Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1634-1640

Influence of gender and economic status on the level of Saudi awareness towards coronary artery diseases risk factors and its positive modifications

Authors: Faisal S. Alahmari, Fras W. Alhijli, Mohammed A. Alfadhel, Khaled A. Alkhudhairi, Sultan A. Aljohani, Mohammad R. Alshammri.

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) has been a significant cause of mortality in Saudi Arabia in recent years. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the influence of gender and economic status on Saudi awareness of CAD risk factors and their positive modifications. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted distributing an online digital questionnaire at Imam Mohamed- Ibn-Saud University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The sample size was estimated to assume that 50% is the expected prevalence, 95% confidence level, and 5% margin of error resulting in 384 individuals. Results: The study included 406 participants, 274 (67.5%) were males, and 132 (32.5%) were females aged 17-35 years with a mean age of 21 years. Around 83.3% (84% males and 82% females) believed that tobacco smoking was a risk for CAD. About 90.4% (60.6% males and 91.7% females) believed that physical inactivity was a risk for CAD. About 87% (89% males and 83% females) believed that regular fast-food intake was a risk for CAD. About 67% (69% males and 63% females) believed that regular soft drink intake was a risk for CAD. Conclusion: The awareness levels toward CAD modifiable risk factors were relatively low among people in Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University. Gender difference had an insignificant role in the level of awareness. There were somewhat higher CAD modifiable risk factors rates among the studied population, increasing with a decrease in monthly income. The population had a strong welling to modify their risk status.

Keywords:
Heart disease, coronary artery disease, heart attack, obesity, hypertension, diabetes


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Influence of gender and economic status on the level of Saudi awareness towards coronary artery diseases risk factors and its positive modifications


Authors
Faisal S Alahmari
College of Medicine, Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Fras W Alhijli
College of Medicine, Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed A Alfadhel
College of Medicine, Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khaled A Alkhudhairi
College of Medicine, Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sultan A Aljohani
College of Medicine, Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammad R Alshammri
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; shammri@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 07 Aug 2021
Accepted 12 Sep 2021
Published online 12 Sep 2021
Published in print 28 Sep 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alahmari FS, Alhijli FW, Alfadhel MA, Alkhudhairi KA, Aljohani SA, Alshammri MR. Influence of gender and economic status on the level of Saudi awareness towards coronary artery diseases risk factors and its positive modifications. IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1634-1640. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1627327523


Web Style

Alahmari FS, Alhijli FW, Alfadhel MA, Alkhudhairi KA, Aljohani SA, Alshammri MR. Influence of gender and economic status on the level of Saudi awareness towards coronary artery diseases risk factors and its positive modifications. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=102293 [Access: December 01, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1627327523


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alahmari FS, Alhijli FW, Alfadhel MA, Alkhudhairi KA, Aljohani SA, Alshammri MR. Influence of gender and economic status on the level of Saudi awareness towards coronary artery diseases risk factors and its positive modifications. IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1634-1640. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1627327523


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alahmari FS, Alhijli FW, Alfadhel MA, Alkhudhairi KA, Aljohani SA, Alshammri MR. Influence of gender and economic status on the level of Saudi awareness towards coronary artery diseases risk factors and its positive modifications. IJMDC. (2021), [cited December 01, 2021]; 5(9): 1634-1640. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1627327523


Harvard Style

Alahmari, F. S., Alhijli, . F. W., Alfadhel, . M. A., Alkhudhairi, . K. A., Aljohani, . S. A. & Alshammri, . M. R. (2021) Influence of gender and economic status on the level of Saudi awareness towards coronary artery diseases risk factors and its positive modifications. IJMDC, 5 (9), 1634-1640. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1627327523


Turabian Style

Alahmari, Faisal S., Fras W. Alhijli, Mohammed A. Alfadhel, Khaled A. Alkhudhairi, Sultan A. Aljohani, and Mohammad R. Alshammri. 2021. Influence of gender and economic status on the level of Saudi awareness towards coronary artery diseases risk factors and its positive modifications. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (9), 1634-1640. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1627327523


Chicago Style

Alahmari, Faisal S., Fras W. Alhijli, Mohammed A. Alfadhel, Khaled A. Alkhudhairi, Sultan A. Aljohani, and Mohammad R. Alshammri. "Influence of gender and economic status on the level of Saudi awareness towards coronary artery diseases risk factors and its positive modifications." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1634-1640. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1627327523


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alahmari, Faisal S., Fras W. Alhijli, Mohammed A. Alfadhel, Khaled A. Alkhudhairi, Sultan A. Aljohani, and Mohammad R. Alshammri. "Influence of gender and economic status on the level of Saudi awareness towards coronary artery diseases risk factors and its positive modifications." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.9 (2021), 1634-1640. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1627327523


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alahmari, F. S., Alhijli, . F. W., Alfadhel, . M. A., Alkhudhairi, . K. A., Aljohani, . S. A. & Alshammri, . M. R. (2021) Influence of gender and economic status on the level of Saudi awareness towards coronary artery diseases risk factors and its positive modifications. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (9), 1634-1640. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1627327523


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