotani. 2022. Complementary and alternative medicine as preferable management of epilepsy among the population of Makkah City: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (12), 1540-1548. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1666541102


Chicago Style

Albarnawi, Bushra, Khadija Habib, Majd Almehmadi, Asmaa Alsaeigh, Albaraa Ashoor, and Amal Alkhotani. "Complementary and alternative medicine as preferable management of epilepsy among the population of Makkah City: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 1540-1548. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1666541102


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Albarnawi, Bushra, Khadija Habib, Majd Almehmadi, Asmaa Alsaeigh, Albaraa Ashoor, and Amal Alkhotani. "Complementary and alternative medicine as preferable management of epilepsy among the population of Makkah City: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.12 (2022), 1540-1548. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1666541102


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Albarnawi, B., Habib, . K., Almehmadi, . M., Alsaeigh, . A., Ashoor, . A. & Alkhotani, . A. (2022) Complementary and alternative medicine as preferable management of epilepsy among the population of Makkah City: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (12), 1540-1548. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1666541102


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