Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1494-1502

Public awareness of colon cancer screening and barriers to help-seeking in Saudi men using cancer awareness measure questionnaire

Authors: Maram A. Alaqel, Badar A. Almuhaya, Rana A. Aljunidel, Khaled Aljedia, Sara H. Alqahtani, Sulaiman A. Alshammari.

ABSTRACT

Background: In men, colorectal cancer (CRC) is ranked third globally. Screening for CRC is necessary as it has a long duration between early and advanced stages. Thus, this study aimed to explore public awareness regarding colon cancer screening and barriers to delayed help-seeking among Saudi men. Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study conducted among Saudi males aged 45-75 years, who were eligible for colonoscopy screening and were not diagnosed with CRC yet. The Cancer Awareness Measure self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from participants. Results: A total of 449 males participated in this study; around 51% had heard about CRC and 17.4% had heard about colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) methods. Almost 4.5% reported shyness, as the barrier to doing colonoscopy. Around 33%, 30%, 15%-20%, and 18% of men obtained the maximum score of knowledge regarding risk factors, signs and symptoms, susceptibility, and awareness of CRCS, respectively. The most known risk factor was smoking, and the highest factor for immediate help-seeking was the presence of blood in feces. The most important barriers were appointment scheduling, followed by fear of diagnosis, and the lowest barrier was transportation. Conclusion: The overall awareness of CRCS was found among almost one-half of the participants. For instance, awareness should be increased, as early diagnosis is critical for reducing mortality due to CRC and for a better prognosis. Additionally, CRC has a high potential for treatment if detected early.

Keywords:
Awareness, CRCS, barriers, Saudi men, help-seeking.


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Public awareness of colon cancer screening and barriers to help-seeking in Saudi men using cancer awareness measure questionnaire


Authors
Maram A Alaqel
Resident in cluster one, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Badar A Almuhaya
Resident in cluster one, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rana A Aljunidel
Resident in cluster one, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khaled Aljedia
Resident in cluster one, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sara H Alqahtani
Resident in cluster one, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sulaiman A Alshammari
The Health Promotion and Health Education research chair, Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. The Health Promotion and Health Education research chair, Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; amsahsa@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 16 Oct 2022
Accepted 22 Oct 2022
Published online 10 Nov 2022
Published in print 26 Nov 2022

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Pubmed Style

Alaqel MA, Almuhaya BA, Aljunidel RA, Aljedia K, Alqahtani SH, Alshammari SA. Public awareness of colon cancer screening and barriers to help-seeking in Saudi men using cancer awareness measure questionnaire. IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1494-1502. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665951271


Web Style

Alaqel MA, Almuhaya BA, Aljunidel RA, Aljedia K, Alqahtani SH, Alshammari SA. Public awareness of colon cancer screening and barriers to help-seeking in Saudi men using cancer awareness measure questionnaire. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=121286 [Access: January 29, 2023]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665951271


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alaqel MA, Almuhaya BA, Aljunidel RA, Aljedia K, Alqahtani SH, Alshammari SA. Public awareness of colon cancer screening and barriers to help-seeking in Saudi men using cancer awareness measure questionnaire. IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1494-1502. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665951271


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alaqel MA, Almuhaya BA, Aljunidel RA, Aljedia K, Alqahtani SH, Alshammari SA. Public awareness of colon cancer screening and barriers to help-seeking in Saudi men using cancer awareness measure questionnaire. IJMDC. (2022), [cited January 29, 2023]; 6(12): 1494-1502. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665951271


Harvard Style

Alaqel, M. A., Almuhaya, . B. A., Aljunidel, . R. A., Aljedia, . K., Alqahtani, . S. H. & Alshammari, . S. A. (2022) Public awareness of colon cancer screening and barriers to help-seeking in Saudi men using cancer awareness measure questionnaire. IJMDC, 6 (12), 1494-1502. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665951271


Turabian Style

Alaqel, Maram A., Badar A. Almuhaya, Rana A. Aljunidel, Khaled Aljedia, Sara H. Alqahtani, and Sulaiman A. Alshammari. 2022. Public awareness of colon cancer screening and barriers to help-seeking in Saudi men using cancer awareness measure questionnaire. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (12), 1494-1502. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665951271


Chicago Style

Alaqel, Maram A., Badar A. Almuhaya, Rana A. Aljunidel, Khaled Aljedia, Sara H. Alqahtani, and Sulaiman A. Alshammari. "Public awareness of colon cancer screening and barriers to help-seeking in Saudi men using cancer awareness measure questionnaire." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 1494-1502. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665951271


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alaqel, Maram A., Badar A. Almuhaya, Rana A. Aljunidel, Khaled Aljedia, Sara H. Alqahtani, and Sulaiman A. Alshammari. "Public awareness of colon cancer screening and barriers to help-seeking in Saudi men using cancer awareness measure questionnaire." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.12 (2022), 1494-1502. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665951271


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alaqel, M. A., Almuhaya, . B. A., Aljunidel, . R. A., Aljedia, . K., Alqahtani, . S. H. & Alshammari, . S. A. (2022) Public awareness of colon cancer screening and barriers to help-seeking in Saudi men using cancer awareness measure questionnaire. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (12), 1494-1502. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665951271


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