International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries (IJMDC) is a peer-reviewed medical journal published for health care professionals.

The journal is affiliated with Almaarefa University and accredited by the Ministry of Culture and Media, Saudi Arabia المملكة العربية السعودية - وزارة الثقافة والإعلام . The journal has an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) registered via King Fahad National Library, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (See the certificate here). 

Our mission is to provide relevant, useful, and up to date medical information to help healthcare providers solve clinical problems and improve patient care. With contributions from physicians, dentists, medical students and researchers from around the world, IJMDC provides a platform for the recent developments across many medicine and dentistry specialties, particularly form the developing world.

Each issue contains original research, academic review articles, health outcomes articles, case reports and basic research to assist health care professionals in making decisions by including the latest techniques and treatment options for treating their patients.

No more than 6 authors are acceptable until there is a special justification. Please see our Guide for Authors for more details. 

2020|4|9_kunye, Vol: , Issue: 0

« Previous Issue

IJMDC. Year: 2020, Volume: 4

    Original Research (Original Article)

  1. Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and its impact on life among women in Princess Nourah Bint Abdul Rahman University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hanadi Bakhsh, Amal Mohammed Alghamdi, Maya Abdullah Alyahya, Shaden Jamaan Alghamdi, Afrah Alonazi, Rawabi Algomaishy, Edward De Vol, Abdullah Almalki
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1307-1312
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578236787

  2. Knowledge and awareness of ocular allergy among Hail population
    Jluwi Saud Almasaud, Maram Saud Alnabri, Amr Abdulaziz Mohamed, Manal Abdullah Alhamazani, Meral Fayez Alzmmam, Ghaida Mohammed Alahmadi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1313-1319
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1579290309

  3. Knowledge of lumbar disc prolapse among population of Saudi Arabia: a hospital-based study
    Waleed Rida Murshid, Shuruq Abdulsalam Albushi, Razan Ali Almogbel, Malak Atef Almehmadi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1320-1328
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1591043895

  4. Quality of life of visually impaired elderly patients in King Khalid University Hospital outpatient clinics during 2019-2020
    Sulaiman Abdullah Alshammari, Razan Ali Alhamidi, Aseel Nasser Badukhon, Aeshah Mohammed Alsabbagh, Sondos Taher Alhawamdeh, Rehab Ayadah Alanazi, Durrah Abdulkareem Alhamdi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1329-1335
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592588283

  5. Knowledge and awareness of disc herniation among Saudi population: a cross-sectional study
    Marzooq A. Alobari, Saad S. Alotaibi, Sayyaf A. Almarshadi, Bashaier G. AlQahtani, Mai S. Althobaiti, Muaz B. Wali, Amjaad I. Hawsawi, Ibrahim A. Alburaidi, Abdallah A. Alzahrani
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1336-1341
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592666638

  6. Assessment of follow-up quality among type 2 diabetes patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia
    Khalid Gaffer Mohamed, Rami Obaid Manyur Alharbi, Yazeed Khalid D. Aljoahni, Abdulmajeed Muslih Zaidan Alamri, Mohammed Abdullah A. Saeed, Anas Ali M. Alzhrani, Raief Fahad Ali Alfriedy
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1342-1348
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1592926083

  7. The effects of different levels of stress on pregnancy among women in Alhasa in Saudi Arabia
    Kawthar Zakaria Alghasham, Adia Abdulaziz Al-mutairi, Noura Saleh Alkulaib, Sawsan Hadi Alherz, Fathia Omer Mohamed
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1349-1356
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593169566

  8. Awareness of adult population toward constipation and its complications in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Saif Ahmad Shamshuddin Ahmed, Abdulaziz Safar Alshahrani, Abdulaziz Saad Alhazzaa, Musaab Fahad Alslaihem, Naif Jamaan Benragosh, Mohammed Ahmed Alswayah
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1357-1363
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593393331

  9. The impact of maternal hypothyroidism on the neonatal outcomes in Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Osama A. Alshaya, Mohammed Alsayed, Khalid Alhussein, Abdullah D. Alotaibi, Saleh M. Alkhonezan, Abdulrahman A. Alshuwayrikh, Mosleh Jabari, Omar bashir, Elham fathy, Mohammed Jalal
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1364-1369
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593908898

  10. Level of Awareness among Riyadh Population Regarding Diabetes Mellitus
    Khalid Alanazi, Khalid Alsaid, Mohammed Alanazi, Mohammed Alayed, Mohammed Ibrahim Albakri, Mohammad Alkayat, Mohammed Mutawwam, Naif Abdulrahman Alshaqhaa, Othman Alzughibi, Rayan Alshagha, Yasser Ghazi Alarimah, Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1370-1374
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593948597

  11. Adjuvant TaibUVID nutritional supplements proved promising for novel safe COVID-19 public prophylaxis and treatment: enhancing immunity and decreasing morbidity period for better outcomes (A retrospective study)
    Salah Mohamed El Sayed, Saleh A. Bahashwan, Moutasem Salih Aboonq, Hussam Baghdadi, Mo'men Elshzley, Ahmed M. Okashah, Amr Gamal El Rashedy, Rabab AbouElMagd Ahmed, Yasmeen Talal Aljehani, Rehab El-Tahlawi, Manal Mohamed Helmy Nabo, Osama Hamouda, Abdul-Rahman El-Murr, Tamer Mohamed Abdul-Latif, Hany Salah Mahmoud, Mostafa Abu-Elnaga, Mahmoud Mohamed Hassan
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1375-1389
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594011487

  12. The epidemiology and factors associated with surgical site infection among patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Abdullah Mohammed Alotaibi, Elham Ali Alghamdi, Nada Nasser Alkhashlan, Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa, Zainab Mohsen Salman Almeftah
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1390-1396
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594142811

  13. Skin cancer knowledge and preventive behaviors among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2020
    Adel Alsenaid, Salman Haif Alotaibi, Talal Mohammed Alotaibi, Sanjay Deshwali, Nujud Muteb Alshammari, Malak Saad Alkhodaid, Malak Eid Albalawi, Hibah Saad AlAli
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1397-1403
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594146496

  14. A cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of asthma in adults in Jazan, Saudi Arabia
    Abdullah Ghalib Yahya Orebi, Moath Abdullah Yahya Qadri, Abdulrahman Yahya Ahmad Alqasem, Yazeed Abdullah Hassan Faqih, Mowafeg Abdullah Yehya Gadri, Majed Abdullah Yahya Qadri, Mohammed Salem Mohammed Hantool
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1404-1409
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594240588

  15. Computer vision syndrome among male and female medical students in King Saud bin Abdulaziz University, Riyadh
    Mohammed Abdulaziz Alamro, Ziyad A. Alhumaid, Hisham R. Alokaili, Ahmed A. Alrumayyan, Mohamed E. El-Toum, Raghad Abdullah D. Alomari, Mazin Ahmed
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1410-1415
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594245805

  16. Public satisfaction regarding primary healthcare services in Riyadh city, 2018
    Abdulelah Alballaa, Abdullah Alajaji, Abdulrahman Alnathir, Mohammed Albayati, Omar Qawwas, Mohammed Alnoor, Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1416-1420
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594384089

  17. Perception of stroke warning signs and knowledge of potential risk factors among medical students in King Faisal University
    Sami Almalki, Faissal A AL Habeeb, Njood Alaboud, Hassan Habeb Alhamoud, Abdullah Ibrahim Albeladi, Mohammed Abdulmajeed Alsuwaylih
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1421-1427
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594510449

  18. Assessment of attitude, level of knowledge, and awareness of blood donation in a sample of Saudi community: a cross-sectional study
    Abdullelah Waleed Almulhim, Abdullah Hisham Kabbani, Khaled Nasser Alhizami, Youssuf Uthman Alsomaly, Abdullah Mohammed Almatter, Ali Abdulmajeed Alsumaien, Ahmed Shawky Mohammedin
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1428-1432
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594721094

  19. General public awareness about contact lens care in Saudi Arabia
    Reem Mohammed Saad Abahussain, Alaa Abdulrahman Alnamlah, Tuqa Hatim Alotaibi, Abdullah Sulaiman Alharbi, Alabbas Yahya Ahmed Moafa, Halimah Ahmed Othman Qasem, Almoayad Mohammed H. Makrami, Farah Saleh Alhablani
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1433-1439
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1595069739

  20. Public awareness of common eye diseases and eye care among adults in Dawadmi city and its neighbouring villages, Saudi Arabia 2019
    Baha-Eldin Hassan Abdulhalim, Faiz Mosaed Alroqee, Saad Saud Alotaibi, Muqrin Safar Alotaibi, Saud Abdullah Alsehali, Talal Mohammed Alotaibi, Saud Mohammed Alotaibi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1440-1446
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1595071902

  21. Post-bariatric surgery satisfaction and body-contouring consideration among post-bariatric patients in Najran University Hospital, Southern Region of Saudi Arabia
    Abdulrahman Manaa Sultan Alamri, Saeed Ai Alsareii, Abdulhadi Mohamed Elbashir, Salem Ali Alatef Sultan, Sultan Yahya AlHammam, Ibrahim Hazzaa Alshaghath
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1447-1452
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1595251586

  22. Autism in Saudi Arabia, a challenge to Saudi families: a cross-sectional study
    Abdul Sattar Khan, Hussain Adil AlGhadeer, Ahmed Mohammed Al-Qassimi, Tawfiq Matoq Al-Jubran, Hader Hani Al-Momen, Mohammed Yousef Al-Nazzal
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1453-1458
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1595277794

  23. Perception of knowledge, effectiveness, complications, practice safety, and consequences of bariatric surgery among adult citizens in Al Ahsa City, Saudi Arabia in 2019
    Mohammed Bu bshait, Ahmed AlOmairin, Hesham Alsuqair, Mohammed Alsayed, Narjes Alramadhan, Zainab Alammar, Ibrahim Al Yaeesh
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1459-1465
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1595438851

  24. The appropriateness of sinonasal CT scan orders according to the American College of Radiology Guidelines
    Mohammed A. Basurrah, Mohammed A. Khan, Wejdan A. Alotaibi, Marwan F. Alnofaie
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1466-1471
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1595493525

  25. Stress among Al-Maarefa University female students and its associated factors
    Raged I Alrawaji, Mona A AlFadeel, Heba A Elwardany, Reema A Aldhahri, Batool W Alnahar, Hissah R Albayyahi, Manal S Aldossary, Dhuha M Alammar
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1472-1475
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1595924467

  26. Level of awareness regarding sickle cell anemia among Riyadh residents
    Sultan Alshammari, Mansour Albagami, Khalid Alanazi, Yasser Ghazi Alarimah, Abdulaziz AlTamimi, Rakan Aladwanie, Ahmed alshammery, Faisal Aldughaim, Nasser Aldosari, Faisal Alshunaibir, Abdulrahman Alessa, Feras Sarhan, Abdulelah Alqahtani, Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1476-1481
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596719349

  27. General public awareness of adult population toward hypoglycemic attacks in Saudi Arabia
    Sultan Abdulrahman S. Alamrani, Mawddah Mohammed Bushnag, Faysal Mohammed Alahmari, Abdulaziz Khalid Almowina, Muath Saeed Alqahtani, Nasser Hamoud Alotibi, Rayan Mushaal Almutairi, Mohammed Mutlaq Althobaiti, Ghassan Althinayyan
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1482-1490
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597600577

  28. Review Article

  29. The efficacy and safety of Rifaximin in the management of hepatic encephalopathy
    Mohannad Ali Alghamdi, Hassan Abdulrahman Eissa
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1491-1494
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548629244

  30. The psychological effect of COVID-19 on healthcare workers: a systematic review
    Maryam Mudhhi Alshehri
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1495-1501
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594589748

  31. Pelvic fracture in pregnancy: factors influencing maternal and fetal outcomes
    Hassan B. Maghfuri, Hind M. Alraeh
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1502-1506
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1595769403

  32. Nutritional therapy for alleviating AGEs and polyol pathway-induced diabetic and cardiac complications: toward better therapeutic outcomes
    Osama Alhadramy
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1507-1514
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597497441