Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1599-1625

Predisposing factors for obesity among school-age children and adolescents in Madinah

Authors: Hanan A. El-Halaby, Najwa Hajraf Alsaadi, Tahani Abdullah Alrehaili, Roba Hassaballah Fatani, Rafif Yaser Alahmadi, Amal Yousef Aljohani.

ABSTRACT

Background: Recent research has emphasized the hazards of obesity and overweight by showing the strong connection between high body mass index and co-morbidities. The present study was aimed at assessing the risk factors that may cause an increased incidence of childhood obesity among school-age children and adolescents and discover whether there is a relation between children's lifestyle and the risk of obesity among Madinah's children. Methodology: A case-control study was carried out in Madinah, Saudi Arabia, from November 2019 to April 2021. A total of 593 children had been recruited (326 males, 267 females) using a media-based questionnaire targeting school-age children and adolescents (5-18 years) in Madinah city. Out of the total, 241 cases were obese, 111 were overweight, and 241 were controls. Results: Overweight/ obesity was 8-fold higher in children whose mother's educational level was a middle school [odds ratio (OR): 8.187, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.394-27.993]. Children who ate a large amount of food compared to their friends were associated with a 5-fold increased risk of overweight/obesity (OR: 5.679, 95% CI: 2.656-12.144). More prolonged screen-time exposure to television or electronic devices resulted in a 3-fold increased risk of overweight/obesity for children who spent 5-7 hours per day (OR: 2.849, 95% CI: 1.032-7.862) Conclusion: Our study found a relationship between being overweight and obese and several risk factors, including mother's education level, amount of food consumption, and screen time.

Keywords:
Risk factors, school-aged, adolescents;,obesity, Madinah


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Predisposing factors for obesity among school-age children and adolescents in Madinah


Authors
Hanan A El-Halaby
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Najwa Hajraf Alsaadi
Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Tahani Abdullah Alrehaili
Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Roba Hassaballah Fatani
Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rafif Yaser Alahmadi
Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amal Yousef Aljohani

PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Hanan A. El-Halaby, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia.; hanan_elhalaby@yahoo.com

Publication history
Received 17 Jul 2021
Accepted 20 Aug 2021
Published online 20 Aug 2021
Published in print 28 Sep 2021

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Pubmed Style

El-Halaby HA, Alsaadi NH, Alrehaili TA, Fatani RH, Alahmadi RY, Aljohani AY. Predisposing factors for obesity among school-age children and adolescents in Madinah. IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1599-1625. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1625845471


Web Style

El-Halaby HA, Alsaadi NH, Alrehaili TA, Fatani RH, Alahmadi RY, Aljohani AY. Predisposing factors for obesity among school-age children and adolescents in Madinah. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=94929 [Access: December 01, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1625845471


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

El-Halaby HA, Alsaadi NH, Alrehaili TA, Fatani RH, Alahmadi RY, Aljohani AY. Predisposing factors for obesity among school-age children and adolescents in Madinah. IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1599-1625. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1625845471


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

El-Halaby HA, Alsaadi NH, Alrehaili TA, Fatani RH, Alahmadi RY, Aljohani AY. Predisposing factors for obesity among school-age children and adolescents in Madinah. IJMDC. (2021), [cited December 01, 2021]; 5(9): 1599-1625. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1625845471


Harvard Style

El-Halaby, H. A., Alsaadi, . N. H., Alrehaili, . T. A., Fatani, . R. H., Alahmadi, . R. Y. & Aljohani, . A. Y. (2021) Predisposing factors for obesity among school-age children and adolescents in Madinah. IJMDC, 5 (9), 1599-1625. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1625845471


Turabian Style

El-Halaby, Hanan A., Najwa Hajraf Alsaadi, Tahani Abdullah Alrehaili, Roba Hassaballah Fatani, Rafif Yaser Alahmadi, and Amal Yousef Aljohani. 2021. Predisposing factors for obesity among school-age children and adolescents in Madinah. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (9), 1599-1625. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1625845471


Chicago Style

El-Halaby, Hanan A., Najwa Hajraf Alsaadi, Tahani Abdullah Alrehaili, Roba Hassaballah Fatani, Rafif Yaser Alahmadi, and Amal Yousef Aljohani. "Predisposing factors for obesity among school-age children and adolescents in Madinah." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1599-1625. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1625845471


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

El-Halaby, Hanan A., Najwa Hajraf Alsaadi, Tahani Abdullah Alrehaili, Roba Hassaballah Fatani, Rafif Yaser Alahmadi, and Amal Yousef Aljohani. "Predisposing factors for obesity among school-age children and adolescents in Madinah." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.9 (2021), 1599-1625. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1625845471


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

El-Halaby, H. A., Alsaadi, . N. H., Alrehaili, . T. A., Fatani, . R. H., Alahmadi, . R. Y. & Aljohani, . A. Y. (2021) Predisposing factors for obesity among school-age children and adolescents in Madinah. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (9), 1599-1625. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1625845471


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