Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(5): 927-931

The prevalence of apathy among road traffic accident survivors

Authors: Mohammed Alblowi, Tehreem Irfan, Khalid Alshehri, Abdullah Aljumaiah, Mohammed Hakami, Sara Aljebrin.

ABSTRACT

Background: Road traffic accidents (RTA) in Saudi Arabia are a major concern to both the public and health sectors alike. Victims who survive such an incident suffer from traumatic brain injury (TBI) with lifelong impact leading to disability. Apathy as a result of TBI following RTA is one of the most negative consequences of such an incident. The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of apathy as a result of TBI among RTA survivors in Saudi Arabia. Methodology: Data were collected using an anonymous online questionnaire. A total of 38 informants agreed to complete the questionnaire as a proxy to a first-degree relative who sustained a TBI as a result of RTA. The questionnaire contained the apathy evaluation scale (AES) to diagnose apathy and the patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) to differentiate between apathy and depression. Results: The prevalence of apathy in this study was (76.31%). In comparison, depression prevalence was accounted for (71%). There was an association between apathy and depression among patients who sustained a TBI as a result of RTA. This had a statistical significance of a (p = 0.009). Conclusion: Both depression and apathy are having an alarmingly high prevalence among RTA survivors as a result of TBI and have the potential to negatively affect outcomes and quality of life for such a population. Knowing that depression and apathy are common in patients following TBI can help physicians to screen patients for early interventions and biopsychosocial counseling, hence, better clinical outcomes.

Keywords:
Road traffic accident, traumatic brain injury, apathy, depression, Saudi Arabia


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The prevalence of apathy among road traffic accident survivors


Authors
Mohammed Alblowi
Department of Psychiatry, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Tehreem Irfan
Department of Psychiatry, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Khalid Alshehri
College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Abdullah Aljumaiah
College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammed Hakami
College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Sara Aljebrin
College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Mohammed Alblowi, Department of Psychiatry, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; mohdhakami4@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 17 Apr 2020
Accepted 30 Apr 2020
Published online 09 May 2020
Published in print 16 May 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alblowi M, Irfan T, Alshehri K, Aljumaiah A, Hakami M, Aljebrin S. The prevalence of apathy among road traffic accident survivors. IJMDC. 2020; 4(5): 927-931. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1587106914


Web Style

Alblowi M, Irfan T, Alshehri K, Aljumaiah A, Hakami M, Aljebrin S. The prevalence of apathy among road traffic accident survivors. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=99944 [Access: June 03, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1587106914


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alblowi M, Irfan T, Alshehri K, Aljumaiah A, Hakami M, Aljebrin S. The prevalence of apathy among road traffic accident survivors. IJMDC. 2020; 4(5): 927-931. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1587106914


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alblowi M, Irfan T, Alshehri K, Aljumaiah A, Hakami M, Aljebrin S. The prevalence of apathy among road traffic accident survivors. IJMDC. (2020), [cited June 03, 2020]; 4(5): 927-931. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1587106914


Harvard Style

Alblowi, M., Irfan, . T., Alshehri, . K., Aljumaiah, . A., Hakami, . M. & Aljebrin, . S. (2020) The prevalence of apathy among road traffic accident survivors. IJMDC, 4 (5), 927-931. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1587106914


Turabian Style

Alblowi, Mohammed, Tehreem Irfan, Khalid Alshehri, Abdullah Aljumaiah, Mohammed Hakami, and Sara Aljebrin. 2020. The prevalence of apathy among road traffic accident survivors. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (5), 927-931. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1587106914


Chicago Style

Alblowi, Mohammed, Tehreem Irfan, Khalid Alshehri, Abdullah Aljumaiah, Mohammed Hakami, and Sara Aljebrin. "The prevalence of apathy among road traffic accident survivors." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 927-931. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1587106914


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alblowi, Mohammed, Tehreem Irfan, Khalid Alshehri, Abdullah Aljumaiah, Mohammed Hakami, and Sara Aljebrin. "The prevalence of apathy among road traffic accident survivors." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.5 (2020), 927-931. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1587106914


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alblowi, M., Irfan, . T., Alshehri, . K., Aljumaiah, . A., Hakami, . M. & Aljebrin, . S. (2020) The prevalence of apathy among road traffic accident survivors. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (5), 927-931. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1587106914


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