IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1565-1571

Endogenous endophthalmitis among people with diabetes; a review

Authors: Elham Alharbi, Ashjan Bamahfouz, Ahmad Alzubaidi, Salah Bakry, Rahma Alqthmi.

ABSTRACT

Although endogenous endophthalmitis (EE) among diabetic individuals (DEE) is uncommon, the prevalence of the condition has recently increased due to better intensive healthcare services available and increased longevity of critically ill patients with systemic infections. The existing literature was critically reviewed on DEE and its present incidence, risk factors, causative organisms, management, outcomes, and proposed measures to improve its public health approach. This review is of critical importance, as the COVID-19 pandemic has increased the risk of EE for diabetic patients as a result of a systemic infection. Aggressive glycemic control is concurrent with patient care for DEE management, which requires lifelong maintenance. Early detection and standard management are crucial for patients’ visual recovery. Still, a guarded prognosis is given to patients and relatives as outcomes are not always predictable. There is a need for the teamwork of ophthalmologists with other health professionals and patients throughout the management. The causative organisms, early pharmacotherapy suitable for the identified organisms, and pars plana vitrectomy are predictors of visual outcomes. DEE patients need lifelong eye care.

Keywords:
Endogenous endophthalmitis, diabetic endogenous endophthalmitis, diabetes, COVID-19.


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Endogenous endophthalmitis among people with diabetes; a review


Authors
Elham Alharbi
Alnoor Specialist Hospital, Ophthalmology Department, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ashjan Bamahfouz
Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ahmad Alzubaidi
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Salah Bakry
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rahma Alqthmi
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Elham Alharbi, Alnoor Specialist Hospital, Ophthalmology Department, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.; Elhamrashed@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 01 Oct 2022
Accepted 23 Oct 2022
Published online 07 Nov 2022
Published in print 26 Nov 2022

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Pubmed Style

Alharbi E, Bamahfouz A, Alzubaidi A, Bakry S, Alqthmi R. Endogenous endophthalmitis among people with diabetes; a review. IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1565-1571. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664628140


Web Style

Alharbi E, Bamahfouz A, Alzubaidi A, Bakry S, Alqthmi R. Endogenous endophthalmitis among people with diabetes; a review. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=118674 [Access: January 29, 2023]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664628140


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alharbi E, Bamahfouz A, Alzubaidi A, Bakry S, Alqthmi R. Endogenous endophthalmitis among people with diabetes; a review. IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1565-1571. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664628140


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alharbi E, Bamahfouz A, Alzubaidi A, Bakry S, Alqthmi R. Endogenous endophthalmitis among people with diabetes; a review. IJMDC. (2022), [cited January 29, 2023]; 6(12): 1565-1571. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664628140


Harvard Style

Alharbi, E., Bamahfouz, . A., Alzubaidi, . A., Bakry, . S. & Alqthmi, . R. (2022) Endogenous endophthalmitis among people with diabetes; a review. IJMDC, 6 (12), 1565-1571. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664628140


Turabian Style

Alharbi, Elham, Ashjan Bamahfouz, Ahmad Alzubaidi, Salah Bakry, and Rahma Alqthmi. 2022. Endogenous endophthalmitis among people with diabetes; a review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (12), 1565-1571. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664628140


Chicago Style

Alharbi, Elham, Ashjan Bamahfouz, Ahmad Alzubaidi, Salah Bakry, and Rahma Alqthmi. "Endogenous endophthalmitis among people with diabetes; a review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 1565-1571. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664628140


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alharbi, Elham, Ashjan Bamahfouz, Ahmad Alzubaidi, Salah Bakry, and Rahma Alqthmi. "Endogenous endophthalmitis among people with diabetes; a review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.12 (2022), 1565-1571. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664628140


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alharbi, E., Bamahfouz, . A., Alzubaidi, . A., Bakry, . S. & Alqthmi, . R. (2022) Endogenous endophthalmitis among people with diabetes; a review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (12), 1565-1571. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1664628140


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