International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries (IJMDC) is a peer-reviewed medical journal published for health care professionals.

The journal is affiliated with Almaarefa University and accredited by the Ministry of Culture and Media, Saudi Arabia المملكة العربية السعودية - وزارة الثقافة والإعلام . The journal has an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) registered via King Fahad National Library, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (See the certificate here). 

Our mission is to provide relevant, useful, and up to date medical information to help healthcare providers solve clinical problems and improve patient care. With contributions from physicians, dentists, medical students and researchers from around the world, IJMDC provides a platform for the recent developments across many medicine and dentistry specialties, particularly form the developing world.

Each issue contains original research, academic review articles, health outcomes articles, case reports and basic research to assist health care professionals in making decisions by including the latest techniques and treatment options for treating their patients.

No more than 6 authors are acceptable until there is a special justification. Please see our Guide for Authors for more details. 

2020|4|2_kunye, Vol: , Issue: 0

« Previous Issue

IJMDC. Year: 2020, Volume: 4, Issue: 2

    Original Research (Original Article)

  1. Prevalence and risk factors of post-vaccination complications in children of Arar City, Saudi Arabia
    Waad Hameed Altarfawi, Nujud Muteb Alshammari, Hadil Anwar Aljaber, Afrah Saleh K. Alanazi, Kawthar Fawaz Alhamwan, Maha Thiab Alshbiny, Zuhur Naif Alazmi, Alanoud Saud Almatrafi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 275-279
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545595512

  2. Protective effects of ginger extract against the toxicity of cyclophosphamide on testes: an experimental laboratory-based study
    Ali Hassan A. Ali, Sameer Al-Ghamdi, Ghanem G. Alanazi, Muath A. Alsomait, Abdulaziz N. Alaskar, Abdulmohsen K. El-Enazi, Hisham M. Alashqar, Gulfam Ahmad
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 280-285
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1558600986

  3. Knowledge and attitude of bronchial asthma among Riyadh population, Saudi Arabia
    Amar F. Khalifa, Muaadh Yahya Ba Mhraz, Turki R. Alrumayh, Saud M. Alhaqqan, Majed K. Alanazi, Meshal D. Alanazi, Moayed A. Alqarni, Meshari Z. Almutairi, Amro A. Al-Gamdi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 286-290
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566219446

  4. A retrospective study about the outcome of vaginal delivery after cesarean section in Madinah, Saudi Arabia
    Fwazia Ahmed Habib, Raneem Ahmed Faidh, Sarah Mohammed Althagafi Aljohani, Thawab Abdulawahhab Al-Kayyal, Burooj Ahmed Abuessa
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 291-295
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1570007810

  5. Prevalence of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs usage and assessment of knowledge related to its complications among Saudi population; a cross-sectional study
    Omar Ahmed Asiri, Asim Ali Alzahrani, Khalid Mohammed Alshehri, Othman Waslallah Althomal, Abdulmohsen Abdulaziz Islam Alameen, Mohamed Abdelhamid Serwah
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 296-302
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571228702

  6. Awareness of the Saudi population regarding nasal decongestants use for allergic rhinitis and their side effects
    Khalid A. Alyahya, Zahraa A. Alsubaie, Zainab A. Almubarak, Ahmed A. Al-Khalifah, Abdullah H. Alawadh
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 303-308
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571640524

  7. Smoking, reasons for initiation and barriers of cessation: a cross-sectional study among the population of Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia
    Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa, Omar Abdullah Alahmari, Mamdouh Alharbi, Abdullah Alruwili, Shalhoub Alqahtani, Omar Alanazi, Fadi Alhalabi, Eqab Alotibi, Abdulmanea Alwayili, Abdullah Aloggael, Abdulellah Almoutairi, Hamad Abdulraazzaq
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 309-312
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572887837

  8. Alpha-fetoprotein as a predictor of liver fibrosis: a single center tertiary care study in Saudi Arabia
    Ali Al Ahmari, Ibrahim Masoodi, Abdulmalik Almalki, Oqab Muidh Almalki, Mohammed Mofareh Alsubaie, Saleh Aedh Alshamrani
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 313-317
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573570950

  9. Knowledge and attitude of analgesics usage among the Saudi population
    Abdullah Mohammed Qahl, Yazeed Yaser Albedaiwi, Ahmed Mohammed Faqihi, Naif Ali Arishi, Yahya Hassan Zarban, Faredah Abdulallah Hakeem
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 318-324
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574659696

  10. Dental anxiety & phobia: prevalence and most frequent causes among dentists and public in Saudi Arabia
    Yagoub Alyami, Khames Alzahrani, Amal Masmali, Alaa Abulaban, Jameel Abdullah Qahwaji, Wafa Hussain Faqehi, Elham Alqahtani
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 325-330
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575237865

  11. Awareness of osteomyelitis among adult population in Sakaka city, Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia
    Mubark H. Alsharari, Ahmed E. Taha, Sager H. Alruwaili, Omar I. Almadhi, Abdulaziz A. Alanazi, Basil R. Alanazi, Nawaf A. Almndil
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 331-337
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575384341

  12. Patient satisfaction toward health care performance in the Obstetrics and Gynecology departments among hospitals in Saudi Arabia
    Mohammad Eid Mahfouz, Ahmed Mohammed Abed, Meshal Salem Alqahtani, Abdullah Majed Albaqami, Mohammmed Mofareh Alsubaie
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 338-346
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575405816

  13. Measuring the awareness, knowledge, and practice of the patients using veneer and lumineers and its effect on periodontium: a cross sectional study in Al-Qassim region
    Ahmed Abdullah Alharbi, Abdullah Turki Alharbi, Abdulmajeed Abdullah Alharbi, Mohammed Abdullah Alharbi, Alnashmi Obaid ALanazi, Abdulaziz Lafi Alharbi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 347-351
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575413664

  14. The Awareness of colorectal cancer and its risk factors in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study
    Waleed E. Almalki, Hazim A. Alzhoufui, Moath A. Altwaijry, Abdulrahman M. Dad, Owais K. Khoshhal
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 352-357
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575486671

  15. Assessment of public perception and attitude regarding obesity and bariatric surgery in Aljouf region, Saudi Arabia
    Ahmed Khalid Alghutayghit, Abdulsalam Muteb Alanazi, Hany Abdelfatah Elhady, Saleh Ahmed Alzaid, Ghalib Mohammed Alsulami, Anas Mohammed Alomair, Khalid Sultan Alwasem, Thamer Abdullah Alanazy, Omar Ibrahim Madhi Almadhi, Rayan Riyadh Abdullah Aldandani
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 358-364
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575488568

  16. Awareness of gout disease among adult population in Taif city
    Ayman Abdelbaky Atalla, Muhammed Ghalib Albuqami, Muhannad Abdullah Albogami, Ahmed Khaled Alharthi, Turki Dubayyan Altowairqi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 365-369
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575556977

  17. Hypertension screening, prevalence, and awareness in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study
    Abdulmohsin Ahmed Ali Alghamdi, Seham Matar Alotaibi, Ziad Eidhah Sharaf Alzahrani, Fahad Nasser Ali Alnahari, Masoud Basheer O. Alshammari, Arwa Abduallah Zabran
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 370-373
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575639343

  18. The lifestyle of the elderly with stroke: a cross-sectional study
    Abrar Fahad Alotaibi, Ebtihaj Abdo Fqiry, Tahani Salamah Al luhaybi, Wejdan Saad Alruwaili, Ahmed Hussain AL Yousef, Rehab Fahad Alharbi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 374-377
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575754616

  19. The association between physical activity and symptoms of depression
    Abdul Rahman Ali Mohammed Shukr, Amany Ali Alghamdi, Shatha Gamal AbdulQader Alaghbari, Ziad AbdulAziz Alzaid, Meshal AbdulHameed Alolyan, Ahmad Saleh Alshiha, Abdulrahman Ali Abdullah Aloudah
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 378-382
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575757263

  20. Awareness of adult population toward palpitation and its risk factors in Riyadh region, Saudi Arabia
    Fehaid Alanazi, Khalid Ayidh Alotaibi, Fehaid Saleh Almutlaq, Ahmed Abdulrahman Aldahash, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Alsenani
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 383-388
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575930917

  21. A survey-based study of knowledge of Alzheimer's disease among health care staff
    Ahmed Basheer Alazmi, Ali Basheer Alazmi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 389-394
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575932476

  22. Awareness and attitudes toward epilepsy in Al-Ahsa, Eastern Region, Saudi Arabia
    Tahani Alharshan, Fathia Omer Mohamed, Reem Al Harshan
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 395-402
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576009677

  23. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices relating to vertigo among newly diagnosed patients in Saudi Arabia, 2019
    Mazyad Murji Alenezi, Hakem Saud Almutairy, Afaf Nasser Hamoud Alokayli, Mohammed Abdulrahman Alfalah, Hawra Ebraheem Alnasser, Razan Nabil Asiri, Abdullatif Waleed Alarfaj
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 403-408
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576136250

  24. Knowledge and attitude about corneal donation and transplantation in Eastern province: a population-based study
    Eman Alibrahim, Mohanna Al Jindan
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 409-416
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576182666

  25. Obesity and associating factors: a cross-sectional study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Ammar Khalifa, Mohammed Ahmed Alanazi, Abdullah Mohammed Alotaibi, Daham Abdullah Aldaham, Abdulaziz Dahham Alshalan, Abdel Rahman Sami Qabaja, Abdulaziz Dhafer Algarni, Louai Mohammad Alrata, Fahad Mohammed Alkaltham, Abdulrahman Saleh Aburaba, Mamdouh Raja Alharbi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 417-422
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576386160

  26. Assessment of awareness level toward Down syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Abdullah Faisal Shalabi, Ohood Abdulraouf Shrouro, Rahaf Hameed Sibaa, Shrouk Bander Alalida, Nawal Zayed Alammar, Faisal Abdullah Almoumen, Bakur Kamil Tamim, Yaseen Saddiq Natto, Rawan Eid Alamri, AlKhalifah Mohammed Abdulaziz
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 423-428
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576650472

  27. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of breast self-examination toward breast cancer among female students at King Saud University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Abdullah Nasser Alomair, Dania Ghazi Felemban, Mohannad Sami Felemban, Jameel Abdullah Awadain, Ammar Saud Altowairqi, Nawaf Fawzan Alfawzan, Fatimah Mohammed Almazayen, Abdulrahman Jalwi Korkoman, Nawaf Saad Alrusayyis
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 429-434
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576668182

  28. Knowledge and self-examination practices of melanoma in the western region, Saudi Arabia
    Abdulelah Saud Alharbi, Shumoukh Saleh AlAfnan, Mohammad Naem Alamri, Khadija Yusuf Alansari, Ohoud Abdulrahman Alobaid, Motaz Saeed Alqahtani, Bader Aziz Alharbi, Mohammed Zakaria Alhawsawi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 435-440
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577048448

  29. Osteoporosis in women in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a review article
    Mostafa Elsayed Ahmed Mostafa Ahmed, Eissa Zaedan M. Alenezi, Abdulrahman Sulaiman S. Alanazi, Abdulaziz Matar R. Alanazi, Wael Sughayyir G. Alanazi, Abdulaziz Mofareh M. Alanazi, Faisal Eid N. Alanazi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 441-447
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577051457

  30. Patient acceptance, awareness, and perceived cost of dental implants as a treatment modality for replacement of missing teeth: a survey in Riyadh
    Abdulrahman Ayidh Alharbi, Aziz Mohammed Aloufi, Jarah Saleh Almutairi, Thamer Rashed Alharbi, Turki Khalid Alharbi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 448-453
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577137308

  31. Parents' knowledge and practices about child eye health care in Saudi Arabia
    Abdulrahman Saeed Baashar, Ammar Adnan M. Bin Yaseen, Mohammed Aiman Halawani, Waleed Ibrahim Alharbi, Ghaith Adel Alhazmi, Sultan Sameer Alam, Mohanid Fahd Tirkistani, Essam Eldin Mohamed Nour Eldin
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 454-460
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577288335

  32. Reliability and validity of an Arabic version of a questionnaire to assess carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy foods, and nutrition label-reading skills in adults with diabetes
    Basmah Abdullah Alanazi, Mashael Jaza Alshammari, Fahad Ahmed Alhawas, Isamme AlFayyad, Abdulrahman AlMaghamsi, Ali Khalaf Alrowaidan, Sultan Mohammed Alabrah, Hadeel Mahmoud Alomrani, Bayan Ali Alatawi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 461-468
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577364150

  33. Incidence of avascular necrosis of the head of the femur among sickle cell patients in Albaha region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Abdulhakam Ahmed, Asmaa Khalid Hassan Abdelkarim, Tahani Rajab Ali Alzahrani, Saeed Faleh Saeed Alshahrani, Abdulaziz Khalid Saleh Alghamdi, Abdullah Nasser H Leslom
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 469-472
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577695480

  34. Review Article

  35. Management of diabetic dyslipidemia: a brief review
    Abdulrahman Zafer Alsallam, Dhafer Mohammed Alyami, Abdulmalik Abdullah Alshoshan, Slwan Ali Alrabaei, Almaha Ali Atafi, Mohamad Theeb A Otaibi, Abdullah Khalid Alshebili
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 473-476
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575410730

  36. Interventions to minimize waiting times for primary care units' appointments: a review
    Faisal Hammad Alatawi, Mohammed Saeed Bafail, Abdulaziz Sulaiman Alosaily, Meshal Abdullah Alkheraiji, Omar Khalid Alsaawi, Abrar Fahad Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Faraj Alqahtani
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 477-480
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575412092

  37. Common surgical problems: a brief review
    Moath Omar Aljabri, Faris Adnan Mohammed Baawad, Hassan Saud Alshehri, Dalia Abdulelah A Murshid, Mohammed Ahmed Mohammed Alyazidy, Omar Abdulrahman Almakhayitah, Hussain Omar Bogari
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 481-485
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575497306

  38. Causes of chest pain in primary care: a review
    Raed Abdullah Ali Alharthi, Fatimah Talat A. Howladar, Abdullah Ali Saeed Alzahrani, Eman Mohammed Ahmed Babader, Amjed Abed Abdulrahman Alazwari, Salman Abdulhafez Alzaidi, Asawir Mohammed Al Qurashi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 486-489
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575583489

  39. Success and survival of endodontically cracked teeth: review
    Mohammed Abdullah Alkahtani, Abdulrahman Rasmi M. Khairi, Tail Alhumaidi Almotairi, Adel Yahya Ali Shahir, Awad Yahya Ali Shaher, Mohammed Fayez Asiri
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 490-493
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575755755

  40. Management of diabetic ketoacidosis in children and spectrum of complications in the pediatric intensive care unit
    Mohammed Wasel H. Alsimail, Meshari Fayez I. Aladhadh, Ibrahem Hamad I. Erwe, Abdulrahman Ahmed A. Alnaim, Ali Majed A. Almuzaini, Qasem Ahmed Ali Almulihi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 494-497
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575929305

  41. Knowledge and attitude toward diabetes mellitus complications in Saudi Arabia; a systematic review
    Faisal Khaled H. Alhomayani, Yousef Zaben Mesha Alotibi, Abdullah Ammash NasserAlharbi, Hisham Abdulrahman Mubarak Alsuwat, Meshari Hamed Abdullah Altowairqi, Hussam Abdullah Ayidh Alotaibi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 498-503
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575931871

  42. Managing chronic disease in primary care: a review
    Meriam Sadiq H. Alabdallah, Abdulmajeed Salman S. Almalki, Ahmed Saeed Alsaedi, Ahmed Mohammed H. Abdullah, Faisal Hamdan A. Aljuhine, Abdullah Khalid Attar
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 504-508
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576048326

  43. Uses of diuretics in heart failure: a brief review
    Abdulaziz Dhafer Algarni, Wejdan Talal Almutairi, Asawir Mohammed AlQurashi, Esraa Abdulrahman Alshehrani, Wijdan Turki Almrzouqi, Hussain Ali Alhazmi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 509-512
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576053352

  44. Antimicrobial resistance in general ICUs in Saudi Arabia; a systematic review
    Malak Salman Alharbi, Yasir Abdullah Alharbi, Abdulrahman Waleed Bagar, Alaa Abbas Kurdi, Ethar Ahmad Boudal, Fahad Hatem Aman, Malak Salman Alharbi, Khalid Ghalilah
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 513-517
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576135858

  45. Gastro-esophageal reflux disease post gastric sleeve surgery: a review article
    Abdulrahman Mosaid Alolyyan, Ahmad Yousef Aljuraifani, Hamad Mohammad Aloraini, Abdullah Ahmad Alhatlani, Abdulmajeed Abdulrazaq Alzahrani, Abdullah Abdulaziz Almuhaymidi, Yassin Hassan Alzubaidi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 518-521
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577044424

  46. Role selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in anxiety disorder
    Meshal Abdullah Alkheraiji, Meshal Mosaeed Gabish, Abdulkarim Abdullah Alzahrani, Mohammad Abdulelah Hakeem, Bandar Aedh Alyami Asma A. Qaud
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 522-525
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577045821

  47. The diagnosis and management of chronic migraine: a brief review
    Fatmah Hasan Maimani, Rahaf Hamad Alahmadi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 526-529
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577052042

  48. Bone development and its relation to fracture repair: a review
    Amer Mohammed A. Alnefaie, Ahmad Khader M. Alharthi, Baraa Abdulqader B. Omar, Meshal Warid. Alshalawi, Salem Sami S. Alamri, Ali Abdulelah Fadel, Asim Meshal AlMazmomy
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 530-533
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577133086

  49. Post placement and restoration of endodontically treated teeth: a review
    Fayez Faraj Mohammed Al Khaldi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 534-537
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577134335

  50. Impact of dietary fats on blood lipids: a review
    Alwaleed Fayduallah Al Idriss, Ghala Abdulaziz Y. Yasin, Manal Abdulaziz Almutairi, Hala Ahmed Aljohani, Muath Suwaileh Alsawat, Reham Hamad Alghalth, Abdulmalek Sadiq Surrati
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 538-542
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577287058

  51. Acid-suppressive drugs and risk of pneumonia: a review
    Amani Salem Alatawi, Abdullah Ali Aljaafari, Amwaj Mohammad Alamri, Afrah Zaal Albalawi, Basma Hamed Alhawiti, Rawan Jubran Alyami
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 543-546
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577725228