Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(2): 239-244

Hospital admission related factors for pediatric asthmatic patients

Authors: Sara Seraj Abed, Israa Abdullah Malli, Hassan Khalid AlSubaie, Raad Ghazi S Alharbi, Shakr Fawaz Alwani, Omar Margi Alsaedi, Sultan Meshal Almutairi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Asthma is a major cause of morbidity among children. Uncontrolled conditions may interfere with daily activities, cause absenteeism, and increase crowds in emergency rooms. Objective: We aimed to investigate the factors associated with repeated hospital admissions at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This is a retrospective chart review that used a data collection sheet to obtain data from the electronic system (BestCare). The study was carried out in King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, Jeddah. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences was used to analyze the data. Results: In total, 202 patients were analyzed. Of these, 64% were males, and approximately half (48.5%) were 1 to 5 years of age, 28.5% were more than 5 years old, and 23% were less than 1 year of age. Of these, 42.5% had a history of previous admission due to asthma, and 18% had been admitted three times or more. The variables that were significantly associated with repeated admission were as follows: presence of comorbidity (p value = 0.0196), education (p value = 0.0071), compliance to medications (p value < 0.0001), pediatric intensive care unit admission (p value = 0.0002). Furthermore, the use of inhaled corticosteroids, bronchodilators, and long-acting beta-agonists was significantly associated with repeated admissions. Conclusion: A large percentage (42.5%) of the patients had a history of previous admissions. The current study revealed several factors that are associated with repeated admissions. Therefore, patient management should educate the patient and emphasize the importance of compliance with medications. Patient education should also elaborate on the factors that may increase the frequency of asthmatic attacks.

Keywords:
Asthma, hospitalization, readmission, pediatric, Saudi Arabia


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Hospital admission related factors for pediatric asthmatic patients


Authors
Sara Seraj Abed
Department of Pediatrics, King Abdulaziz Medical City- Western Region, Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs (MNGHA), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Israa Abdullah Malli
College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Hassan Khalid AlSubaie
King Abdullah International Medical Research Center (KAIMRC)- Western Region, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Raad Ghazi S Alharbi
College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Shakr Fawaz Alwani
King Abdullah International Medical Research Center (KAIMRC)- Western Region, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Omar Margi Alsaedi
King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Sultan Meshal Almutairi
King Abdullah International Medical Research Center (KAIMRC)- Western Region, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Sara Seraj Abed, Department of Pediatrics, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Western Region, Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs (MNGHA), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.; abedsa@ngha.Med.sa

Publication history
Received 11 Sep 2021
Accepted 23 Dec 2021
Published online 04 Jan 2022
Published in print 19 Jan 2022

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Pubmed Style

Abed SS, Malli IA, AlSubaie HK, Alharbi RGS, Alwani SF, Alsaedi OM, Almutairi SM. Hospital admission related factors for pediatric asthmatic patients. IJMDC. 2022; 6(2): 239-244. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631057544


Web Style

Abed SS, Malli IA, AlSubaie HK, Alharbi RGS, Alwani SF, Alsaedi OM, Almutairi SM. Hospital admission related factors for pediatric asthmatic patients. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=121472 [Access: May 25, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631057544


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abed SS, Malli IA, AlSubaie HK, Alharbi RGS, Alwani SF, Alsaedi OM, Almutairi SM. Hospital admission related factors for pediatric asthmatic patients. IJMDC. 2022; 6(2): 239-244. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631057544


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abed SS, Malli IA, AlSubaie HK, Alharbi RGS, Alwani SF, Alsaedi OM, Almutairi SM. Hospital admission related factors for pediatric asthmatic patients. IJMDC. (2022), [cited May 25, 2022]; 6(2): 239-244. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631057544


Harvard Style

Abed, S. S., Malli, . I. A., AlSubaie, . H. K., Alharbi, . R. G. S., Alwani, . S. F., Alsaedi, . O. M. & Almutairi, . S. M. (2022) Hospital admission related factors for pediatric asthmatic patients. IJMDC, 6 (2), 239-244. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631057544


Turabian Style

Abed, Sara Seraj, Israa Abdullah Malli, Hassan Khalid AlSubaie, Raad Ghazi S Alharbi, Shakr Fawaz Alwani, Omar Margi Alsaedi, and Sultan Meshal Almutairi. 2022. Hospital admission related factors for pediatric asthmatic patients. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (2), 239-244. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631057544


Chicago Style

Abed, Sara Seraj, Israa Abdullah Malli, Hassan Khalid AlSubaie, Raad Ghazi S Alharbi, Shakr Fawaz Alwani, Omar Margi Alsaedi, and Sultan Meshal Almutairi. "Hospital admission related factors for pediatric asthmatic patients." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 239-244. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631057544


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abed, Sara Seraj, Israa Abdullah Malli, Hassan Khalid AlSubaie, Raad Ghazi S Alharbi, Shakr Fawaz Alwani, Omar Margi Alsaedi, and Sultan Meshal Almutairi. "Hospital admission related factors for pediatric asthmatic patients." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.2 (2022), 239-244. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631057544


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abed, S. S., Malli, . I. A., AlSubaie, . H. K., Alharbi, . R. G. S., Alwani, . S. F., Alsaedi, . O. M. & Almutairi, . S. M. (2022) Hospital admission related factors for pediatric asthmatic patients. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (2), 239-244. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631057544


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