Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1655-1662

Prevalence and risk factors of migraine among medical students of Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Hammad Sunaid Alharbi, Amer A. Eisa, Majed H. Alhazmi, Abdulghani S. Sadaqa, Ahmed K. Mohorjy, Mokhtar M. Shatla.

ABSTRACT

Background: Migraine is a common complaint across medical students that can affect their academic performance. The aim of this study was to assess the migraine prevalence among medical students as well as migraine-associated risk factors, lifestyle and disability factors, triggers, and relieving factors. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the College of Medicine of Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. A web-based survey was used to collect data on participants' demographics. We identified those with migraines using the Migraine screen questionnaire and assessed the severity of migraines using the Migraine Disability Assessment Survey. Results: A total of 406 students participated in the study. Of them, 210 (51.7%) were men. A migraine prevalence of 23.2% was demonstrated. Among participants with migraines, 28 (29.78%) experienced severe attacks and 40 (42.5%) had migraines with aura. The most common trigger was irregular sleep, and the most frequent relieving factors were sleep, rest, and self-medication. There was a significant association between having migraines and being a woman (p = 0.00), being a sixth-year student (p = 0.007), having a family history of migraines (p = 0.00), and having a grade point average below three (p = 0.009). A total of 38 (40.4%) of students with migraines had a severe disability and 16 (17.0%) had a moderate disability. Conclusion: Migraine is a prevalent problem among medical students that can lead to poor academic performance. It is thus important to identify students with migraines to improve their lifestyle and academic outcomes.

Keywords:
Migraine, prevalence, risk factors, triggers, medical students, academic performance


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Prevalence and risk factors of migraine among medical students of Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Hammad Sunaid Alharbi
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amer A Eisa
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Majed H Alhazmi
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulghani S Sadaqa
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ahmed K Mohorjy
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mokhtar M Shatla
Department of Community and Pilgrims Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Hammad S. Alharbi, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.; Ham.Alharbi@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 05 Aug 2021
Accepted 12 Sep 2021
Published online 23 Sep 2021
Published in print 28 Sep 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alharbi HS, Eisa AA, Alhazmi MH, Sadaqa AS, Mohorjy AK, Shatla MM. Prevalence and risk factors of migraine among medical students of Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1655-1662. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628120436


Web Style

Alharbi HS, Eisa AA, Alhazmi MH, Sadaqa AS, Mohorjy AK, Shatla MM. Prevalence and risk factors of migraine among medical students of Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=106546 [Access: December 01, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628120436


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alharbi HS, Eisa AA, Alhazmi MH, Sadaqa AS, Mohorjy AK, Shatla MM. Prevalence and risk factors of migraine among medical students of Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1655-1662. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628120436


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alharbi HS, Eisa AA, Alhazmi MH, Sadaqa AS, Mohorjy AK, Shatla MM. Prevalence and risk factors of migraine among medical students of Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited December 01, 2021]; 5(9): 1655-1662. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628120436


Harvard Style

Alharbi, H. S., Eisa, . A. A., Alhazmi, . M. H., Sadaqa, . A. S., Mohorjy, . A. K. & Shatla, . M. M. (2021) Prevalence and risk factors of migraine among medical students of Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (9), 1655-1662. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628120436


Turabian Style

Alharbi, Hammad Sunaid, Amer A. Eisa, Majed H. Alhazmi, Abdulghani S. Sadaqa, Ahmed K. Mohorjy, and Mokhtar M. Shatla. 2021. Prevalence and risk factors of migraine among medical students of Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (9), 1655-1662. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628120436


Chicago Style

Alharbi, Hammad Sunaid, Amer A. Eisa, Majed H. Alhazmi, Abdulghani S. Sadaqa, Ahmed K. Mohorjy, and Mokhtar M. Shatla. "Prevalence and risk factors of migraine among medical students of Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1655-1662. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628120436


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alharbi, Hammad Sunaid, Amer A. Eisa, Majed H. Alhazmi, Abdulghani S. Sadaqa, Ahmed K. Mohorjy, and Mokhtar M. Shatla. "Prevalence and risk factors of migraine among medical students of Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.9 (2021), 1655-1662. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628120436


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alharbi, H. S., Eisa, . A. A., Alhazmi, . M. H., Sadaqa, . A. S., Mohorjy, . A. K. & Shatla, . M. M. (2021) Prevalence and risk factors of migraine among medical students of Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (9), 1655-1662. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628120436


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