E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
19 / 11 / 2022

 


The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Mohammed Saleh Hejazi, Nahed Abdulraheem Qashqary, Abdullah Ehab Rajab, Hussain Tariq Karawi, Hassan Adel Khafaji, Abdulrahman Musaad Almatrafi.


Abstract
Background: Malignant diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Thus, understanding the different risk factors related to their development, such as geographic location, to prevent and treat these diseases is very important. This study aims to describe the pattern of cancers seen in King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital (KAUH) in Jeddah during the period of 2016 to 2021.
Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in KAUH, Saudi Arabia. A total of 1,459 cases were obtained from Phoenix Database; the study population included all patients younger than 80 years of age with histologically confirmed malignancy in KAUH between 2016 and 2021. Hematological malignancies and non-histologically confirmed cases were excluded. All subjects were classified according to ICD-10.
Results: This study had 1,459 histologically diagnosed malignancies, of which females accounted for 60.3% and males accounted for 39.7% of cases. The mean age was 55 ± 16.9 years. The most common cancers overall were colorectal (23.5%), ovarian (15.2%), thyroid (14.5%), and breast cancer (12.1%).
Conclusion: The most common malignant diseases were colorectal cancer, ovarian cancer, thyroid cancer, and breast cancer. Many findings in our study were consistent with previous similar research done in different countries. Primary prevention is integral to cancer management; thus, increasing population awareness of carcinogenic risk factors is critical. The findings of this study should encourage the government to distribute resources efficiently to minimize the cancer-related healthcare burden and enhance community awareness.

Key words: Cancer, malignant, diseases, oncology, malignancy, pattern.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hejazi MS, Qashqary NA, Rajab AE, Karawi HT, Khafaji HA, Almatrafi AM. The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1442-1448. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604


Web Style

Hejazi MS, Qashqary NA, Rajab AE, Karawi HT, Khafaji HA, Almatrafi AM. The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=109960 [Access: February 28, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hejazi MS, Qashqary NA, Rajab AE, Karawi HT, Khafaji HA, Almatrafi AM. The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1442-1448. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hejazi MS, Qashqary NA, Rajab AE, Karawi HT, Khafaji HA, Almatrafi AM. The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2022), [cited February 28, 2024]; 6(12): 1442-1448. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604



Harvard Style

Hejazi, M. S., Qashqary, . N. A., Rajab, . A. E., Karawi, . H. T., Khafaji, . H. A. & Almatrafi, . A. M. (2022) The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 6 (12), 1442-1448. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604



Turabian Style

Hejazi, Mohammed Saleh, Nahed Abdulraheem Qashqary, Abdullah Ehab Rajab, Hussain Tariq Karawi, Hassan Adel Khafaji, and Abdulrahman Musaad Almatrafi. 2022. The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (12), 1442-1448. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604



Chicago Style

Hejazi, Mohammed Saleh, Nahed Abdulraheem Qashqary, Abdullah Ehab Rajab, Hussain Tariq Karawi, Hassan Adel Khafaji, and Abdulrahman Musaad Almatrafi. "The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 1442-1448. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hejazi, Mohammed Saleh, Nahed Abdulraheem Qashqary, Abdullah Ehab Rajab, Hussain Tariq Karawi, Hassan Adel Khafaji, and Abdulrahman Musaad Almatrafi. "The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.12 (2022), 1442-1448. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hejazi, M. S., Qashqary, . N. A., Rajab, . A. E., Karawi, . H. T., Khafaji, . H. A. & Almatrafi, . A. M. (2022) The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (12), 1442-1448. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604





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