Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 797-802

Influenza, Pneumococcal, and Hepatitis B Vaccination coverage and its determinants among diabetic patients at KAUH: A Single Center Cross-Sectional Study

Authors: Sarah Ahmed Alkhateeb, Rafeef Ahmed Bahafzalla, Hanan Mohammed Bamanie, Nouran Hossameldin Farag, Razan Abdullah Alharbi, Mona Abdullah Alfares.

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a significant public health problem due to its rising prevalence. Even though diabetic patients are immunologically vulnerable to developing all types of microbial infections, vaccination coverage rates remain low. This study aims to estimate influenza, pneumococcus, and hepatitis B vaccine coverage rates and their motivators and barriers among diabetic patients admitted to King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH). Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 340 diabetic patients of both types admitted to KAUH between January and June 2019. Data were collected using a validated questionnaire from previous research, consisting of 32 questions, and conducted through telephone surveys and personal interviews. Results: The prevalence of influenza, pneumococcus, and hepatitis B vaccine uptake was 32.3%, 3.2%, and 10.6%, respectively. The most common motivator for vaccinated patients was healthcare providersí advice. Unexpectedly, the most common barrier among non-vaccinated patients was the absence of specific healthcare providersí particular recommendations. Conclusion: The prevalence of patients who received all three vaccines was 1.17%, which is very low. Implementing Saudi guidelines for vaccine uptake among people with diabetes and the adherence to these guidelines in daily healthcare practice will boost the vaccine coverage rate. Results from studies comparing the hospitalization rates among those diabetic patients who are vaccinated as compared to those who are non-vaccinated should be used as evidence on the cost-effective value of vaccination.

Keywords:
Influenza, Pneumococcal, Hepatitis B Vaccination Coverage


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Influenza, Pneumococcal, and Hepatitis B Vaccination coverage and its determinants among diabetic patients at KAUH: A Single Center Cross-Sectional Study


Authors
Sarah Ahmed Alkhateeb
King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rafeef Ahmed Bahafzalla
King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hanan Mohammed Bamanie
King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nouran Hossameldin Farag
King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Razan Abdullah Alharbi
King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mona Abdullah Alfares
King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Sarah Ahmed Alkhateeb, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; saraaakh9@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 03 Jan 2021
Accepted 20 Jan 2021
Published online 20 Jan 2021
Published in print 04 Mar 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alkhateeb SA, Bahafzalla RA, Bamanie HM, Farag NH, Alharbi RA, Alfares MA. Influenza, Pneumococcal, and Hepatitis B Vaccination coverage and its determinants among diabetic patients at KAUH: A Single Center Cross-Sectional Study. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 797-802. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602525612


Web Style

Alkhateeb SA, Bahafzalla RA, Bamanie HM, Farag NH, Alharbi RA, Alfares MA. Influenza, Pneumococcal, and Hepatitis B Vaccination coverage and its determinants among diabetic patients at KAUH: A Single Center Cross-Sectional Study. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=12285 [Access: April 22, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602525612


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alkhateeb SA, Bahafzalla RA, Bamanie HM, Farag NH, Alharbi RA, Alfares MA. Influenza, Pneumococcal, and Hepatitis B Vaccination coverage and its determinants among diabetic patients at KAUH: A Single Center Cross-Sectional Study. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 797-802. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602525612


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alkhateeb SA, Bahafzalla RA, Bamanie HM, Farag NH, Alharbi RA, Alfares MA. Influenza, Pneumococcal, and Hepatitis B Vaccination coverage and its determinants among diabetic patients at KAUH: A Single Center Cross-Sectional Study. IJMDC. (2021), [cited April 22, 2021]; 5(3): 797-802. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602525612


Harvard Style

Alkhateeb, S. A., Bahafzalla, . R. A., Bamanie, . H. M., Farag, . N. H., Alharbi, . R. A. & Alfares, . M. A. (2021) Influenza, Pneumococcal, and Hepatitis B Vaccination coverage and its determinants among diabetic patients at KAUH: A Single Center Cross-Sectional Study. IJMDC, 5 (3), 797-802. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602525612


Turabian Style

Alkhateeb, Sarah Ahmed, Rafeef Ahmed Bahafzalla, Hanan Mohammed Bamanie, Nouran Hossameldin Farag, Razan Abdullah Alharbi, and Mona Abdullah Alfares. 2021. Influenza, Pneumococcal, and Hepatitis B Vaccination coverage and its determinants among diabetic patients at KAUH: A Single Center Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 797-802. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602525612


Chicago Style

Alkhateeb, Sarah Ahmed, Rafeef Ahmed Bahafzalla, Hanan Mohammed Bamanie, Nouran Hossameldin Farag, Razan Abdullah Alharbi, and Mona Abdullah Alfares. "Influenza, Pneumococcal, and Hepatitis B Vaccination coverage and its determinants among diabetic patients at KAUH: A Single Center Cross-Sectional Study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 797-802. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602525612


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alkhateeb, Sarah Ahmed, Rafeef Ahmed Bahafzalla, Hanan Mohammed Bamanie, Nouran Hossameldin Farag, Razan Abdullah Alharbi, and Mona Abdullah Alfares. "Influenza, Pneumococcal, and Hepatitis B Vaccination coverage and its determinants among diabetic patients at KAUH: A Single Center Cross-Sectional Study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.3 (2021), 797-802. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602525612


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alkhateeb, S. A., Bahafzalla, . R. A., Bamanie, . H. M., Farag, . N. H., Alharbi, . R. A. & Alfares, . M. A. (2021) Influenza, Pneumococcal, and Hepatitis B Vaccination coverage and its determinants among diabetic patients at KAUH: A Single Center Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 797-802. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602525612


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