Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1442-1448

The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Mohammed Saleh Hejazi, Nahed Abdulraheem Qashqary, Abdullah Ehab Rajab, Hussain Tariq Karawi, Hassan Adel Khafaji, Abdulrahman Musaad Almatrafi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Malignant diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Thus, understanding the different risk factors related to their development, such as geographic location, to prevent and treat these diseases is very important. This study aims to describe the pattern of cancers seen in King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital (KAUH) in Jeddah during the period of 2016 to 2021. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in KAUH, Saudi Arabia. A total of 1,459 cases were obtained from Phoenix Database; the study population included all patients younger than 80 years of age with histologically confirmed malignancy in KAUH between 2016 and 2021. Hematological malignancies and non-histologically confirmed cases were excluded. All subjects were classified according to ICD-10. Results: This study had 1,459 histologically diagnosed malignancies, of which females accounted for 60.3% and males accounted for 39.7% of cases. The mean age was 55 ± 16.9 years. The most common cancers overall were colorectal (23.5%), ovarian (15.2%), thyroid (14.5%), and breast cancer (12.1%). Conclusion: The most common malignant diseases were colorectal cancer, ovarian cancer, thyroid cancer, and breast cancer. Many findings in our study were consistent with previous similar research done in different countries. Primary prevention is integral to cancer management; thus, increasing population awareness of carcinogenic risk factors is critical. The findings of this study should encourage the government to distribute resources efficiently to minimize the cancer-related healthcare burden and enhance community awareness.

Keywords:
Cancer, malignant, diseases, oncology, malignancy, pattern.


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The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Mohammed Saleh Hejazi
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Nahed Abdulraheem Qashqary
Department of Medicine, Oncology Unit, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Abdullah Ehab Rajab
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Hussain Tariq Karawi
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Hassan Adel Khafaji
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulrahman Musaad Almatrafi
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.; Mohejazi1998@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 01 Sep 2022
Accepted 04 Nov 2022
Published online 19 Nov 2022
Published in print 26 Nov 2022

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Pubmed Style

Hejazi MS, Qashqary NA, Rajab AE, Karawi HT, Khafaji HA, Almatrafi AM. The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1442-1448. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604


Web Style

Hejazi MS, Qashqary NA, Rajab AE, Karawi HT, Khafaji HA, Almatrafi AM. The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=109960 [Access: January 29, 2023]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hejazi MS, Qashqary NA, Rajab AE, Karawi HT, Khafaji HA, Almatrafi AM. The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(12): 1442-1448. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hejazi MS, Qashqary NA, Rajab AE, Karawi HT, Khafaji HA, Almatrafi AM. The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2022), [cited January 29, 2023]; 6(12): 1442-1448. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604


Harvard Style

Hejazi, M. S., Qashqary, . N. A., Rajab, . A. E., Karawi, . H. T., Khafaji, . H. A. & Almatrafi, . A. M. (2022) The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 6 (12), 1442-1448. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604


Turabian Style

Hejazi, Mohammed Saleh, Nahed Abdulraheem Qashqary, Abdullah Ehab Rajab, Hussain Tariq Karawi, Hassan Adel Khafaji, and Abdulrahman Musaad Almatrafi. 2022. The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (12), 1442-1448. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604


Chicago Style

Hejazi, Mohammed Saleh, Nahed Abdulraheem Qashqary, Abdullah Ehab Rajab, Hussain Tariq Karawi, Hassan Adel Khafaji, and Abdulrahman Musaad Almatrafi. "The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 1442-1448. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hejazi, Mohammed Saleh, Nahed Abdulraheem Qashqary, Abdullah Ehab Rajab, Hussain Tariq Karawi, Hassan Adel Khafaji, and Abdulrahman Musaad Almatrafi. "The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.12 (2022), 1442-1448. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hejazi, M. S., Qashqary, . N. A., Rajab, . A. E., Karawi, . H. T., Khafaji, . H. A. & Almatrafi, . A. M. (2022) The pattern of malignant diseases in a university hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (12), 1442-1448. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1661765604


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