International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries (IJMDC) is a peer-reviewed medical journal published for health care professionals.

The journal is affiliated with Almaarefa University and accredited by the Ministry of Culture and Media, Saudi Arabia المملكة العربية السعودية - وزارة الثقافة والإعلام . The journal has an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) registered via King Fahad National Library, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (See the certificate here). 

Our mission is to provide relevant, useful, and up to date medical information to help healthcare providers solve clinical problems and improve patient care. With contributions from physicians, dentists, medical students and researchers from around the world, IJMDC provides a platform for the recent developments across many medicine and dentistry specialties, particularly form the developing world.

Each issue contains original research, academic review articles, health outcomes articles, case reports and basic research to assist health care professionals in making decisions by including the latest techniques and treatment options for treating their patients.

No more than 6 authors are acceptable until there is a special justification. Please see our Guide for Authors for more details. 

2020|4|11_kunye, Vol: , Issue: 0

« Previous Issue

IJMDC. Year: 2020, Volume: 4

    Original Research (Original Article)

  1. Awareness of diabetic patients regarding diabetic neuropathy in Saudi Arabia
    Amnah Salem Basharheel, Somayh Taher Khawaji, Alaa Abdulrahman Mawkili, Yahya Abduallah Alddarb, Asmaa Abdullah Moafa, Aisha Qarmoush Majrabi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1715-1720
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577358615

  2. Factors that may contribute to multiple sclerosis relapse in Saudi Arabia
    Naif Edah Alomairi, Sultan Maged Bamusa, Mohammed Khalid Alzeer, Sultan Saad Alamri
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1721-1733
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578608055

  3. Measurement of the educational environment of an innovative, undergraduate medical program in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia using DREEM
    Mohammed Abbas, Karimeldin Salih, Kamal Eldin Hussein Elhassan, Masoud Ishag, Jaber Alfaifi, Hussein Eledum
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1734-1737
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1582533753

  4. Perception of parents about their children’s obesity complication in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
    Yaqoub Bintalib, Nawaf Essam Sabir Sabir, Mohammed Ahmed Althagfi, Sultan Farraj Alalshaikh, Moayed Ahmed Althagafi, Alaa Hussain Hafiz, Majed Ahmed Althagafi, Maan Hussain Agil, Hesham Atif Albakri, Abdulaziz Tariq Abuaish, Muath Saeed Alghamdi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1738-1744
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596473605

  5. Lifestyle and bowel habits after bariatric surgery in Saudi Arabia
    Salah Eldeen Dafalla, Abdulelah Tarek BinYamin, Shifa Sameer Nagadi, Abdulhameed Ardawi, Mohammed Dhaifallah Alqarni, Sahal Ahmed Alardhawy, Asaad Mohammed Azaah Alghamdi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1745-1751
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597046115

  6. Community attitude toward psychosocial support for Down’s syndrome in Saudi Arabia
    Ahmed Abdulbasit Bukhari, Alaa Ahmad Al Mashaikhi, Norah Kaleed Alosimi, Rawan Marzouq Altowairqi, Faten Ahmed Kaabi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1752-1758
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598356393

  7. The prevalence of cyberchondria and the impact of social media among the students in Taif University
    Areej Ahmed Turkistani, Alaa Ahmad Al Mashaikhi, Ameerah Saleh Bajaber, Wafa Saad Alghamdi, Banan Aied Althobaity, Nojoud Talib Alharthi, Shahad Khalid Alhomaiani
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1759-1765
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598363146

  8. Development and validation of a questionnaire measuring the awareness of Isotretinoin’s teratogenic effects among women in Makkah province, Saudi Arabia
    Louai A. Salah, Yara R. Elhaddad, Rawan Al-Mekhlafi, Rawabi Attiyah, Daniah Ahmed
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1766-1770
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598445099

  9. Awareness about breastfeeding and breast cancer risk reduction among Saudi females
    Mohammad Eid Mahmoud Mahfouz, Nojood Abdullatif Althomali, Qasem Muidh Alharthi, Eid Hussein Alshahrani, Afnan Khalid Mohammed Sibyani, Ameerah Saleh Bajaber
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1771-1776
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598850085

  10. Barriers toward clinical research perceived by medical students: a descriptive study from Saudi Arabia
    Ali A. Al-saeed, Nasir K. Aldandan, Ahmed M. Al Qassimi, Muhammed Ali Al-Alwan, Adeeb M. Buhlaigah, Qusai A. Alomran, Ahmed M. Alhamarni
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1777-1781
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599398960

  11. Knowledge and attitude of the Saudi population toward the National Premarital Screening and Genetic Counseling Program
    May AlMoshary
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1782-1791
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599577846

  12. Adenoid hypertrophy in adults: causes and precipitating factors
    Talal Althobaiti, Wael Ali Hadaidi, Ahmad Saeed A. Alghamdi, Khaled Fahad J. Alghashmari, Abdulrahman Ali Hadaidi, Tamer Mohamed Abd-Elrahman
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1792-1796
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599758714

  13. Prevalence of three rooted mandibular permanent first molars in Qassim population in Saudi Arabia
    Khalid Alenezi, Bader Alharbi, Shaul Hameed Kolarkodi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1797-1800
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599939871

  14. Knowledge of lower back pain by selected demographic variables among clinical students in Abha, Saudi Arabia
    Ibrahim Alburaidi, Khaled Alravie, Saleh Al Qahtani, Hani Dibssan, Nawaf Abdulhadi, Ahmed Almania, Hashim Alneami, Alharith Alnaji, Saleh Alharthi, Shaker Alshehri
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1801-1805
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600031947

  15. Awareness of diabetic foot among medical students at Umm Al-Qura University: aa cross-sectional study
    Abdurahman Hassan Hussein, Waleed Fahad Alsubhi, Hamzah Abdulmohsen Alharbi, Mutaz Mohammed Noor Alsulaimani, Amjad Omar M Ali, Mohammed Eidhah Alsukhayri
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1806-1811
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600153140

  16. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of dentists and dental auxiliaries toward HBV prevention
    Heba Alharbi, Amjad Alqarni, Asrar Alharbi, Wasayef Alharbi, Mahmoud Zuhair Saeed
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1812-1817
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600202832

  17. Awareness of vitamin D deficiency among the adult population in Makkah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study
    Reda Abdelmoaty Goweda, Saud Omar Zakaria, Hisham Mohammed Foudah, Alwaleed Abdullah Almalki, Majed Mujmil Alsulami, Abdulmohsen Hamadi Alhuthali
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1818-1822
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600516858

  18. Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among women of reproductive age in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia
    Samah Omer Alfahl, Reem Salamah, Bashayr Saad, Bothaina Saud, Jood Mosallam, Aseel Khalaf, Hadeel Tariq
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1823-1830
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600604624

  19. Assessment of knowledge about silver diamine fluoride in Riyadh Elm University among students (levels 11 and 12) and interns
    Al Anoud Fahad Al Salem, Shahad Abdulrahman Al Shamrani, Lama Abdullah Al Ashwal, Munirah Ibrahim Al Kharan
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1831-1836
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600606870

  20. Awareness of septic arthritis in general population of Saudi Arabia
    Saeed Mahmoud Mohammad, Ahmed Mohmmedali S. Nashar, Ayman Mohammed Jaber Hakami, Alwaleed Ali Alhazmi, Raad Abdullah Aldahhas, Raef Fahad Alamri, Musaab Fahad Alslaihem, Osama Khomayes Alghamdi, Abdullah Abdulrahman Alramih
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1837-1843
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600972531

  21. Impact of distance learning during COVID-19 on the anxiety of college students of Almaarefa University
    Khaldoun I. Marwa, Hanadi Abdullah AlKthiri, Hassan Idriss Shicker, Banan Yakoub Neyaz, Amkalthom Hussian Almohammed Ali, Hakimah Abdulrahman Albalawi, Sarah Hassan Alhilal
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1844-1846
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601032316

  22. General public awareness toward polycystic ovarian syndrome among females in Saudi Arabia
    Ghadah Ayad Alruwaili, Saeed Mahmoud Mohammad, Fatimah Mohammed Almoaibed, Fatimah Ali Abdu Badawi, Rawan Alruwaili, Mohammed Abdullah Alkholaifi, Khaled Saleh Saad Alharthi, Abdullah Alhassoun, Sami Ibrahim AlNissayan
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1847-1853
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601060234

  23. General practitioner’s knowledge about scabies and its management
    Abdulaziz Yousef Alturki, Mana A. Alharbi, Moath Khalid Albusair, Aryaf Abdulrhman Alslimah, Najlaa Abdulrhman Alsubeeh, Asem Shadid, Mohammed Hammad Alhammad, Abdulaziz Ahmad Alfihaid
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1854-1862
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601127528

  24. Pregnancy outcome of women with sickle cell disease in Al-hasa, Saudi Arabia
    Nihad Ahmed Alkishi, Ali Adel Alsakkak, Abdullah Mustafa Alkishi, Abdulwahab Ahmed Alkhars, Ahmed Mustafa Alhamrani
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1863-1865
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601135789

  25. Awareness of the population about vitamin D deficiency in children in Taif, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study 2020
    Ayman A. Bakr, Ebtehal Amer Altalhi, Khaldah Saleh Althobiti, Rawan M. Altowairqi, Norah Kaleed Alosimi, Raghad Naif Alfeer, Hanan A. Alshahrani
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1866-1872
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601141663

  26. Awareness and level of knowledge of surgical site infection among surgical staff in King Abdullah Medical City during Hajj 2019: a cross-sectional study
    Khalid Jubran Idris, Eman Mohammed Bamoosa, Rufaydah Sami Alsabbah, Ghali Hani Faidah, Shahd Jamil Alharbi, Abdullah Abdulmanan Bar, Amin Mohammed Al-Ahdal
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1873-1878
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601213972

  27. Knowledge, Attitude, and Preparations Toward COVID-19 among Dentists in Saudi Arabia: An Online Survey
    Abdulmajeed Jazzaa Alharbi, Khalid Essa Alharbi, Shahul Hameed Kolarkodi, Ramy Elmoazen
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1879-1886
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601284428

  28. The impact of social media engagement on body image and increased popularity toward seeking cosmetic surgery
    Tareq Al-Yahya, Arwa Hussain AlOnayzan, Zahrah Ahmed AlAbdullah, Khadijah Mustafa Alali, Fatimah Mustafa Althabit
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1887-1892
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601290008

  29. Text neck syndrome prevalence and knowledge among the Saudi population in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study
    Yousef Ali Abdali, Ahmad Abubakr Sherwani, Ali Ahmed Alsharif, Abdulaziz Mohammed Kariri, Yahya Bahlul Yahya Khormi, Majid Jobran Lughbi, Mahmoud Mohammed Hassan
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1893-1899
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601384962

  30. Rosacea in Saudi Arabia
    Hassan Nabil Albaqshi, Munerah Saleh Alhumaidy, Feroze Kaliyadan, Dalal Saadoun Alsaadoun
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1900-1903
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601480592

  31. Association between Anemia with or without Renal Dysfunction and Rehospitalization among Systolic Heart Failure Patients, Medina, Saudi Arabia
    Raneem Abdulraheem Alraheili, Bayan Sulaiman Al-Alawi, Mohammad Waleed Khalifah, Mohammed Abdullah Saeed, Mansour Mohammed Al Nozha, Hanan Mosleh Ibrahim
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1904-1911
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601549545

  32. COVID-19 pandemic effects on diabetic patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
    Abdulrahman Abdulmhsen Alshaikh, Maisa Mohammed Abdullah Mallawi, Shahad Yousef Abdulhamed Aljuhani, Rawan Yaqob Ibrahim Mohammed Kareem Alkhotani, Nesrin Mazi Awad Aljohani, Doaa Ahmed Aljehani, Lena Mohammed Jalal Alsayyad, Rawan Ahmed Abdullah Alghamdi, Albatool Mohammed Abdullah Baz, Maha Hamied Atyan Alsayed, Rasha Abdulaziz Alluhaybi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1912-1917
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601567409

  33. Prevalence of depression among hypothyroid patients being treated with levothyroxine in a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia
    Abdullah Almalki, Abdulaziz Alosail, Mohammed Almalki, Rakan Mal, Abdulaziz Albacker, Alwaleed Alrebdi, Abdulaziz Ismail, Amir Omair, Awad Alshahrani
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1918-1923
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601735563

  34. The association between smartphones and thumb/wrist pain among students at Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
    Mohammed Bahathiq, Ahmed Almadaabgy, Kaled Marzogi, Abdulmajeed Mohammed Alnahdi, Hussein Hani Mufti, Khalid Alsharif
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1924-1937
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601759283

  35. Awareness of adult population toward non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Alhumaidi Mazyad Alsubaie, Saeed Mahmoud Mohammad, Abdulkarim Salem Alqarni, Abdulkareem Salah Alosaimi, Mutaz Mohammed Alenizi, Sultan Daghfak Alenazi, Abdullah Hamzah Bawazir, Hassan Mohammed Alsetri, Saleh Abdulaziz Alduhayan
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1938-1944
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602163627

  36. General knowledge of high school students with respect to diabetes mellitus in Buraydah city, Saudi Arabia
    Mostafa Khodeir, Rayan Fahad Alrumayh, Abdulrahman Saleh Alsweed, Osama Omar Alomar, Omar Essa Alomari, Ahmad Saleh Aljutaily, Wael Saleh Altuwayjiri, Abdulwahab Ali Alhasan
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1945-1951
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602173057

  37. The prevalence and attitude of parental self-medication among children in Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
    Fatimah Sami Albattat, Zainab Mohammed Al-Omran, Ahmed Zuhair Alkhars, Hajer Hashim Alhashim, Sarah Salman Alnazghah, Fatimah Abdulmuttalib Alghadeer
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1952-1958
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602243687

  38. Awareness of medical students about acute abdomen pain in Saudi Arabia
    Sultan Abdulrahman S. Alamrani, Saeed Mahmoud Mohammad, Bashayer Abdullah Hadi Towhary, Nezar Ahmad Alamri, Hajar Ahmed Hakami, Ebtesam Abkar Ahmed Osaili, Khaled Saleh Alharthi, Ziyad Mohammed Hamed Alsharif, Osama Hamza Alshreef
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1959-1964
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602536595

  39. Beliefs and knowledge of gout management among new medical graduates of Qassim University
    Mostafa M Khodeir, Wael S Altuwayjiri, Khalid M Alkhalifah, Saleh A Alhablen, Amjad S Alhumaidan
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1965-1969
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602704425

  40. Comparison of the effect of different techniques of tonsillectomy on the incidence of post-operative complications
    Marwan Faleh Alnofaie, Samir Ahmad Hassan Badr, Khaled Saleh Alharthi, Turki Naif Alotaibi, Muhammad Khaled Alotaibi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1970-1974
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602963488

  41. Review Article

  42. Dental CAD/CAM: a brief review
    Ahmed khulaif AlRashdi, Fai Mohammad Al Mutairi, Aeshah Hamad Aldubaikhi, Layla Yahia Zaylaee, Ahmed Dakhilallah Alharbi, Hossam M Mossa
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1975-1979
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598178821

  43. Role of serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) therapies as a therapeutic option for irritable bowel syndrome: a brief review
    Ibrahim Mahmoud Ajwah, Waad Maher Alqulayti, Maram Salim Algrani, Maryam Talal Altuwayjiri, Sahar Yahya S Alatawi, Yazeed Saeed M Alqahtani, Razan Kamel Albalawi, Hadeel Ahmed Almutairi, Yassmeen Hmoud Alblowi, Alaa Sulaiman Almehmadi, Muflih Abdullah Saed Albalawi, Abdulmajeed Faisal A Albalawi, Waleed Khaled Alshehri, Maram Ali Jarallah, Wejdan Saleem Aljohani, Rama Osama Abu Alez
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1980-1983
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598469297

  44. Risk factors related to surgical site infections among surgical patients in developing world: a systematic review
    Faihan Nasser Alotaibi, Faisal Mohammed Alnemari, Alwaleed Khalid Alsufyani, Aisha Mohammad Al-sanea, Abeer Hamad Al-Nashri, Huda Owaid Alanazi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1984-1992
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598614458

  45. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor effects on cardiovascular outcomes: a short review
    Ibrahim Mahmoud H Ajwah, Waleed Jamal Aloqbi, Ahmed Ebrahim Al Ansari, Nawaf Saeed Almalki, Abdulelah Hamdan Alonizei, Razan Faisal Aljohani, Omniyyah Ahmed Alnahyah, Razan Kamel Albalawi, Sultan Makki Alsharef, Abdulrahman Abdulhadi Alatawi, Afnan Mohammed Almutairi, Wedad Eid Aljthli, Amirah Naif Albalawi, Mohammed A. Alotaibi, Mohammed Abdullah Alasmari, Atheer Hammad Alatawi
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1993-1995
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599914173

  46. Prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and causes in Saudi Arabia: a review
    Samiha Fahad Khayyat, Nujud Ayman Boubsit, Munira Mohammed Moed Alalyani, Layan Nizar Alkhayat
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1996-2001
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599979938

  47. Chronic medical condition associated with increased risk of fall in old people: a review
    Heba Zahed Kufiah, Raneem Mohammed Weiyani, Eman Mohammed Bamoosa, Shahd Jamil Alharbi, Hassan Ali Alharbi, Enas Hamdy Alfalogy
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 2002-2007
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599993523

  48. Diabetic neuropathy in Saudi Arabia: a comprehensive review for further actions
    Mohammad Mater Aljohani, Amjad Taj Karam, Ayman Abdulaziz Alamri, Mohammed Hamed Manfaloti, Hussain Abbas Alnakhli, Hatem Ahmed Shaqroon
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 2008-2013
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601343665

  49. Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans: a systematic review of the literature
    Alaa Alnooh, Yasser Al Qubaisy, Nujud Alshammari, Ibrahim Alhowshan
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 2014-2017
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602057818

  50. Prevalence and conditions associated with chronic pelvic pain in women: a review
    Nora Almohideb
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 2018-2022
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602417125

  51. Case Report

  52. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children with DM type I: a case report from Saudi Arabia
    Sajjad M. Alkadhem, Heba H. Alameer, Fadi N. Busaleh, Mohammed H. Al Ali, Murtadha H. Alrashed, Ali A. Mohammed Saleh, Mohammed H. Alnasser, Fatimah A. Al-Hajji , Mahdi H. Alsuwailem, Abdullah F. AL Muaibid
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 2023-2026
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599813373

  53. The hidden danger of marine fish, a fish sting induced a delayed neurological deficit—a case report
    Taif Naif Alruwaili, Ahmed Hamoud Alanazi, Ahmed Esmael Abdelhady, Ahmad Abdelsadek Hassan, Mohammed Qasem Alqahtani
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 2027-2029
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602087555