Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1676-1685

General public awareness of pilonidal sinus disease in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Saleh M. Alharby, Salma Sultan Alhajri, Amira Saud Alshammari, Fatemah Salman Alhadab, Rajis Nasser Aldosari, Sarah Abdurahman Alarfaj, Ahood Abdulrhman Altamimi, Nawaf Rajeh Alsuwayidi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Pilonidal sinus disease (PNS) is characterized with the formation of a small hole or tunnel beneath the skin of sacrococcygeal region located around the base of tail bone. The hole can occasionally become infected and painful under some circumstances. One of the most common reported risk factors of pilonidal sinus is prolonged sitting. This study aimed to assess the general public awareness of PNS in Saudi Arabia and to explore the relationship between level of awareness and different socio-demographic factors. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the general public of different regions in Saudi Arabia between June and August 2021. Pretested questionnaire was used in data collection. Data were encoded, entered, and analyzed using statistical package for social science version 23. Results: A total of 450 participants were enrolled, 76.7% of them were females (N = 345). 42.9% of the respondents had heard about PNS and their primary source of information was family and friends (25.1%). The mean awareness score was found to be 20.0 4.17. Only 93 (20.7%) of the participants had good awareness about PNS, while 357 (79.3%) had poor awareness. Significant associations were observed between age, nationality, marital status, occupational status, and family monthly income in relation to the level of awareness about PNS, with p-values of <0.001, 0.006, 0.004, 0.007, and <0.001, respectively. Those aged 18-25 years, non-Saudi Arabians national, single, unemployed, and had income between 10,000 and 14,999 Saudi Riyal are more significantly aware about PNS. No statistically significant association between gender and educational level with the level of awareness regarding PNS was found, p-value 0.083 and 0.066, respectively. Conclusion: Only about one quarter of the respondents have good general knowledge and awareness regarding PNS. These knowledge gaps need to be addressed and can be done through more involvement of health professionals in awareness campaigns such as social events. The media can also play crucial role, especially through TV programs and social media.

Keywords:
small hole, PNS, beneath, painful, symptoms, pilonidal, sinus.


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General public awareness of pilonidal sinus disease in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Saleh M Alharby
Primary Investigator, General Surgery Associate Consultant, Department of General Surgery, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Salma Sultan Alhajri
Medical Student, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Amira Saud Alshammari
Medical Student, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Fatemah Salman Alhadab
Medical Student, King Faisal Univerisity, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
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Rajis Nasser Aldosari
Medical Student, Al-Imam Mohammad ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sarah Abdurahman Alarfaj
Medical Student, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
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Ahood Abdulrhman Altamimi
Medical Student, Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Nawaf Rajeh Alsuwayidi
Pharm D, Prince Sultan Armed Forces Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Salma Sultan Alhajri, Medical Student, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; salmaalhajri11@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 21 Aug 2021
Accepted 28 Aug 2021
Published online 06 Sep 2021
Published in print 28 Sep 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alharby SM, Alhajri SS, Alshammari AS, Alhadab FS, Aldosari RN, Alarfaj SA, Altamimi AA, Alsuwayidi NR. General public awareness of pilonidal sinus disease in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1676-1685. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1629556350


Web Style

Alharby SM, Alhajri SS, Alshammari AS, Alhadab FS, Aldosari RN, Alarfaj SA, Altamimi AA, Alsuwayidi NR. General public awareness of pilonidal sinus disease in Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=113774 [Access: December 01, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1629556350


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alharby SM, Alhajri SS, Alshammari AS, Alhadab FS, Aldosari RN, Alarfaj SA, Altamimi AA, Alsuwayidi NR. General public awareness of pilonidal sinus disease in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1676-1685. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1629556350


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alharby SM, Alhajri SS, Alshammari AS, Alhadab FS, Aldosari RN, Alarfaj SA, Altamimi AA, Alsuwayidi NR. General public awareness of pilonidal sinus disease in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited December 01, 2021]; 5(9): 1676-1685. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1629556350


Harvard Style

Alharby, S. M., Alhajri, . S. S., Alshammari, . A. S., Alhadab, . F. S., Aldosari, . R. N., Alarfaj, . S. A., Altamimi, . A. A. & Alsuwayidi, . N. R. (2021) General public awareness of pilonidal sinus disease in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (9), 1676-1685. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1629556350


Turabian Style

Alharby, Saleh M., Salma Sultan Alhajri, Amira Saud Alshammari, Fatemah Salman Alhadab, Rajis Nasser Aldosari, Sarah Abdurahman Alarfaj, Ahood Abdulrhman Altamimi, and Nawaf Rajeh Alsuwayidi. 2021. General public awareness of pilonidal sinus disease in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (9), 1676-1685. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1629556350


Chicago Style

Alharby, Saleh M., Salma Sultan Alhajri, Amira Saud Alshammari, Fatemah Salman Alhadab, Rajis Nasser Aldosari, Sarah Abdurahman Alarfaj, Ahood Abdulrhman Altamimi, and Nawaf Rajeh Alsuwayidi. "General public awareness of pilonidal sinus disease in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1676-1685. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1629556350


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alharby, Saleh M., Salma Sultan Alhajri, Amira Saud Alshammari, Fatemah Salman Alhadab, Rajis Nasser Aldosari, Sarah Abdurahman Alarfaj, Ahood Abdulrhman Altamimi, and Nawaf Rajeh Alsuwayidi. "General public awareness of pilonidal sinus disease in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.9 (2021), 1676-1685. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1629556350


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alharby, S. M., Alhajri, . S. S., Alshammari, . A. S., Alhadab, . F. S., Aldosari, . R. N., Alarfaj, . S. A., Altamimi, . A. A. & Alsuwayidi, . N. R. (2021) General public awareness of pilonidal sinus disease in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (9), 1676-1685. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1629556350


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