Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1478-1486

Awareness, knowledge, and attitude of pharyngitis, antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance and health-seeking behaviors among Al Qassim population, 2022

Authors: Abdullah Ahmed Alzamil, Abdulhakeem Naffa Almutairi, Saud Madallah Alhumud, Suliman Saleh Alotaieq, Abdulaziz Muaddi Alotaibi, Abdullah Khalid Alshebili.

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute pharyngitis is a common infection and people cannot differentiate viral pictures from bacterial ones. The lack of differentiation on when to use antibiotics might lead to misuse. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the knowledge, and attitude of the Al Qassim population toward pharyngitis, antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance, and health-seeking behaviors. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Al Qassim, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from June to October 2022. The data were collected using the Arabic version of a validated self-administrative online questionnaire, which consisted of four sections including socio-demographic data, awareness of symptoms and risk factors of bacterial or viral pharyngitis, knowledge about the treatment of pharyngitis, antibiotic resistance and the difference between viral and bacterial pharyngitis, and the desire for knowledge about pharyngitis examination, causes, treatment, complications, the desire for antibiotics, and others. Results: In this study, data were collected from 431 participants, of whom 55.7% were males and 68.4% were younger than 40 years old. Most participants reported that they have had sore and dry throat before (91.5%). Moreover, 45.5% of participants reported that symptoms of a sore throat lasted for 2-3 days. Considering the cause, cold or flu was the most common (50.6%), followed by air conditioning (37.1%). Additionally, 36.4% strongly disagreed with the need for an antibiotic. Conclusion: A high prevalence of sore throat was found, and most participants had good knowledge and attitude toward dependence on antibiotics during sore throat.

Keywords:
Pharyngitis, awareness, knowledge, attitude, antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance.


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Awareness, knowledge, and attitude of pharyngitis, antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance and health-seeking behaviors among Al Qassim population, 2022


Authors
Abdullah Ahmed Alzamil
Medical Intern, Qassim University, Unaizah, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulhakeem Naffa Almutairi
Assistant Professor, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Saud Madallah Alhumud
Medical Intern, Qassim University, Unaizah, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Suliman Saleh Alotaieq
Medical Intern, Qassim University, Unaizah, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulaziz Muaddi Alotaibi
Medical Intern, Qassim University, Unaizah, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdullah Khalid Alshebili
Ministry of Health, Unaizah, Qassim, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Abdullah Ahmed Alzamil, Medical Intern, Qassim University, Unaizah, Qassim, Saudi Arabia.; Abdullah8170@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 14 Oct 2022
Accepted 23 Oct 2022
Published online 29 Oct 2022
Published in print 26 Nov 2022

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Pubmed Style

Alzamil AA, Almutairi AN, Alhumud SM, Alotaieq SS, Alotaibi AM, Alshebili AK. Awareness, knowledge, and attitude of pharyngitis, antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance and health-seeking behaviors among Al Qassim population, 2022. IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1478-1486. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665777716


Web Style

Alzamil AA, Almutairi AN, Alhumud SM, Alotaieq SS, Alotaibi AM, Alshebili AK. Awareness, knowledge, and attitude of pharyngitis, antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance and health-seeking behaviors among Al Qassim population, 2022. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=120893 [Access: January 29, 2023]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665777716


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alzamil AA, Almutairi AN, Alhumud SM, Alotaieq SS, Alotaibi AM, Alshebili AK. Awareness, knowledge, and attitude of pharyngitis, antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance and health-seeking behaviors among Al Qassim population, 2022. IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1478-1486. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665777716


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alzamil AA, Almutairi AN, Alhumud SM, Alotaieq SS, Alotaibi AM, Alshebili AK. Awareness, knowledge, and attitude of pharyngitis, antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance and health-seeking behaviors among Al Qassim population, 2022. IJMDC. (2022), [cited January 29, 2023]; 6(12): 1478-1486. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665777716


Harvard Style

Alzamil, A. A., Almutairi, . A. N., Alhumud, . S. M., Alotaieq, . S. S., Alotaibi, . A. M. & Alshebili, . A. K. (2022) Awareness, knowledge, and attitude of pharyngitis, antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance and health-seeking behaviors among Al Qassim population, 2022. IJMDC, 6 (12), 1478-1486. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665777716


Turabian Style

Alzamil, Abdullah Ahmed, Abdulhakeem Naffa Almutairi, Saud Madallah Alhumud, Suliman Saleh Alotaieq, Abdulaziz Muaddi Alotaibi, and Abdullah Khalid Alshebili. 2022. Awareness, knowledge, and attitude of pharyngitis, antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance and health-seeking behaviors among Al Qassim population, 2022. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (12), 1478-1486. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665777716


Chicago Style

Alzamil, Abdullah Ahmed, Abdulhakeem Naffa Almutairi, Saud Madallah Alhumud, Suliman Saleh Alotaieq, Abdulaziz Muaddi Alotaibi, and Abdullah Khalid Alshebili. "Awareness, knowledge, and attitude of pharyngitis, antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance and health-seeking behaviors among Al Qassim population, 2022." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 1478-1486. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665777716


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alzamil, Abdullah Ahmed, Abdulhakeem Naffa Almutairi, Saud Madallah Alhumud, Suliman Saleh Alotaieq, Abdulaziz Muaddi Alotaibi, and Abdullah Khalid Alshebili. "Awareness, knowledge, and attitude of pharyngitis, antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance and health-seeking behaviors among Al Qassim population, 2022." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.12 (2022), 1478-1486. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665777716


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alzamil, A. A., Almutairi, . A. N., Alhumud, . S. M., Alotaieq, . S. S., Alotaibi, . A. M. & Alshebili, . A. K. (2022) Awareness, knowledge, and attitude of pharyngitis, antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance and health-seeking behaviors among Al Qassim population, 2022. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (12), 1478-1486. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1665777716


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