International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries (IJMDC) is a peer-reviewed medical journal published for health care professionals.

The journal is affiliated with Almaarefa University and accredited by the Ministry of Culture and Media, Saudi Arabia المملكة العربية السعودية - وزارة الثقافة والإعلام . The journal has an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) registered via King Fahad National Library, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (See the certificate here). 

Our mission is to provide relevant, useful, and up to date medical information to help healthcare providers solve clinical problems and improve patient care. With contributions from physicians, dentists, medical students and researchers from around the world, IJMDC provides a platform for the recent developments across many medicine and dentistry specialties, particularly form the developing world.

Each issue contains original research, academic review articles, health outcomes articles, case reports and basic research to assist health care professionals in making decisions by including the latest techniques and treatment options for treating their patients.

No more than 6 authors are acceptable until there is a special justification. Please see our Guide for Authors for more details. 

2021|5|1_kunye, Vol: , Issue: 0

« Previous Issue

IJMDC. Year: 2021, Volume: 5

    Original Research (Original Article)

  1. Vanillylacetone modulates acetaminophen induced hepatotoxicity in rats
    Fadwa Fahad Alkhuraisi, Abdullah Mohammed Qahl, Sulaiman Abdulaziz Alderaibi, Abdulatif Arif Ibrahim Hadadi, Yasir Mohammed Hanbashi, Naif Ali Arishi, Nasser Ali Mansour Hanbashi
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 1-5
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597568852

  2. Socioeconomic status and its effect on the dental esthetics: a survey-based study in Saudi Arabia
    Reem Abdulrahman Alhokair, Abdulaziz Saad Alanzan, Ghaliah Hadi Alamery
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 6-11
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600602889

  3. Evaluating the psychological effects that encounter vitiligo patients in National Guard Health Affairs, Al Riyadh
    Abdulrahman Othman Alojan, Abdulmajeed Hatim Ratah, Abdullah Faisal Alberiqi, Abdullah Saud Alsubaie, Irfan Anjum, Mohammad Aljasser
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 12-16
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600743767

  4. Evaluation of knowledge level related to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in medical students at Qassim University
    Abdulhakeem Almutairi, Homood Mohammad Almutairi, Faisal Ahmed Althwiny, Abdulrahman Nasser Almutairi, Raghad Juidan Almutiri, Hareth Nasir Alhujaili
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 17-22
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602111032

  5. Acknowledging popular misconceptions about vitiligo in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia
    Mohja AlShehri, Emad Bahashwan, Sara Alakloby
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 23-28
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602242872

  6. The impact of bariatric surgery on the quality of life of obese individuals in Saudi Arabia
    Khaled Alghamdi, Feras Aljohani, Ala Alrehaili, Ahmed Alhusayni, Turki Alrehaili, Omar Zayed
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 29-36
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602926149

  7. Knowledge and awareness of cataract: a population-based survey in Saudi Arabia
    Hanan Fahad AlOtaybi, Ngoud Moghli H. Alaslani, Ramah Waheed Abdullah Calacattawi, Malak Khalid Althaqafi, Bashaer Abduallah Algthamy, Atheer Mohammed Aljohani, Khulud Fahad Minqari
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 37-43
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603123592

  8. Fluorosis and infancy feeding relationship: an epidemiological study
    Ibtihal Ibrahim Aldhayan, Sara al Audan
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 44-48
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603126114

  9. Evaluation of surgeons' skills in breaking bad news to cancer patients based on the SPIKES protocol in multiple medical centers at Taif city, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study
    Sahar Alnefaie, Nuha Nabeel Filfilan, Ebtehal Amer Altalhi, Raghad Sayer Al Juaid4, Noura D. Aljuaid, Raghad Abdulrahman Al thobaiti, Hend Osamah Almerdas, Ghadi Fawaz Althobaiti
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 49-55
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603221074

  10. Awareness of eastern region residents in Saudi Arabia about the hazards of maternal obesity and its association with offspring obesity and diabetes at early age
    Zahraa Ahmad Alsubaie, Mohammed Yusef Al Hassan
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 56-63
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603379625

  11. The impact of online learning compared to direct learning on the perception of medical students of Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
    Alaa Alghamdi, Reda Goweda1, Ethar Shabana, Marwa Alhutayrashi, Johara ALkhamash
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 64-68
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603381426

  12. Awareness of Jeddah population about alarming signs of post-traumatic intracranial hemorrhage
    Sameh Said Mohammed, Moaz Hashim, Ibtisam Ghashimi, Saja AlQahtani, Sondos AlQahtani, Aziza Badawi, Rawan AlGhamdi
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 69-74
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603629429

  13. Exposure to second-hand smoke among patients with asthma: a cross-sectional study
    Nora Almohideb, Radhi Ghanem Alanazi, Abdullah Abdul Majeed Ali
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 75-79
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603641814

  14. General demographics of febrile seizures and common attitudes among parents in Makkah, Saudi Arabia
    Raghad Adil Alhabsi, Mohammed Abdullah Abu Aish, Haneen Salah Almasoudi, Malak Hassan Alfaifi, Albatol Taha Jifri, Maram Khalid Alharbi, Marwa Abdullah Dahlawi, Rakan Abdullah Alnefaie
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 80-85
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604320800

  15. Acceptance and awareness of Saudi population about organ donation and lung transplantation
    Tuqa Hussain AL Darwish, Asma Adel Alwesaibi, Arwa Hussain Ali Alonayzan, Zainab Jassim Al-Hassan, Khadija Yusuf Alansari, Alhanouf Mohammed Alsaloom
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 86-92
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604327410

  16. Risk of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome among adult patients with sickle cell disease in Saudi Arabia
    Ibrahim Al Jabr, Fatimah Althabit, Arwa Alonayzan, Mortadah Alsalman
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 93-97
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604849723

  17. The impact of asthma on academic performance among high school students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 2019-2020
    Waleed Alsowayan, Abdulelah G. Alotaibi, Zainab A. Alreian, Mohammed H. Almatrodi, Shazia Iqbal
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 98-102
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605004437

  18. Cholesterol levels among diabetic patients in Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
    Hassan Nabil Albaqshi, Hashim Essa Alkhalaf, Hesham Maher Alsuqair, Mohammed Y. Almarzooq, Abdullah M. Alkhars
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 103-105
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605274893

  19. Breast cancer knowledge and barriers to screening among women in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
    Bayan Al-Ghadeer, Ahmad Al-Ghadeer, Shaima Aldoughan
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 106-112
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605438509

  20. Attitudes of primary care physicians toward patients with mental illness in Medina, Saudi Arabia
    Hala Salah Ashour, Anas Eid Alhazm, Alaa Abdulraheem Alraheili, Dhiaa Khalid Yones, Ghada Awad Aljuhani, Razan Ahmed Alawaz, Nouf Abdulaziz Alkalbi
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 113-119
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605442408

  21. Public knowledge and awareness about genetic influence and lifestyle modification on chronic diseases in Hail city, Saudi Arabia
    Naveed Iqbal Nadeem ul Haq, Rahaf Turki Aldhaban, Haifa Saud Albrahim
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 120-127
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605522677

  22. Awareness about eye diseases among the citizen of Makkah city: a web-based survey
    Ashjan Bamahfouz, Batool Juman S. Alghamdi, Shahad Nasser A. Alsukhayri, Zahrah Essa Barnawi, Raghad Abdulrazaq A. Alraees, Sarah Juman S. Alghmdi
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 128-132
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605561333

  23. Knowledge regarding the importance of ultraviolet radiation and protective behaviors for the eye health in Saudi Arabia
    Rawan Anwer Al-Abdulqader, Fahad Abdullah Al Wadani, Noura Saleh Alkulaib, Mareyah Abdulrahman Alshaikh Husain, Yasmeen Mohammed Almulhim, Saja Khalifah Alsaqer
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 133-139
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605634944

  24. The effect of social media on treatment options for acne vulgaris
    Feroze Kaliyadan, Hussah A. Alsultan, Hadeel S. Alsaqer
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 140-145
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605689866

  25. Impact of quality of life on the compliance in hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients in Qassim, Saudi Arabia
    Albatool Fahad Ali Almousa, Fai Mohammed Fahad Almarshud, Razan Abdullah Saleh Almasuood, Marya Omer Abdulaziz Alyahya, Chandra Sekhar Kalevaru, Najd Saleh Ibrahim Alolayan, Khadiga Mohamed Fathy Dandash
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 146-151
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605712662

  26. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of adults toward hemorrhoids in Aseer region, Southern Saudi Arabia
    Fahad S. Alamri, Abdulsalam Ali Alshehri, Omar Mohammed Alfaifi, Basim Hassan Alshehri, Faisal Abdullah Alamri, Abdullah Rafa Alshehri, Mohammad Saad Al-amer
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 152-156
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605716982

  27. Assessment of infant feeding methods and factors influencing it in Makkah region, Saudi Arabia
    Reda Abdelmoaty Goweda, Ibrahim Jameel Alharbi, Mohammed Safar Alhuthali, Anas Abdulaziz Zard, Faisal Maqbol Alhuthali, Fahad Hamed Alsuwayidi
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 157-164
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605719300

  28. Depression and anxiety on post-bariatric surgery among Saudi Adults residing in Abha, Asir Province, Saudi Arabia
    Sultan Alsubaie, Ghaida Asiri, Elham Asiri, Fatimah Alqahtani, Ghaida Bredy, Dafer Alshehri
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 165-171
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605799192

  29. Incidence of gallstones formation in adult post bariatric surgery patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from 2017 to 2018
    Muhammad Mousa Abukhater, Mohammed Sulaiman Alkahmus, Zaid Ali Althowimer, Abdolaziz Mohammed Alghamdi, Ali Hussain Alahmed, Anwar Faleh Alnakhli, Mohammed Hajay Alghanim, Islam Mohammed Alatta, Ali Ibrahim Alibrahim, Bashayer Abdullah Towhary
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 172-176
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605879502

  30. Comparison of patient satisfaction toward healthcare performance between government hospitals and private hospitals
    Mohammad Eid Mahfouz, Abdullah Majed Albaqami, Abdulrahman Ahmed Awadh, Amer Abdulghani Alhejji, Abdulaziz Fahad Althobaiti, Waleed Nami Alrubaie
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 177-184
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605954228

  31. Causes and associated risk factors of heart failure patients in Aljouf region of Saudi Arabia
    Md Sayed Ali Sheikh, Manahel Ghazi Alotaibi, Nouf Abed Almutairi, Eid Mohammed Aljohani, Omar Mohammed Alruwaili, Abdulaziz Mohammed Alsharatin, Najeebullah Bugti
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 185-189
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605985490

  32. Knowledge and awareness of different dental specialties among the population of Madinah, Saudi Arabia
    Albraa B. Alolayan, Yaser A. Alsahafi, Abdulmajeed Khald Alobodi, , Abdullah Muhyialdeen Mahfouz, Maram Taher Alnakhli, Abdulrahman Eyad Abulfaraj
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 190-195
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605987065

  33. Saudi parents’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices on antibiotic use for upper respiratory tract infections in children, in Saudi Arabia
    Faris Yousef Alwahhabi, Saeed Mahmoud Mohammad, Abdullah Saleh Alnughaymishi, Dalal Khalid Al Masoud, Abdullah Samir Jezawi, Abdulelah Anwar Bawazier, Amal Hassan Ali Tawhari, Basem Ali Jarallah Alsaadi, Lamya Essa Alotaibi, Osama Hamoud Almatrafi
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 196-203
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606672050

  34. Patient factors associated with diabetes medication adherence at different health literacy levels: a cross-sectional study at a family medicine clinic
    Reem M. Alshyarba, Faris A. Alrefeidi, Saeed S. Nazih, Nouf Abdullah Asiri, Fatimah A. Habtar, Saeed M. Alshahrani
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 204-209
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606748548

  35. Gastrointestinal side effects of antiplatelet drugs (Aspirin and Clopidogrel) in Medina, Saudi Arabia
    Abdelghany Ezzat Bebars, Asalah Abdulaziz Alhazmi, Manar Yahya Aldajan, Njood Abdul Fattah Alhujeri, Renad Mohammed Alhaidari
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 210-216
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606751915

  36. A cross-sectional study assessing the perception of constipation among adult population, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
    Sajjad M. Al Haddad, Abdulhadi A. Al-Omran, Qusai A Al- Omran
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 217-223
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606759209

  37. Knowledge and practices regarding ear hygiene among Saudi adolescents
    Hussam Ahmed M. Alruwaili, Umar Farooq Dar, Amjad Turayhib S. Alshammari, Sultan Faisal Alshaalan, Sultan Faisal W. Alrubayyi, Hamdah Saud J. Alruwaili, Naeem Khalaf N. Aljabbab
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 224-228
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606825984

  38. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of parents of children with febrile convulsion in Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia
    Ali AlZweihary, Renad Sulaiman Alkhalifah, Riman Mohammed Alrayes, Asma Saud Alshutily, Ghaida Abdullah Alotaibi
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 229-236
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606835419

  39. The effect of seasonal variation on developing common biliary diseases among adult patients in King Fahad Hospital, Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia
    Talal M. Alshahri, Nasser A. Asiri, Saleh E. Alzahrani, Bander S. Alotaibi, Faisal M. Alshehri4, Alaa Eldin H. Katar, Ibrahim A. Alghamdi, Abdulrhman Mustafa Rasheed
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 237-241
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606858682

  40. The effect of social media content on mental health and well-being among King Khalid University students in Saudi Arabia
    Sultan Saad Alsubaie, Rahaf Almehery, Rahaf Alsharif, Aishah Shmashir, Maha Alshehri
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 242-248
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606916560

  41. Exploration of Saudi's general population's awareness about paracetamol (acetaminophen) overuse headache: a cross-sectional inquiry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Basim Alharbi, Irfan Anjum, Ali Altasan, Mohammed Alhussain, Hussain Alshammasi, Abdulaziz Alfunaysan, Emad Masudi
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 249-254
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607078616

  42. Irrational use of antibiotics among medical university students in Majma’ah City, KSA, 2018
    Maha Sameer Almutairi, Huda Hakim, Rahaf Riadh Alhezemy, Shahd Sulaiman Alarfaj, Norah Ibrahim Alqurmulah, Shoug Fahad Alotaibi, Mashael Ibrahim Aleidan
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 255-260
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607160304

  43. The level of knowledge about primary immunodeficiency diseases among medical students in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia
    Nawaf Abdullah Alghamdi, Abdulrahman Alajlan, Nawaf Almuzaini, Fatmah Othman, Fayhan Al Roqi, Hamad Alkhalaf
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 261-266
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607186256

  44. Initial presenting signs and symptoms, type of surgical intervention, and postoperative outcome in pediatric abdominal surgical emergencies
    Moshabab Saeed Alahmari, Hashim Ali Alghamdi, Bassim Hassan Alsheri, Abdulhadi Moshabbab Alyahya, Fahad Saad Alshahrani, Ali Mohammad Asiri, Abdulelah Hussain Al-Abdullal
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 267-272
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607200245

  45. Does the social media affect young people with hyperpigmentation to seek medical help? A cross-sectional study in Al-Qassim Region
    Hadeel Yousef Alseleem, Abdullah Abdulaziz Khojah, Leena Mohammed Allabboudy, Fatima Muhammad Alturki, Alya Saleh Alturki, Ashwaq Majed Almutairi, Moteb Khalaf Alotaibi
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 273-279
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607253839

  46. General public awareness toward gallbladder stones in Saudi Arabia
    Abdullah Musaad Alkhathami, Saeed Mahmoud Mohammad, Muhannad Ibrahim Althunayan, Qamar Osama Okal, Asma Saud Alshutily, Abdullah Rshood Alrshood, Naif Dakhil Alqhtani, Abdulrahman Ibrahim Alghamdi, Abdullah Majed Alruwaili, Mohammed Nasser Alajmi
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 280-286
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607279510

  47. Medical students' perception about burns first aid management: a cross-sectional study
    Manal Ahmad Al-Batanony, Osama Alwutayd, Maha Omar Albriki Balobaid, Rifal Saleh Alqaan, Hadeel Yousef Alseleem, Wejdan Omar Alberiki Balabaid, Shahad Mohammed Alhamili
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 287-293
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607457400

  48. Knowledge and awareness about anterior cruciate ligament injury in Hail region
    Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed Abdalrahman, Abdullah Mohammad Aljarboa, Salma Ali Alobaidi, Abdulbari Hamoud Albalawi, Jaffar Saleh M Alsayigh, Ali Ameen Alghassab
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 294-301
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607705553

  49. Stroke literacy in Qassim province, Saudi Arabia
    Norah Ayed Al-Harbi, Abdulrahman Alomairi, Abdullah Almoziraei
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 302-308
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607777072

  50. Knowledge, misconceptions, and practice about first aid measures among mothers in Al Qassim
    Fahad Alhajjaj, Hadeel Yousef Alseleem, Rawan Alghebaiwi, Amjad Alqutaymi, Ghadeer Almatrouk, Wad Alshamikh
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 309-317
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607865492

  51. Knowledge, attitude, and practice toward the use of personal audio devices among high school students in Buraydah, Al-Qassim
    Hind Khalaf Alanazi, Alhanouf Muqbel Almuqbel, Hatoon Abdullah Alhothail, Abdulsalam Abdullah Almreef, Raghad Ali Almesned, Amjad Sulaiman Alhumaidan
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 318-323
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607867956

  52. The level of knowledge, awareness, and attitude of stroke among people visiting King Fahad University Hospital
    Abdullah H. Kabbani, Abdulwahab A. Albuali, Musaad S. Aljughaiman, Abdullah A. Alfrayyan, Abdulrahman E. Althomali, Muhannad A. Alghamdi, Mohammed A. Serih, Ahmed S. Mohammedin
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 324-329
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608056221

  53. The behaviors and attitude of parents toward smoking in pediatric primary settings in Al-Hasa region: a cross-sectional study
    Abdulatif Abdullah Alomair, Mohammed Abdulrahman Alomair, Mohammad Ali Al-Marzouq, Abdulaziz Abdullah Altharman, Zuhair Tariq Al Sulaiman, Mazen Khaild AlSayed, Amer Mohamed Alhawash
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 330-335
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608292072

  54. Review Article

  55. Overview of the updated management of inguinal hernia
    Abrar Asaad M. Alanazi, Suliman Ali Elsheekh, Noor Ghazy J. Alenezy, Afnan Hamdan Alshammari, Shahad Mohammed S. Alanazi, Zuhur Naif Alazmi, Mubarak Saleh M. lmarjan, Khaled Thiab Alshbiny
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 336-340
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601985901

  56. An overview of probiotic use in dentistry: a literature review
    Dalia Nayil Alharith, Reem Abdulrahma Alhokair, Nasser Ibrahim Zakri, Noura Khalid Alshaqha, Mariam Abdulaziz Almutairi, Manar Ali Faris Alamri
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 341-346
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602155690

  57. Awareness and attitude of parents toward asthma care measures in children; a systematic review
    Omar Mohammed B. Alruwaili, Musab Khalid H. Alaql, Sultan Faisal W. Alrubayyi, Abdulaziz Mohammed R. Alsharatin, Mohammed Khalid A. Alnour, Ahmad Roshdy Ahmad
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 347-352
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1603214825

  58. Knowledge of orthodontic treatment among various dental specialties: a systematic review
    Majed Abdullah Alharbi, Razan Musaad Al-Salamah
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 353-358
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604329550

  59. Effect of obesity and bariatric surgery on gastric cancer: a brief review
    Batool Juman Alghamdi, Shahad Nasser A. Alsukhayr, Zahrah Essa Barnawi, Esam salem Batayyah
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 359-363
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604485093

  60. Diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders: a brief review
    Mohammed Abed A. Bukhari, Meshal Ahmed Mubark Alghtani, Ziyad Sultan Aljohani, Abdullah Abdulghani A Qasem, Ibrahim Hamed M. Alhazmi
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 364-369
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604917632

  61. Effect of topical fluoride application on the color stability and surface characteristics of dental ceramics: a systematic review
    Wedad Mohsen Qassadi, Khaled Saad Al Subaie, Hannan Mirza Muhaisen, Wejdan Sameer Nazmi, Ahmad M Al-Thobity
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 370-375
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605095553

  62. Role of sacubitril/valsartan in glycemic control of cardiac patients with diabetes: a systematic review
    Khalid AbduRehman, Sultan Khalid Mohammed Alghamrawi
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 376-380
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605518120

  63. Transmission, diagnosis, and treatment of coronavirus disease 2020: a review
    Hareth Hamoud Alharthi, Moayad Noor Iskandar, Ammar Sami Felemban, Saud Khalef Alhuthaly
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 381-386
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605964243

  64. Substance abuse among doctors: a review article
    Mohammed W. AlMusained, Abdulaziz A. AlMahaish, Mazen D. Aljohani, Mohammed N. AlHashim, Abdulaziz K. Alqahtani, Mohammed Alabdullatif
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 387-389
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606843852

  65. Diabetic retinopathy causes, symptoms, and complications: a review
    Rwan Emad Radi, Elaf Tariq Damanhouri, Muhammad Irfanullah Siddiqui
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 390-394
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607272221

  66. Periodontal diseases in children affected by systemic disorders: a review
    Sarah Thamer Alshammari, Jamilah Mohammed AlQahtani, Shrooq Gazae Traed, Hadeel Abdulrahman Abohamed, Reem Othman AlHulaylah, Dhabia Mohammad Alabbadi
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 395-398
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1607421637

  67. Case Report

  68. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis associated with tuberculous meningitis: a case report and review of the literature
    Ala Alkharaan, Abdulrahman Alfawzan, Naser D. Alotaibi, Makki Almuntashri
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 399-402
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1604320101

  69. Endodontic retreatment of a mandibular canine with two roots and two canals: a case report
    Lamya Mohammed Alhomaidhi
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 403-406
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1606133450

  70. Cervicofacial lymph-vascular malformation: a case report
    Rawia Albar, Alaa Alesa, Dina Saqa, Abdullah Alesa
    IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 407-409
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