Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1464-1472

The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia control in patients in KSUMC, Riyadh

Authors: Sulaiman A. Al-Shammari, Faisal Y. Asiri, Ziad H. Alanazi, Adnan N. Alkhaldi, Abdul Majeed S. AlMutairi, Abdulaziz F. Alangari, Abdulkarim M. Alharbi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Previous studies on the COVID-19 lockdown reported contradictory evidence on controlling diabetes, hypertension (HT), and dyslipidemia (DLD). Thus, this study aimed to determine pre- and post-lockdown diabetes, HT, and DLD control with patient characteristics and predict positive or negative lockdown changes. Methods: Three hundred and fifty-five randomly selected patients from King Saud University Medical City (KSUMC) in Riyadh were studied between January 2019 and February 2020 using electronic medical records and phone calls to collect the data. Demographic, biomedical, medication, admission, blood glucose measurement, emergency room visits, and lifestyle data were collected. Results: The mean body mass index was increased in all demographic variables, particularly in people below the age of 60, and also in males and females (0.054 and 0.172, respectively) after the lockdown. All demographic variables showed a decrease in mean hemoglobin A1c difference. The mean systolic blood pressure difference between patients below the age of 60 and above the age of 60 was 2.00 (0.5491) and 4.54 (1.0812), respectively. 86.5% of the patients accounted for compliance with medications. In addition, 21.40% of the patients exercised regularly, and 36.60% did not follow a diet. Conclusion: Minor lab changes indicated stable conditions during the lockdown. KSUMC’s telemedicine and virtual clinics contributed to this stability. The Ministry of Health’s free online consultations were also helpful. A blended clinic (physical and virtual) seemed effective, especially during the pandemic.

Keywords:
COVID-19, lockdown, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, lifestyle.


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The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia control in patients in KSUMC, Riyadh


Authors
Sulaiman A Al-Shammari
Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Faisal Y Asiri
College of Medicine, King Saud University Medical City Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ziad H Alanazi
College of Medicine, King Saud University Medical City Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Adnan N Alkhaldi
College of Medicine, King Saud University Medical City Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdul Majeed S AlMutairi
College of Medicine, King Saud University Medical City Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulaziz F Alangari
College of Medicine, King Saud University Medical City Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulkarim M Alharbi
College of Medicine, King Saud University Medical City Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Faisal Y. Asiri, College of Medicine, King Saud University Medical City Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; Faisal.19962012@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 05 Oct 2022
Accepted 21 Oct 2022
Published online 31 Oct 2022
Published in print 26 Nov 2022

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Pubmed Style

Al-Shammari SA, Asiri FY, Alanazi ZH, Alkhaldi AN, AlMutairi AMS, Alangari AF, Alharbi AM. The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia control in patients in KSUMC, Riyadh. IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1464-1472. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664983561


Web Style

Al-Shammari SA, Asiri FY, Alanazi ZH, Alkhaldi AN, AlMutairi AMS, Alangari AF, Alharbi AM. The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia control in patients in KSUMC, Riyadh. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=119311 [Access: January 29, 2023]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664983561


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Al-Shammari SA, Asiri FY, Alanazi ZH, Alkhaldi AN, AlMutairi AMS, Alangari AF, Alharbi AM. The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia control in patients in KSUMC, Riyadh. IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1464-1472. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664983561


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Al-Shammari SA, Asiri FY, Alanazi ZH, Alkhaldi AN, AlMutairi AMS, Alangari AF, Alharbi AM. The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia control in patients in KSUMC, Riyadh. IJMDC. (2022), [cited January 29, 2023]; 6(12): 1464-1472. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664983561


Harvard Style

Al-Shammari, S. A., Asiri, . F. Y., Alanazi, . Z. H., Alkhaldi, . A. N., AlMutairi, . A. M. S., Alangari, . A. F. & Alharbi, . A. M. (2022) The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia control in patients in KSUMC, Riyadh. IJMDC, 6 (12), 1464-1472. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664983561


Turabian Style

Al-Shammari, Sulaiman A., Faisal Y. Asiri, Ziad H. Alanazi, Adnan N. Alkhaldi, Abdul Majeed S. AlMutairi, Abdulaziz F. Alangari, and Abdulkarim M. Alharbi. 2022. The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia control in patients in KSUMC, Riyadh. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (12), 1464-1472. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664983561


Chicago Style

Al-Shammari, Sulaiman A., Faisal Y. Asiri, Ziad H. Alanazi, Adnan N. Alkhaldi, Abdul Majeed S. AlMutairi, Abdulaziz F. Alangari, and Abdulkarim M. Alharbi. "The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia control in patients in KSUMC, Riyadh." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 1464-1472. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664983561


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Al-Shammari, Sulaiman A., Faisal Y. Asiri, Ziad H. Alanazi, Adnan N. Alkhaldi, Abdul Majeed S. AlMutairi, Abdulaziz F. Alangari, and Abdulkarim M. Alharbi. "The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia control in patients in KSUMC, Riyadh." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.12 (2022), 1464-1472. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664983561


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Al-Shammari, S. A., Asiri, . F. Y., Alanazi, . Z. H., Alkhaldi, . A. N., AlMutairi, . A. M. S., Alangari, . A. F. & Alharbi, . A. M. (2022) The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia control in patients in KSUMC, Riyadh. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (12), 1464-1472. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664983561


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